Amateur Bodybuilder Treated After Injecting Himself With Coconut Oil

Doctors are warning about the practice among bodybuilders in the UK of injecting substances such as coconut oil to enhance their muscle shape. The extent of the practice is only coming to light due to the case of a young man being admitted to hospital with loss of function in his right arm, but medics are warning this is potentially only the tip of the iceberg.

Alarmingly, this practice used for the short-term enhancement of muscular appearance seems to come at a significant cost, write the authors of the case study published in BMJ Case Reports. There is a risk of long-term muscle fibrosis, deformity and irreversible loss of function.

The practice has been brought to light due to an occasion where a 25-year-old amateur bodybuilder was treated for pain and loss of function in his right arm. He told doctors hed taken up body building four years earlier, but that hed had trouble moving his arm for a few months. An ultrasound of the arm revealed that not only had he ruptured his triceps, but that there numerous cysts inside his arm muscle.

Despite being reluctant to talk at the start, the man eventually revealed that he had been injecting his arm with coconut oil to improve the aesthetics and contouring of his muscles. While the self-administering of steroids is a well-known practice, the extent of using other compounds, such as walnut oil, sesame oil, and paraffin, is less well established and not really recognized among medical practitioners. People are turning to them as cheap and easy to get hold of alternatives to anabolic steroids.

The doctors think that it is unlikely that the rupturing of the tendon that connects the triceps to the bone near the elbow an injury that is rare in younger people was related to the coconut oil, and is more probably linked to the fact that he was also taking steroids at the same time. But the cysts forming in the muscles were almost certainly the result of injecting the coconut oil into them. It also turned out that the patient was taking non-prescribed insulin and vitamin B12 injections.

The long-term impact of this practice on the musculature itself, as well as potential adverse effects compromising health and sporting ability, lack thorough description, the authors continue. We need to be aware of these cases to enable correct clinical diagnoses and also to recognize other self-abusive and potentially life-threatening practices which may be seen in conjunction.

Not only is there the threat of developing cysts, but the experts also warn of causing potential blood clots if the injections hit a blood vessel. Needless to say, the doctors recommend against such practices in all situations.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/amateur-bodybuilder-treated-after-injecting-himself-with-coconut-oil/


Eating cheese does not raise risk of heart attack or stroke, study finds

Consumption of even full-fat dairy products does not increase risk, international team of experts says

Consuming cheese, milk and yoghurt even full-fat versions does not increase the risk of a heart attack or stroke, according to research that challenges the widely held belief that dairy products can damage health.

The findings, from an international team of experts, contradict the view that dairy products can be harmful because of their high saturated fat content. The experts dismiss that fear as a misconception [and] mistaken belief.

The results come from a new meta-analysis of 29 previous studies of whether dairy products increase the risk of death from any cause and from either serious heart problems or cardiovascular disease. The study concluded that such foodstuffs did not raise the risk of any of those events and had a neutral impact on human health.

This meta-analysis showed there were no associations between total dairy, high- and low-fat dairy, milk and the health outcomes including all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease or cardiovascular disease, says the report, published in the European Journal of Epidemiology.

Ian Givens, a professor of food chain nutrition at Reading University, who was one of the researchers, said: Theres quite a widespread but mistaken belief among the public that dairy products in general can be bad for you, but thats a misconception. While it is a widely held belief, our research shows that thats wrong.

Theres been a lot of publicity over the last five to 10 years about how saturated fats increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and a belief has grown up that they must increase the risk, but they dont.

However, the governments health advisers urged consumers to continue to exercise caution about eating too many products high in saturated fat and to stick to low-fat versions instead.

Dairy products form an important part of a healthy balanced diet; however, many are high in saturated fat and salt. Were all consuming too much of both, increasing our risk of heart disease, said a spokesman for Public Health England. We recommend choosing lower-fat varieties of milk and dairy products or eating smaller amounts to reduce saturated fat and salt in the diet.

Givens and colleagues from Reading, Copenhagen University in Denmark and Wageningen University in the Netherlands analysed 29 studies involving 938,465 participants from around the world undertaken over the last 35 years, including five done in the UK.

No associations were found for total (high-fat/low-fat) dairy and milk with the health outcomes of mortality, CHD or CVD, they said. In fact, they added, fermented dairy products may potentially slightly lower the risk of having a heart attack or stroke.

Doctors, public health experts and official healthy eating guidelines have for many years identified saturated fats as potentially harmful for heart and cardiovascular health and advised consumers to minimise their intake.

That has led to consumers increasingly buying lower-fat versions of dairy products. For example, 85% of all milk sold in the UK is now semi-skimmed or skimmed.

Givens said consumers were shunning full-fat versions of cheese, milk or yoghurt in the mistaken view that they could harm their health. Young people, especially young women, were now often drinking too little milk as a result of that concern, which could damage the development of their bones and lead to conditions in later life including osteoporosis, or brittle bones, he said. Consuming too little milk can deprive young people of calcium.

Pregnant women who drank too little milk could be increasing the risk of their child having neuro-developmental difficulties, which could affect their cognitive abilities and stunt their growth, Givens added.

The most recent National Diet and Nutrition Survey, the governments occasional snapshot of eating habits, found that dairy products, including butter, accounted for the highest proportion of saturated fat consumption in British diets 27%, compared with meats 24%. But if butter was not counted then dairy products together were the second largest source of saturated fat, at 22%.

Saturated fat is a vital part of diet. The NDNS found that adults typically got 34.6% of their total energy from fats as a whole, just below the 35% the government recommends. However, while total fat consumption was just within target, saturated fats still made up an unhealthily large proportion of total food energy 12.6%, against the recommended maximum of 11%.

Givens said: Our meta-analysis included an unusually large number of participants. We are confident that our results are robust and accurate.

The research was part-funded by the three pro-dairy groups Global Dairy Platform, Dairy Research Institute and Dairy Australia but they had no influence over it, the paper said. Givens is an adviser to the Food Standards Agency.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/may/08/consuming-dairy-does-not-raise-risk-of-heart-attack-or-stroke-study


A comic that accurately sums up depression and anxiety and the uphill battle of living with them

Sarah Flanigan has been fighting depression since she was 10 years old and anxiety since she was 16. “I wish everyone knew that depression is not something that people can just ‘snap out of,'” she explains. “I mean, if I could ‘snap out of it,’ I would have by now.”

Depression and anxiety disorders are real illnesses. Mental illnesses are not “in someone’s head,” they’re not something a person can “just get over,” and they affect so many of us over 40 million people in the U.S. alone.

Despite how common they are, it’s still really difficult to explain to people who may have never experienced a mental illness.

Enter: cute, clever illustrations that get the job done.

Nick Seluk, who creates the amazing comics at The Awkward Yeti, heard from reader Sarah Flanigan. She shared her story of depression and anxiety with him. If it could help even one person, she said, it would be worth it.

Nick turned her story into a fantastic comic that perfectly captures the reality of living with depression and anxiety.

“I’ve been through and seen depression and anxiety in action, and thought Sarah’s story was so perfectly simple,” he told me. “We all get sick physically and mentally, but we need to be open to talking (and laughing) about [it].”

I couldn’t agree more, and I think this comic will resonate with a lot of people.

Simple yet powerful, right?

“The hardest part of living with depression and anxiety for me is feeling like I have to hide it,” Sarah said. “I’ve always been known as the happy one in my group of friends. Everyone’s always so shocked when I tell them I have depression or they see the self-harm scars.”

“It’s much harder than it should be to say, ‘Hey, I have depression and I’ve been struggling with self-harm since I was 10 and I just really need your support to get me through tonight,'” Sarah explained.

Let’s all keep working to make it easier for our friends, family members, and ourselves to get support. Let’s keep talking about it.

Read more: http://www.upworthy.com/a-comic-that-accurately-sums-up-depression-and-anxiety-and-the-uphill-battle-of-living-with-them?c=tpstream


Teenage boys wear skirts to school to protest against ‘no shorts’ policy

Dozens of pupils at Isca academy in Exeter stage uniform protest after school insists they wear trousers despite heatwave

Some had borrowed from girlfriends, others from sisters. A few had gone the extra mile and shaved their legs. When the Isca academy in Devon opened on Thursday morning, an estimated 30 boys arrived for lessons, heads held high, in fetching tartan-patterned skirts. The hottest June days since 1976 had led to a bare-legged revolution at the secondary school in Exeter.

As the temperature soared past 30C earlier this week, the teenage boys had asked their teachers if they could swap their long trousers for shorts. They were told no shorts werent permitted under the schools uniform policy.

When they protested that the girls were allowed bare legs, the school no doubt joking said the boys were free to wear skirts too if they chose. So on Wednesday, a handful braved the giggles and did so. The scale of the rebellion increased on Thurday, when at least 30 boys opted for the attire.

Quite refreshing was how one of the boys described the experience, pointing out that if even Royal Ascot had allowed racegoers in the royal enclosure to remove their jackets, then the school ought to relax its dress code. Another said he rather enjoyed the nice breeze his skirt had afforded him.

A third, tall boy said he was told his short skirt exposed too much hairy leg. Some of the boys visited a shop on their way to Isca the name the Romans gave to Exeter to pick up razors to make sure they did not fall foul of any beauty police.

Ironically, the temperature had dropped in Exeter to a more manageable 20C, but some boys said they had enjoyed the freedom afforded by the skirts and that they might continue.

The school said it was prepared to think again in the long term. The headteacher, Aimee Mitchell, said: We recognise that the last few days have been exceptionally hot and we are doing our utmost to enable both students and staff to remain as comfortable as possible.

Shorts are not currently part of our uniform for boys, and I would not want to make any changes without consulting both students and their families. However, with hotter weather becoming more normal, I would be happy to consider a change for the future.

It was too late. The revolution was picked up by media organisations across the globe, and Devon county council was forced to help the school out with inquiries. A spokesperson said: About 30 boys arrived at school this morning wearing school skirts. None of the boys have been penalised no one was put in isolation or detention for wearing a skirt.

The mother of one of the boys who began the protest said she was proud of him. Claire Lambeth, 43, said her son Ryan, 15, had come home earlier in the week complaining about the heat. He said it was unbearable. I spoke to a teacher to ask about shorts and she said it was school policy [that they could not be worn]. I did say this was exceptional weather, but they were having none of it. If girls can wear skirts, why cant boys wear shorts?

Ryan came up with the idea of wearing a skirt, so that evening we borrowed one. He wore it the next day as did five other boys. Then this morning I didnt expect it to take off like that. The school is being silly really this is exceptional weather. I was very proud of Ryan. I think it was a great idea.

Another mother said: My 14-year-old son wanted to wear shorts. The headteacher told them: Well, you can wear a skirt if you like but I think she was being sarcastic. However, children tend to take you literally, and because she told them it was OK, there was nothing she could do as long as they were school skirts.

A third mother said: Children also dont like injustice. The boys see the female teachers in sandals and nice cool skirts and tops while they are wearing long trousers and shoes and the older boys have to wear blazers. They just think its unfair that they cant wear shorts in this heat.

There were signs that the revolution might be spreading. The Guardian has heard of at least one more school in Wiltshire where one boy turned up in a skirt, although it did not go down quite so well with his friends.

And schoolboys were not the only ones making controversial dress choices because of the heat. Michael Wood, who works as a porter at Watford general hospital, claimed he was facing disciplinary action from his employers Medirest for rolling his trousers up to try to cool down. A spokesperson for the company declined to comment on the case, but said: The health and safety of our colleagues is always our number one priority.

What happened to summer school uniforms? Matthew Easter, managing director of the schoolwear supplier Trutex, said they had become less popular for reasons of economy. Its really up to the individual school to decide, but the headteacher is in a difficult position. A decade or so ago, summer wear was more popular, but theres been a change recently to try to make uniforms as economical as possible. Summer uniforms are only worn for a matter of weeks.

If parents havent bought uniform shorts, then some children may feel disadvantaged, so perhaps the decision in this case is simply down to fairness.

It may be that the weather will solve the problem for the school. The Exeter-based Met Office situated up the road from the school predicts pleasant, but not searing, temperatures over the coming week.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/education/2017/jun/22/teenage-boys-wear-skirts-to-school-protest-no-shorts-uniform-policy


With 1 male left worldwide, northern white rhinos under guard 24 hours

Ol Pejeta Conservancy, Kenya (CNN)At first glance, Sudan looks like any other northern white rhino: stout and agile, with square lips.

He grazes under the hot sun, his massive head lowered to the ground, at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in central Kenya.
When he’s not napping in his enclosure, he waddles around the sprawling savannah, stopping briefly to drink water from a concrete hole.
    But Sudan is not just any rhino. He’s the last known male northern white rhino left in the world.
    For an animal on the verge of extinction, the fate of the subspecies rests on his ability to conceive with the two female northern white rhinos at the conservancy.

    24-hour security



      Rhino receives armed guards



      Gorilla gives birth to surprise baby


    Sudan’s female companions, Fatu and Najin, live at the conservancy, where experts are scrambling to ensure the subspecies does not go extinct.
    The animals are under 24-hour protection by armed guards. Rhinos are targeted by poachers, fueled by the belief in Asia that their horns cure various ailments. Experts say the rhino horn is becoming more lucrative than drugs.
    In addition to round-the-clock security, the conservancy has put radio transmitters on the animals and dispatches incognito rangers into neighboring communities to gather intelligence on poaching.
    The conservancy is also raising funds to help equip and train rangers who guard the rhinos.

    On the verge of extinction

    At 42, Sudan is elderly in rhino years. Fatu, 15, is a spring chicken, while Najin is 25.
    Though the three northern white rhinos are physiologically healthy, age might be a factor, says George Paul, the deputy veterinarian at the conservancy.
    “Sudan is currently old and may not be able to naturally mount and mate with a female,” he says.
    In addition, he has a low sperm count, which complicates natural and scientific efforts, experts say.
    Najin could conceive, but her hind legs are so weak, she may be unable to support a mounted male.
    “There has been recorded mating between different pairs over the last few years, but not conceptions,” Paul says. “Based on a recent health examination conducted, both animals have a regular estrus cycle, but no conception has been recorded.”
    And if one is not recorded soon, the beloved animal will go extinct.

    Alternative methods to conceive

    In a race against time, international experts are resorting to science to try to sustain the subspecies.
    The northern white rhino cannot mate with a black rhino, but there is a chance it could mate with a southern white rhino, Paul says. While southern white rhinos are not endangered — Ol Pejeta has 19 — they are a different subspecies from the northern white rhino genetically. Though the offspring would not be 100% northern white rhino, it would be better than nothing, experts say.
    A committee at the conservancy is also looking at various alternative reproduction techniques, including in vitro fertilization.
    “In other countries, success has been achieved with embryo transfer in a different rhino species, thus that, as a technique, can be presupposed to be the most promising,” Paul says. “However, consultations are ongoing amongst different reproductive technique experts on the way forward.”

    Countdown to extinction

    The need to preserve the northern white rhino is dire.
    “Realistically, we are looking at these animals dying in the next decade or so. But hopefully, using artificial methods of reproduction, we might be able to bring them back in the future,” Paul says. “This might mean that it will happen when the current animals are already deceased, but it could happen.”
    The conservancy acquired the northern white rhinos — two males and two females — in 2009 from a zoo in the Czech Republic. Suni, the other male northern white rhino at the conservancy, died last year.
    There are no known northern white rhinos left in the wild. A total of three remain in captivity worldwide — all in Kenya,
    Sudan, the only male left, is in a company of one.

    Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/16/africa/kenya-northern-white-rhino/index.html


    OB-GYNs Issue Major New Recommendations On Cord Clamping

    More and more research has said there are benefits to keeping the umbilical cord attached for several minutes after childbirth a practice known as “delayed cord clamping.” But the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has held off from endorsing the practice, saying there was insufficient evidence to support it universally.

    This week ACOG issued new guidelines changing its stance. In the first policy opinion on the topic issued since 2012, the group now recommends that doctors and midwives hold off on clamping all healthy newborns’ cords for at least 30 to 60 seconds.

    “While there are various recommendations regarding optimal timing for delayed umbilical cord clamping, there has been increased evidence that shows that the practice in and of itself has clear health benefits for both [all] infants,” Dr. Maria Mascola, lead author of the new ACOG opinion, wrote in a press release. “And, in most cases, this does not interfere with early care, including drying and stimulating for the first breath and immediate skin-to-skin contact.”

    The change may not seem significant it is, after all, a delay of only a few seconds or minutes but the timing of cord clamping has been a major source of debate within the childbirth community. 

    For decades, doctors cut the umbilical cord (or encouraged enthusiastic partners to do so) immediately after birth, thinking it reduced the risk of maternal hemorrhage. But research has not supported the idea that delaying cord clamping put moms at risk in any way.

    Instead, studies have found numerous benefits to waiting for a minute or two, particularly for vulnerable pre-term babies. It can cut their risk of brain hemorrhage in half, allowing blood to flow from the placenta to the baby. For full-term babies, delayed cord clamping has been linked to longterm neuro-developmental benefits and improved iron levels

    “Blood carries more than just red blood cells; it also includes important nutrients, iron, antibodies, and clot-making factors,” Dr. Heather Smith, an attending physician and OB-GYN with the Montefiore Health System, told HuffPost.  

    When extenuating medical circumstances make it impossible to delay cord clamping, it is possible to try “umbilical cord milking,” Smith said, which involves squeezing the cord to push the blood in it back up to the baby. However, in the new statement ACOG said there was not enough evidence to support or refute any potential benefits of cord milking this time. 

    Ultimately, the new statement is more a reflection of ACOG catching up with the times rather than fundamentally changing best practices. The World Health Organization already recommends it and many hospitals and midwifery practices across the country already practice routine delayed cord clamping. However, ACOG holds a lot of sway over obstetric practices in this country, with nearly 60,000 members.

    “The biggest differences that a mom might notice right after vaginal delivery is that we won’t immediately ask the support person to cut the cord,” Smith said. “The baby will be placed on her chest with the cord still attached from the baby to the placenta that’s still inside the uterus.”

    Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/ob-gyn-group-issues-major-new-cord-clamping-recommendation_us_585acaabe4b0de3a08f3de4b


    Josh Duggar Has Audacity To Claim Molestation Reports Caused ‘Emotional Injury’

    The Duggar sisters breach-of-privacy suit has taken an even stranger turn now that Josh Duggar who admitted to molesting some of his sistersas a teen is seeking to join those same siblings in legal action over his molestation scandal.

    Last month, Jill, Jessa, Jinger and Joy Duggar filed a federal lawsuit seeking unspecified compensatory and punitive damages against In Touch magazine and Arkansas law enforcement over police documents released to the tabloid through a Freedom of Information Act request in 2015.

    On Friday, Josh filed a motion asking to join the case, claiming that he has suffered severe emotional distress, embarrassment, humiliation and economic harm both to his personal and professional reputations as result ofIn Touchs bombshell report that alleged he molested underage girls.

    In their original lawsuit, the four Duggar sisters claim they were revictimized by the release of the documents that contained cosmetic redactions, which allowed them to be identified as their brothers victims.

    Their lawsuit hinges on the assertion that, according to Arkansas law, information collected involving minors is not subject to disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act. The sisters claim that when they spoke to investigators as minors in 2006, they were told their statements would not be made public. Josh makes the same claims in his motion to intervene and cites the same law.

    The City of Springdale, which the sisters are also suing, previously dismissed the allegationsin the lawsuit as without merit and false in a statement to the press. In Touch has yet to respond to the lawsuit, but its important to recognize that Joshs name was, in fact, redacted from the police report as required by law. In Touch even noted in the story:

    (Note: Joshs name is redacted from the police report but In Touch has confirmed the passages that refer to him.)

    From left: Jessa Seewald, Joy Duggar, Jill Dillard, Jana Duggar, who is not part of the suit, and Jinger Vuolo.

    Similarly, the police report appears to comply with state law by redacting the names of Joshs victims. In Touch did not identify the victims by name in its reports, and it was Jessa and Jill who identified themselves as two of Joshs five underage victims when they participated in an interview with Megyn Kelly on The Kelly File. With the filing of their lawsuit, Jinger and Joy confirmed they were victims, as well.The identity of the fifth victim remains unknown.

    The sisters claim that by not redacting their parents names, Jim Bob and Michelle Duggar, In Touch clearly identified the sisters as victims. However, the Duggar parents names did not need to be redacted as they were not minors.

    In his motion to join the suit, Josh also states that while his sisters have been forced to confront traumatic experiences and had the most private and painful aspects of their lived [sic] exposed, they received sympathy worldwide.

    But, Josh goes on to say that theres just no sympathy for himwhos youngest victim was just 5 years old:

    Not so with Movant, however, for which the confidential, highly sensitive, intensely personal and humiliating nature of the information contained in the released reports has subjected him to exposure only in an intensely negative light for actions he engaged in as an indiscrete youth and that will continue to haunt him and cause him financial and emotional injury for the rest of his life.

    The fall out from In Touchs May 2015 report was swift.Josh admitted to molesting underage girls who were later confirmed to be his sisters. He subsequently resignedfrom his job asexecutive directorof Tony Perkins conservative and anti-gay group, Family Research Council Action, and TLCcanceled 19 Kids and Counting.(Josh was back in the headlines overa cheating scandal involving an Ashley Madison account and claims of sex addiction later on.)

    The idea that an admitted child molester could complain about lack of sympathy is inherently ridiculous and a closer look at Joshs motion reveals his claims to be completely contradictory.

    In one breath, without actually mentioning the assaults,he refers to his abuse of his sisters astraumatic experiences and the most private and painful aspects of their lives. He then turns around and attempts to brush off repeated acts of sexual abuse as actions he engaged in as an indiscrete youth. In fact, the words molestation and sexual assault do not appear in Joshs motion at all. There is not even a hint of personal responsibility for his actions in the entire motion.

    Meanwhile, his sisters Jessa and Jill previously said they had forgiven Josh, but the language in their lawsuit says otherwise. In the suit, the sisters state they were sexually assaulted on several occasions by [their] brother, Josh Duggar. The words sexual abuse and sexual assault and molestation are free flowing throughout the suit. Its a far cry from how they previously characterized the incidents as mild, inappropriate touching when they were interviewed by Kelly.

    Via the police report: [Jim Bob Duggar] said that [Josh] had told him that [he] had been touching [redacted] on the breast and vaginal areas while [they] were sleeping. Later in the report [Jim Bob] said there was another incident in March 2003. [Jim Bob] said that [Josh] was reading to [redacted] and [she] was sitting on [his] lap, [Josh] had touched [redacteds] breasts and vaginal area…sometime during this timeframe [Josh] had been standing in the laundry room and [Josh] had put [his] hand under [redacteds] dress.

    Josh is not represented by the same attorneys as his four sisters and it is unclear how they feel about him seeking to join the suit. HuffPost has reached out to lawyers for the Duggar sisters and will update this post accordingly.

    Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/josh-duggar-has-the-audacity-to-claim-molestation-reports-caused-emotional-injury_us_5935fdb8e4b0cfcda917101e


    It’s Time For These 101 Ridiculous Science “Facts” To Die

    Who hasn’t shared an amazing science fact only to feel embarrassed later on, when you find out the information was wrong? No more!

    It’s time to put an end to the most alluring science myths, misconceptions, and inaccuracies passed down through the ages.

    To help the cause we’ve rounded up and corrected dozens of the most shocking science “facts” that are bizarrely wrong about food, animals, the Earth, biology, space, alcohol, andhealth.


    MYTH: There are bugs in your strawberry Frappuccino.

    MYTH: There are bugs in your strawberry Frappuccino.

    Ron Cogswell/Flickr (CC BY 2.0)

    This one is no longer true.

    Before April 2012, Starbucks’ strawberry Frappucino contained a dye made from the ground-up bodies of thousands of tiny insects, called cochineal bugs (or Dactylopius coccus).

    Farmers in South and Central America make a living harvesting and smashing the bugs that go into the dye. Their crushed bodies produce a deep red ink that is used as a natural food coloring, which was “called cochineal” red but is now called “carmine color.”

    Starbucks stopped using carmine color in their strawberry Frappucinos in 2012. But the dye is still used in thousands of other food products from Nerds candies to grapefruit juice. Not to mention cosmetics, like lovely shades of red lipstick.

    Sources: Business Insider, CHR Hansen, AmericanSweets.co.uk, FoodFacts.com, LA Times

    MYTH: Eating food within 5 seconds of dropping it on the floor is safe.

    MYTH: Eating food within 5 seconds of dropping it on the floor is safe.

    Flickr / Rubbermaid Products

    It’s the worst when something you really wanted to eat falls on the floor. But if you grab it in five seconds, it’s ok, right?

    The five-second-rule isn’t a real thing. Bacteria can contaminate a food within milliseconds.

    Mythbusting tests show that moist foods attract more bacteria than dry foods, but there’s no “safe duration.” Instead, safety depends on how clean the surface you dropped the food on is.

    Whether you eat it or not after that is up to you, but if the people that walk on that floor are also walking around New York City, for example, we wouldn’t recommend it.

    Sources: Business Insider, Discovery.com

    MYTH: The chemical tryptophan in turkey makes you sleepy.

    MYTH: The chemical tryptophan in turkey makes you sleepy.

    Bev Currie/Flickr

    Who doesn’t love the post-Thanksgiving nap? After all, turkey contains tryptophan an amino acid that is a component of some of the brain chemicals that help you relax.

    But plenty of foods contain tryptophan. Cheddar cheese has even more than turkey, yet cheddar is never pointed out as a sleep inducing food.

    Experts say that instead, the carbs, alcohol, and general size of the turkey-day feast are the cause of those delicious holiday siestas.

    Sources: Business Insider, LiveScience

    MYTH: There’s beaver butt secretions in your vanilla ice cream.

    MYTH: There's beaver butt secretions in your vanilla ice cream.

    Via Flickr

    You’ve probably heard that a secretion called castoreum, isolated from the anal gland of a beaver, is used in flavorings and perfumes.

    But castoreum is so expensive, at up to $70 per pound of anal gland (the cost to humanely milk castoreum froma beaveris likely evenhigher), that it’s unlikely to show up in anything you eat.

    In 2011, the Vegetarian Resource Group wrote to five major companies that produce vanilla flavoring and asked if they use castoreum. The answer: According to the Federal Code of Regulations, they can’t. (The FDA highly regulates what goes into vanilla flavoring and extracts.)

    It’s equally unlikely you’ll find castoreum in mass-marketed goods, either.

    Sources: Business Insider, Vegetarian Resource Group, FDA, NY Trappers Forum

    MYTH: Eating chocolate gives you acne.

    MYTH: Eating chocolate gives you acne.Flickr/lhongchou’s photography


    For one month, scientists fed dozens of people candy bars containing 10 times the usual amount of chocolate, and dozens of others fake chocolate bars.

    When they counted the zits before and after each diet, there was “no difference” between the two groups. Neither the chocolate nor the fat seemed to have any effect on acne.

    Source: JAMA

    MYTH: An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

    MYTH: An apple a day keeps the doctor away.


    Apples are packed with vitamin C and fiber, both of which are important to long-term health, but they aren’t all you need.

    And if certain viruses or bacteria get into your system, an apple will unfortunately do nothing to protect you.

    Go ahead and get that flu shot, even if you eat apples.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: Organic food is pesticide-free and more nutritious.

    MYTH: Organic food is pesticide-free and more nutritious.

    naotakem via Flickr

    Organic food isn’t free of pesticides and it isn’t necessarily better for you.
    Farmers who grow organic produce are permitted to use chemicals that are naturally derived and in some cases are actually worse for the environment than their synthetic counterparts. However, pesticide levels on both organic and non-organic foods are so low that they aren’t of concern for consumption, according to the USDA.
    Eating organic food also doesn’t come with any nutritional benefits over non-organic food, according to a review of 98,727 potentially relevant studies.

    MYTH: Natural sugar like honey is better for you than processed sugar.

    A granola bar made with honey instead of high-fructose corn syrup is not better for you.

    That’s because sugar in natural products like fruit and synthetic products like candy is the same: “Scientists would be surprised to hear about the ‘clear superiority’ of honey, since there is a near unanimous consensus that the biological effect of high-fructose corn syrup are essentially the same as those of honey,” professor Alan Levinovitz told Business Insider.

    The problem is that candy and other related products typically contain more sugar per serving, which means more calories a difference you should actually be watching out for.

    Sources: Business Insider, SciShow, Dr. Joy Dubost/Huffington Post

    MYTH: Milk does a body good!

    MYTH: Milk does a body good!

    liz west/flickr

    This is an incredibly successful bit of advertising that has wormed its way into our brains and policiesto make milk seem magical.

    The US Department of Agriculture tells us that adults should drink three cups of milk a day, mostly for calcium and vitamin D.

    However, multiple studies show that there isn’t an association between drinking more milk (or taking calcium and vitamin D supplements) and having fewer bone fractures.

    Some studies have even shown an association with higher overall mortality, and while that doesn’t mean that milk consumption itself was responsible, it’s certainly not an endorsement.

    Sources: Business Insider, NYTimes, Journal of Bone Mineral Research, JAMA Pediatrics, The Lancet, British Medical Journal

    MYTH: Coffee stunts your growth.

    MYTH: Coffee stunts your growth.

    Susanne Nilsson/Flickr

    Most research finds no correlation between caffeine consumption and bone growth in kids.

    In adults, researchers have seen that increased caffeine consumption can very slightly limit calcium absorption, but the impact is so small that a tablespoon of milk will more than adequately offset the effects of a cup of coffee.

    Advertising seems to be largely responsible for this myth: Cereal manufacturer named C.W. Post was trying to market a morning beverage called “Postum” as an alternative to coffee, so he ran ads on the “evils” of Americans’ favorite hot beverage, calling it a “nerve poison” that should never be served to children.

    Sources: Business Insider (1, 2), Smithsonian Magazine

    MYTH: Eating ice cream will make your cold worse.

    MYTH: Eating ice cream will make your cold worse.

    lvaro Nistal/Flickr (CC-BY-NC-ND 2.0)

    If you’re home sick with a cold, you can totally go ahead and comfort yourself with some ice cream.

    The idea that dairy increases mucous production is very fortunately not true, according to researchers and a doctor at the Mayo Clinic, who says “in fact, frozen dairy products can soothe a sore throat and provide calories when you otherwise may not eat.”

    Bless him.

    Sources: Business Insider, American Review of Respiratory Disease, Mayo Clinic

    MYTH: Sugar is as addictive as heroin.

    MYTH: Sugar is as addictive as heroin.

    Jake Harris/flickr

    In the 2009 book “Fat Chance,” the author, Dr. Robert Lustig, claims that sugar stimulates the brain’s reward system the same way that tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, and even heroin does, and therefore must be equally addictive. Lustig even cites studies that show parts of our brain that light-up from a sugary reward are the same parts that get excited for many types of enjoyable activities, from drinking alcohol to having sex.

    The problem, however, with these types of scientific studies of the brain is that “In neuroimaging, there is no clear-cut sign of addiction,” Hisham Ziaudden, an eating behavioral specialist, told Levinovitz.

    So, scientists don’t know what addiction in the brain looks like, yet, and until that mystery is solved we should not be living in fear from something as fanciful as sugar addiction.

    Source: Business Insider (1, 2), “Fat Chance

    MYTH: Sugar and chocolates are aphrodisiacs.

    In the mid 19th century before sugar purportedly caused diabetes or hyperactivity sugar was thought to ignite sexual desire in women, children, and, more controversially, the poor.

    One vintage Kellogg advertisement even claimed “Candies, spices, cinnamon, cloves, peppermint, and all strong essences powerfully excited the genital organs and lead to the [solitary vice].”

    So don’t get worked up over sugar. There’s little to no evidence to support the notion that it or any food, including chocolates stimulates sexual desire.

    Sources: Business Insider, Mayo Clinic

    MYTH: Sugar causes hyperactivity in children.

    MYTH: Sugar causes hyperactivity in children.

    Flickr user edith_soto

    Numerous scientific studies have tried and failed to find any evidence that supports this off-the-wall notion.

    The myth probably emerged in 1974, when Dr. William Crook wrote a letter to the American Academy of Pediatrics, which published it. “Only in the past three years have I become aware that sugar … is a leading cause of hyperactivity,” the letter stated.

    A letter does not include the rigorous scientific research that a paper does, and according to the National Institute of Mental Health: “The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or makes symptoms worse is popular, but more research discounts this theory than supports it.”

    Sources: University of Arkansas for Medial Sciences, Business Insider, NIH

    MYTH: Dogs and cats are colorblind.

    MYTH: Dogs and cats are colorblind.

    flickr user: rob.wiss

    Dogs and cats have much better color vision than we thought.

    Both dogs and cats can see in blue and green, and they also have more rods the light-sensing cells in the eye than humans do, so they can see better in low-light situations.

    This myth probably comes about because each animal sees colors differently than humans.

    Reds and pinks may appear more green to cats, while purple may look like another shade of blue. Dogs, meanwhile, have fewer cones the color-sensing cells in the eye so scientists estimated that their color vision is only about 1/7th as vibrant as ours.

    Sources: Today I Found Out, Business Insider

    MYTH: Lemmings jump off cliffs in mass suicides.

    Lemmings do not commit mass suicide.

    During their migrations they sometimes do fall off cliffs, or if they wander into an area they are unfamiliar with.

    Source: Alaska Department Of Fish And Game

    MYTH: Sharks don’t get cancer.

    MYTH: Sharks don't get cancer.

    Wendell Reed/Flickr

    Back in 2013, researchers reported a huge tumor growing out of the mouth of a great white shark, and another on the head of a bronze whaler shark.

    And those aren’t the only cases of shark cancers. Other scientists have reported tumors in dozens of different shark species.

    The myth that sharks don’t get cancer was created by I. William Lane to sell shark cartilage as a cancer treatment.

    Sources: Journal Of Cancer Research, LiveScience

    MYTH: Ostriches hide by putting their heads in the sand.

    Ostriches do not stick their heads in the sand when threatened. In fact, they don’t bury their heads at all.

    When threatened, ostriches sometimes flop on the ground and play dead.

    Source: San Diego Zoo

    MYTH: People get warts from frogs and toads.

    MYTH: People get warts from frogs and toads.


    Frogs or toads won’t give you warts, but shaking hands with someone who has warts can.

    The human papillomavirus is what gives people warts, and it is unique to humans.

    Source: WebMD

    MYTH: This dinosaur is called a Brontosaurus.

    MYTH: This dinosaur is called a Brontosaurus.

    public domain

    Many people would call this dinosaur a Brontosaurus even Michael Crichton did in “Jurassic Park.”

    It is actually called the Apatosaurus. The myth emerged some 130 years ago during a feud between two paleontologists.

    Source: NPR

    MYTH: Sharks can smell a drop of blood from miles away.

    This one is a big exaggeration. Jaws is not coming for you from across the ocean if you bleed in the water.

    Shark have a highly enlarged brain region for smelling odors, allowing some of the fish to detect as little as 1 part blood per 10 billion parts water roughly a drop in an Olympic-size swimming pool.

    But it the ocean is much, much, much bigger and it takes awhile for odor molecules to drift. On a very good day when the currents are favorable, a shark can smell its prey from a few football fields away not miles.

    Source: American Museum of Natural History

    MYTH: Bats are blind.

    Being “blind as a bat” means not being blind at all.

    While many use echolocation to navigate, all of them can see.

    Source: USA Today

    MYTH: Goldfish can’t remember anything for longer than a second.

    MYTH: Goldfish can't remember anything for longer than a second.

    Flickr user riviera2008

    Goldfish actually have pretty good memories.

    They can remember things for months, not seconds like many people say.

    Source: ABC News

    MYTH: Giraffes sleep for only 30 minutes a day.

    MYTH: Giraffes sleep for only 30 minutes a day.

    Wikimedia Commons

    Giraffes have fairly typical sleeping patterns.

    To debunk this one, researchers closely monitored a herd of five adult and three young giraffes for 152 days, counting all of their naps and deep sleeps.

    The animals typically slept overnight and napped in the afternoon (sound familiar?).

    In total, each giraffe slept about 4.6 hours every day.

    Source: European Sleep Research Society

    MYTH: Sharks die if they stop swimming.

    MYTH: Sharks die if they stop swimming.

    Elias Levy/Flickr

    You often hear sharks can breathe only when swimming pushes water over their gills.

    That’s true of some sharks, but many others like bottom-dwelling nurse sharks can pump oxygen-rich water over their gills without swimming.

    All sharks lack swim bladders, however, so if they stop swimming they will sink to the bottom. Luckily a shark’s body is incompressible and rapid descents or ascents don’t harm them.

    Source: American Museum of Natural History

    MYTH: Poinsettias contain deadly poison.

    Poinsettias won’t kill you or your pets, though you still shouldn’t eat them.

    The flowers might make you a bit sick with some gastrointestinal issues.

    Source: The New York Botanical Garden

    MYTH: Humans got HIV because someone had sex with a monkey.

    MYTH: Humans got HIV because someone had sex with a monkey.

    flickr user: kvn.jns

    HIV probably didn’t jump to humans through human-monkey sex.

    It probably jumped to humans through hunting of monkeys for bushmeat food, which led to blood-to-blood contact.

    Source: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives In Medicine

    MYTH: Dropping a penny from the Empire State building could kill someone.

    MYTH: Dropping a penny from the Empire State building could kill someone.

    Flickr user Charles 16e

    Dropping a penny from the Empire State building is very unlikely to maimanyone.

    A penny weighs roughly 1/11th of an ounce and tops out at 50 mph in freefall, which isn’t fast enough to kill. It’d hurt like heck, though.

    Sources: Today I Found Out, US Mint

    MYTH: The great wall of China is the only man-made structure visible from space.

    The Great Wall of China isn’t the only man-made structure visible from space. It all depends on where you believe space begins above Earth.

    From the International Space Station 250 miles up, you can see the wall and many other man-made structures. From the moon, you can’t see any structures at all only a dim glow of city lights.

    Source: NASA

    MYTH: The moon’s gravity pulling on water causes the tides.

    MYTH: The moon's gravity pulling on water causes the tides.


    This is only half true.

    On the side of Earth that’s facing the moon, the moon’s gravity does indeed pull water toward it to cause tides.

    On the other side of Earth, however, gravity is weaker (from the moon’s pull on the other side) and it’s the inertia of water from the Earth’s rotation at work: spinning at about 1,040 mph flings ocean water into a slight bulge we recognize as the tide.

    Sources: NOAA, NASA

    MYTH: Lightning never strikes the same place twice.

    Lightning does strike twice.

    Some places, like the Empire State Building, get struck up to 100 times a year.

    Source: WeatherBug

    MYTH: The Earth is a perfect sphere.

    The Earth rotates at about 1,040 mph. That’s about 60% the speed of your typical bullet after it shoots out of the muzzle.

    This inertia slightly flattens the planet’s poles and causes a bulge of rock around the equator.

    Due to global warming and the melting of glaciers (and less weight pushing down on the crust), scientists think that bulge is now growing.

    Sources: StarrySkies.com, MythBusters the Exhibition

    MYTH: Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth.

    MYTH: Mount Everest is the tallest mountain on Earth.

    Mauna Kea.Creative Commons

    The world’s tallest mountain technically is not Mount Everest.

    Mount Everest is the tallest mountain above sea level, but if we’re talking mountain base-to-summit height, then the tallest is the island of Hawaii that peaks as Mauna Kea.

    Everest stands 29,035 feet above sea level. Mauna Kea only stands 13,796 feet above seal level, but the mountain extends about 19,700 feet below the Pacific Ocean. Over half of it is submerged.

    That puts the total height of Mauna Kea at about 33,500 feet nearly a mile taller than Everest.

    Source: Tech Insider

    MYTH: Water conducts electricity.

    MYTH: Water conducts electricity.

    flickr user: elitatt

    Pure or distilled water doesn’t conduct electricity well at all.

    The reason we can get shocked when standing in electrified water is because water we come across will be contaminated by minerals, dirt, and other things that will conduct electricity.

    Source: USGS

    MYTH: There was a global warming pause.

    MYTH: There was a global warming pause.

    NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio

    Earth’s average surface temperature hasn’t really budged since the start of the 21st century, but 70% of the planet is covered in water and that’s where 90% of heat trapped by global warming ends up.

    In fact, warming of the oceans has caused them to thermally expand, creating a huge share of the sea level rise that scientists see today.

    Sources: Scientific American/Climate Wire, Tech Insider

    MYTH: Tectonic plates move because volcanism pushes them apart.

    MYTH: Tectonic plates move because volcanism pushes them apart.


    Older edges of a tectonic plate are cooler and denser, causing them to sink into the mantle where they’re recycled. Where two plates are being yanked apart by this sinking, ocean ridges appear.

    That’s where the tectonic plate is being built by hot, buoyant rock that convects upward and emerges from the stretched-out weak point. The resulting volcanism isn’t what pulls two plates apart.

    Source: USGS

    MYTH: The Sahara is the biggest desert on Earth.

    Not all deserts are hot and full of sand. They need only be dry and inhospitable.

    Antarctica fits the bill, since it receives only two inches of precipitation a year and has few land animals.

    At 5.4 million square miles compared to the Sahara’s 3.6 million square miles, the Bottom of the World is a vastly larger desert.

    Sourcse: USGS (1, 2), NASA, Encyclopedia of Earth (1, 2)

    MYTH: Diamonds come from coal.

    Most diamonds aren’t formed from compressed coal.

    Instead, they’re carbon that is compressed and heated 90 miles below the surface of the Earth. Coal is found about 2 miles down.

    Source: Geology.com

    MYTH: People in the Middle Ages thought the Earth was flat.

    MYTH: People in the Middle Ages thought the Earth was flat.


    During the early Middle Ages, almost every scholar thought the Earth was round, not flat.

    This myth picked up steam in the 1800s, right around the same time the idea of evolution was rising in prominence and religious and scientific interests clashed.

    Sources: Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, Patheos

    MYTH: Summer is warm because you are closer to the sun.

    MYTH: Summer is warm because you are closer to the sun.

    Flickr/Gilberto Filho

    The northern hemisphere of the Earth is not closer to the sun when it is summer, nor is the southern hemisphere during its summer.

    It is always warmer during the summer because Earth is tilted; during its year-long orbit, our home planet’s tilt allows the sun’s energy to hit us more directly.

    Source: NASA

    MYTH: Lightning causes thunder.

    A scientific and philosophical nitpick here, but lightning is just a stream of electrons zapping from cloud to cloud or ground to cloud. This in turn heats air into a tube of plasma that’s three times hotter than the surface of our sun.

    That tube violently expands and contracts nearby air, creating an unmistakable crack and rumble not the flow of electrons itself.

    Source: Scientific American

    MYTH: Your blood turns blue when it’s out of oxygen.

    Your blood is never blue: It turns dark red when it’s not carrying oxygen.

    Blood only looks blue because you are seeing it through several layers of tissue, which filters the color.

    Source: UCSB ScienceLine

    MYTH: Every gene in your DNA codes for exactly one protein.

    One gene does not equal one protein.

    Many genes make multiple different proteins, depending on how the mRNA from the gene is sequenced and cut up in the cell. And many other genes don’t make proteins at all.

    Source: Annual Reviews Of Biochemistry

    MYTH: Humans have five senses.

    Sight, smell, taste, hearing, and touch are just the beginning.

    Don’t forget about balance, temperature, and time, as well as proprioception the body awareness that helps us not walk into things all the time and nociception, our sense of pain.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: The hymen is a sheet of tissue that blocks a women’s vagina.

    MYTH: The hymen is a sheet of tissue that blocks a women's vagina.

    Flickr / CarbonNYC


    Guys, the hymen is a thin membrane that only partially blocks the vaginal opening if a woman is born with one at all.

    Also, plenty of activities other than sex can stretch or damage the hymen, including exercise or inserting a tampon.

    Sources: Columbia University, College Humor

    MYTH: Eating a lot of carrots gives you great night vision.

    MYTH: Eating a lot of carrots gives you great night vision.

    MissMessie/Flickr (CC BY-SA 2.0)

    Vitamin A is a major nutrient found in carrots, and it is good for the health of your eyes especially those with poor vision. But eating a bunch of the vegetables won’t give your all-seeing superpowers.

    The myth is thought to have started during as a piece of British propaganda during World War II. That government wanted to secret the existence of a radar technology that allowed its bomber pilots to attack in the night.

    Source: Smithsonian Magazine

    MYTH: Blonde and red hair colors are going extinct.

    MYTH: Blonde and red hair colors are going extinct.

    flickr user: e3000

    Blondes and redheads are not “going extinct.”

    Genes rarely die out, and recessive genes, like those that lead to red or blonde hair color, can be carried from generation to generation without creating the hair color. (As much as 40% of some populations, for example, carry a gene that leads to red hair color.)

    When two people with the correct recessive genes have a baby, there’s a good chance the kid will have red or blonde hair color even if the parents don’t have red or blonde hair themselves.

    Sources: John McDonald/University of Delaware, BritainsDNA

    MYTH: Pregnancy gives you “baby brain” and makes you dumb.

    MYTH: Pregnancy gives you "baby brain" and makes you dumb.

    Flickr / Frank de Kleine

    Studies on this turn up mixed results, at best.

    Some studies on changes to working memory during pregnancy do show a small effect on the brain, though other studies show no negative impacts whatsoever.

    There’s actually growing evidence that being pregnant makes women more organized and smarter, at least, according to a study on rats.

    It makes sense, though, since pregnant women and new mothers have a lot more to worry about and think about for their brains to keep up they may even be getting a boost.

    Sources: Dr. Myra Wick/Mayo Clinic, New Scientist

    MYTH: Hair and nails keep growing after death.

    Hair and fingernails do not keep growing once someone dies.

    Instead, the skin dries out and shrinks, giving the appearance of further growth.

    Sources: Lecture Notes: Dermatology, Tech Insider

    MYTH: Humans can’t grow new brain cells.

    You are not born with all of the brain cells you will ever have.

    There is plenty of evidence that the brain continues to produce new cells in at least a few brain regions well into adulthood, through a process called neurogenesis.

    Source: The Scientist

    MYTH: Some people have photographic memories.

    MYTH: Some people have photographic memories.

    flicker user: slalit

    There’s actually no such thing as a “photographic” memory only very good memories.

    Even people with exceptional or autobiographic memories don’t recall events with visual details precise enough to mimic the fidelity of film or a camera sensor.

    Source: Moments of Science

    MYTH: People only use 10% of their brain.

    This myth has been debunked over and over again, but it just won’t die.

    Just because you’re not doing math equations and juggling while you write a sonnet doesn’t mean you aren’t using all the parts of your brain at once.

    You can use your entire brain, and you do the brain is 3% of the body’s mass but uses 20% of its energy.

    Source: Scientific American

    MYTH: “Left-brained” people are creative. “Right-brained” people are analytical.

    MYTH: "Left-brained" people are creative. "Right-brained" people are analytical.

    Flickr / Shaheen Lakhan

    It’s a common old canard: Creative people are right-brained, while the logically-minded are left-brained. False.

    It’s true that different hemispheres of your brain are more engaged in certain tasks (the left side is dominant in language, for example), but studies have never found overall left- or right-brain dominance in individuals.

    Sources: Business Insider, Psychology Today

    MYTH: The bigger your brain is, the smarter you are.

    Sperm whales have the largest brain of all animals significantly larger than a human’s but they aren’t the smartest creature on Earth.

    Humans don’t even have a particularly impressive brain-to-body-mass ratio.

    The winner in that category among mammals is the humble tree shrew, though that’s largely because its body is so tiny.

    Sources: Business Insider, Scientific American, Washington University

    MYTH: It takes 7 years for gum to digest if you swallow it.

    MYTH: It takes 7 years for gum to digest if you swallow it.

    flickr user: sembrandogirasoles


    Gum is mostly indigestible, but the occasional swallowed piece will pass through your intestines and exit the other side, just like anything else you eat that your body doesn’t need and can’t digest.

    The only cases where swallowed gum has caused a problem is when that gum is swallowed along with other things that shouldn’t be in your stomach.

    Scientific American cites a case where a 4-year-old girl suffered a gastrointestinal blockage from a wad of gum with four coins inside of it.

    Sources: Business Insider, Scientific American

    MYTH: Your microwave can give you cancer and disrupt your pacemaker.

    MYTH: Your microwave can give you cancer and disrupt your pacemaker.


    Microwave radiation won’t cause cancer, it just heats food up.

    Only a few types of radiation cause cancer, and these depend on the dose. Radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer, for example, but just enough helps your body make Vitamin D, too.

    Microwaves also won’t disrupt apacemaker. However, things like anti-theft systems, metal detectors, powerful refrigerator magnets, mobile phones, and even headphones can mess with the heartbeat-keeping devices.

    Sources: Cancer Research UK, American Heart Association

    MYTH: Shaving makes your hair grow back thicker.

    MYTH: Shaving makes your hair grow back thicker.


    Shaving your hair doesn’t make it thicker, it just makes it feel coarser for a time.

    That’s because the ends of the hairs are sharp and stubbly instead of smooth.

    Source: Mayo Clinic

    6 Hour Binaural Beats Sexuality: Female Sex Drive, Boost Libido, Sleep Meditation Music 382

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