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AIDoc Medical raises $7M to bring AI to medical imaging analysis

We are probably still quite some way off from seeing Artificial Intelligence (AI) replace doctors, but there are already lots of proven use-cases where AI is being used to augment the medical profession. One proven area is in medical imaging where AI and computer vision is helping with medical scan and imaging analysis to help support radiologists and other clinicians.

One startup operating in this space is AIdoc Medical. The company has built what co-founder and CEO Elad Walach describes as an AI that can spot visual abnormalities in medical scans. The technology is designed to fit into a radiologists existing workflow to help make their job more efficient.

Over the past few years, the amount of CT and MRI exams have increased dramatically, while the amount of radiologists have remained basically the same. This has led to medical image interpretation becoming a severe bottleneck in healthcare today, he tells me. We support the radiologists in this process. They are working extremely hard to handle the increasing demands, but theres a limit to how much you can do with tools that are completely manual.

The Israeli startups solution is an AI system that can look at an anatomical area and detect high-level visual abnormalities, based on what the radiologist would like to see. Then, we augment the radiologists workflow, by giving the physician a preview of what is most relevant for interpretation, explains Walach.

In terms of competitors, the AIdoc Medical CEO cites IBM Watson Health as its biggest, but says while the company is doing amazing things, its modus operandi is different. IBM want to do the whole differential diagnosis, i.e. the interpretation process from end-to-end. To do that, you have to focus on a narrow pathology set, he says.

In comparison, AIDoc Medicals go-to-market approach is to offer something more basic but broad. We understood that to really make a difference we cannot suffice in one or two pathologies. We have to be much more comprehensive than that [and have] developed a new kind of deep learning technology that can detect high-level abnormalities.

Another company in the space is Zebra Medical Vision, which, says Walach, is mostly focused on retrospective analysis of incidental findings. i.e. helping insurance companies detect abnormal patients that might need additional treatment after the fact.

Ive also previously covered MedyMatch, a startup applying deep vision and advanced cognitive analytics to the analysis of medical imaging scans but focussing on the correct and speedy diagnosis of stroke victims.

Meanwhile, AIDoc Medical has closed a $7 million funding round led by Israeli VC TLV Partners, with participation from previous investors including Magma Ventures and Emerge. The startup plans to use the new capital to expand its core R&D team, customer success, and marketing teams both in the U.S. and in Israel.

Advancements in AI by leading technology companies, the open sourcing of AI technology, the decrease in the price of compute power and the availability of digital data has set the scene for significant innovation through AI across several traditional industries, said Rona Segev, Co-Founding Partner of TLV Partners. We are happy to join Elad, Michael and Guy on their journey to capture the very large medical image diagnosis market.

Read more: https://techcrunch.com/2017/04/26/aidoc-medical/

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Science Says Your Fuckboy’s Dirty Dick Is Giving You UTIs

Girls rule, boys drool is a mantra close to every betchs heart, but apparently, the adult version should be amended to girls rule, boys need to learn the basic rules of hygiene. Do you think men even realize what a privilege it is that we let them stick various parts of their bodies inside us? Because a new study says that having sex without a condom can fuck up (pun intended) the delicate balance of your vagina, so the simple act of hooking up means youre pretty much destined for a UTI/yeast infection/some other kind of undesirable, itchy weirdness. Is there no justice in the world?

News flash: In case you didnt already know, your vagine is home to all kinds of bacteria. As long as theyre in balance, theyre like the roommates that clean up after your drunk self wreaks havoc on the kitchen every weekend. You give them a place to stay, and in exchange they make sure that place is in platinum condition. The only problem is that everyones bacterial colony is different, and theyre super easily disrupted by stuff like your diet and, apparently, P-in-V sex.

In the study, a bunch of researchers from Melbourne Sexual Health Center in Australia spent a year checking up on the bacteria shacking up in 52 young womens vaginas. For 12 months, these unfortunate women had to swab their own lady bits at regular intervals and keep a record of their sex livesstuff like whether they used a condom and what kind of sex they were having. Basically, it was the kind of information you used to write about in the diary you totally didnt keep in high school, but with the knowledge that an entire team of scientists were going to be reading it, so 10 times as awkward.

After researchers were done judging the volunteers sex lives compiling data, they compared the sexual diaries with womens vaginal bacteria, and if youre even slightly OCD, you might want to stop reading now. Usually, vaginas are dominated by one particular strain of bacteria, but according to the study, women who had unprotected penetrative sex were way more likely to have two different kinds of bacteria chilling in their vag. Virgins who couldnt drive got laid for the first time during the study also tended to pick up a second strain after they started having sex.

The scientific conclusion was that non-pathogenic bacteria can be passed around like an STD. The not-so-scientific conclusion is that dicks are kind of disgusting. Actually, I guess vaginas are too when you think about it. Why do we have sex again?

Anyway, as if all this wasnt uncomfortable enough, having two strains of vaginal bacteria is a bad sign. Imbalanced vaginal microbiomes (check out that SAT word) are linked to bacterial vaginosis, an increased risk for STDs, and other less-than-fun health issues. According to past research, penetrative sex is pretty much a one-way ticket to Imbalanceville.

The good news is that this applies to unprotected sex, so if youre on month three of a never-ending yeast infection, you can try SHOULD DEFINITELY BE using condoms with new partners to let your shit return to normal. If youre hooking up with the same dude regularly, researchers say your vagina should adapt to his personal bacterial combo eventually, so you can just wait it outbut honestly, given the current political climate you shouldn’t take any chances and should use a condom anyway. Here, everybody take some rubbers. Also, pro tip: IDGAF if they say they’re in the middle of a backpacking trip to “find themselves,” have some self-respect and don’t hook up with men unless they understand basic hygiene.

In the meantime, stock up on cranberry juice and try not to think about any of this too closely next time you have sex. 

Read more: http://www.betches.com/sex-without-condoms-leads-to-utis-bv

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‘Girls’ And The Power Of Hannah Horvath’s Vagina

I dont know when my vagina and my butthole are going to feel like two separate entities again, but Im really looking forward to that. So opines Hannah Horvath to her mother while naked in the bath after having her son Grover. And while the Girls finale skips the visuals of Grovers actual birth in favor of flashing forward five months later, the audience is not left in the dark about baby Grovers delivery.

Hannah had a vaginal birth.

The episode nods to the myriad ways that mothers are shamed for the choices they make, but the Girls finale nonetheless addresses what for me is The Big Question: the ambiguity of Grovers arrival. Id be chasing you too, if my vagina wasnt so busted from having a baby! screams Hannah sans pants, naturally and we remember why in six years we have rarely been surprised by Hannahs vagina.

In a show that has exposed (often literally) the ways that women are caged by social convention, mention of Hannahs vaginal delivery is a very Girls-eque retort (being both puissant and pussy-centered) to the normalization of surgical delivery. Today, nearly one in three women delivers via cesarean section, making c-section the most common surgery performed in the U.S. And yet, women who deliver surgically have higher rates of risk, a longer period of recovery, and a bigger hospital bill. We would be joining the World Health Organization, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and other illustrious company in asking why U.S. women today are finding appeal in (or, at minimum, a lower level of resistance to) cesarean delivery despite the dangers it poses?

My research suggests that those same social conventions into which Girls has always swung a pickaxe in hopes of exploration and excavation may help in understanding why cesarean delivery has become such a jewel in the crown of todays medicalized birth culture. Weve long known that birth is not merely a physiological event, and I join quite a list of sociologists who have demonstrated that culture shapes childbirth in some remarkable ways. This isnt to suggest that childbirth practices are somehow immune from the ever-shifting winds of insurance protocol and hospital policy, nor the punishing medico-legal environment that mars our approach to medicine. But I do wonder if there is some small sociological seam that has, as of yet, remained largely unexplored?

The question to which I keep returning is: Does growing up in our culture somehow prime women for surgical delivery? Do those early, fraught, body experiences (is it alarming that half of normal weight teenage girls see themselves as fat?) slowly accrete into something more sinister? Does growing up in our society mean that a woman comes to know her body as a nemesis, a foe? And does any of this body anxiety follow women into the delivery room to contour their experience of childbirth?

And, since were being ominous, I wonder sometimes too if the tyrannical norms of femininity also slip in through the hospital door. Does a lifetime of being good of being a girl shape a womans response to her doctor when s/he says its time for a cesarean? Because the last 20 years have seen cesarean delivery rise 53 percent, and now even doctors are asking why women go along with this stuff?

I wonder if, in Hannahs vaginal delivery, Girls may have offered a possible anti-answer to that very question. Hannah was many things, but in her lack of body shame she was always an incongruous icon of femininity. As with so many things Girls over the past six years, I wonder if Hannah Horvath and her vagina have in some small way changed what it means to birth like a girl.

Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/girls-and-the-power-of-hannahs-vagina_us_58f8744de4b081380af518fc

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Why drinking too much doesn’t have to leave permanent damage

As you get older, the damage you inflict on your body often feels permanent. But in many cases, your ailing body can help to heal itself with a little help from you. Heres how to turn back the clock. 

Regenerate your liver
The liver, your bodys main detoxifying organ, is also the most naturally regenerative organ, says Robert C. Huebert, a Mayo Clinic gastroenterologist who specializes in liver transplants. Humans can tolerate a 70 percent recession of liver and the liver will [still grow back].

5 UNEXPECTED BENEFITS OF DRINKING YOU NEVER KNEW

Thats good liver news for those who occasionally indulge in a night of binge drinking. (Consistent over-drinking, of course, can result in cirrhosis or fatty liver disease, both of which cause permanent damage.)

Sugar can exacerbate liver damage, even causing whats called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Bridget Murphy, a registered dietitian at NYU Langone Medical Center, advises cutting back on soda, juice and anything else that packs an overly sweet punch.

Rewire your brain
Research shows that the brain can sometimes rewire itself through the relearning of functions, and the growth and development of stem cells.

[In the case of a] mild brain injury, such as a concussion, most can recover fully, says Barry Jordan, assistant medical director of neurorehabilitation at Burke Rehabilitation Hospital in White Plains, NY. More serious brain injuries are dependent on variables like age, he says, noting those under 50 have a better chance of bouncing back.

HOW SIPPING WINE COULD BOOST YOUR BRAIN HEALTH

Some studies indicate that certain foods can help boost the brain.

With ADHD, omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to fix neurological misfires, says Murphy. The question is, how can it help with Alzheimers, or brain injuries? She suggests adding fatty fish, walnuts and antioxidant-rich foods like blueberries to your diet.

Work on your lungs 
Theres good but cautious news when it comes to lung damage, long believed to be permanent. Some studies have shown the potential for lung-cell regeneration in a lab setting. What this means for future treatment is unclear, however.

For now, damage to lung tissue from smoking is indeed permanent, says Humberto Choi, staff pulmonologist at Cleveland Clinic. But quitting can lead to other benefits including a lowered risk of cancer.

[Coughing] and acute inflammation stop quickly, within days or weeks, and the risk of lung cancer decreases overtime, says Choi. After 10 years, he says, the risk drops to roughly 50 percent of that of a continued smoker. The bodys ability to circulate oxygen also improves.

5 REASONS TO CUT SUGAR FROM YOUR DIET

Some foods can help fight lung dryness and inflammation, says Murphy, who suggests consuming healthy fats, particularly those rich in medium-chain triglycerides, such as coconut oil.

Keep your heart strong
Approximately 15.5 million Americans have one or more types of cardiovascular disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. While much of the damage is irreversible, the muscle can be strengthened to prevent future troubles.

Exercise, diet change and lifestyle change are the three pillars to good heart health, says Richard Novitch, director of the cardiopulmonary rehabilitation program at Burke Hospital. Exercise is the most important, as it lowers cholesterol and blood pressure, and can cause new blood vessels to form. The strain on the heart can lessen, and the heart can remodel itself over time, he says, referring to the arteries ability to reshape themselves to a natural, healthy state.

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Diet changes should include decreasing saturated fats, increasing unsaturated fats, and increasing fiber, says Murphy. Try adding chia seeds or flax meal to your breakfast for both healthy fat and fiber.

First published on the New York Post.

Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/lifestyle/2017/04/11/why-drinking-too-much-doesnt-have-to-leave-permanent-damage.html

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Plain cigarette packaging could drive 300,000 Britons to quit smoking

Review by research organisation Cochrane suggests impact of UKs ban on branded packs could echo results seen in Australia

Plain cigarette cartons featuring large, graphic health warnings could persuade 300,000 people in the UK to quit smoking if the measure has the effect it had in Australia, scientists say.

Standardised cigarette packaging will be compulsory in the UK from 20 May. A new review from the independent health research organisation Cochrane on the impact of plain packaging around the world has found that it does affect the behaviour of smokers.

In the UK, the tobacco industry has become increasingly innovative in the design of cigarette packets as other controls on sales and advertising have taken hold, according to Ann McNeill, professor of tobacco addiction at Kings College London. The tobacco industry has been focusing its efforts on the tobacco packs, she said.

Among those that will be banned are vibrant pink packets, targeted at young women, and gimmicky cartons that slide rather than flip open. The rules that come into force next month require all packs to look alike, with graphic health warnings across 65% of their surface.

The Cochrane reviewers found 51 studies that looked at standardised packaging and its impact on smokers, but only one country had implemented the rule fully at the time. Australia brought in plain packs in 2012.

Analysing the evidence from Australia, the team found a reduction in smoking of 0.5% up to one year after the policy was introduced. According to the Australian government, that translates to 100,000 people no longer smoking. The decline was attributable specifically to plain packaging, after taking into account the continuing drop in the numbers of smokers caused by other tobacco control measures.

Dr Jamie Hartmann-Boyce of the Cochrane tobacco addiction group at Oxford Universitys Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences said: We are not able to say for sure what the impact would be in the UK, but if the same magnitude of decrease was seen in the UK as was observed in Australia, this would translate to roughly 300,000 fewer smokers following the implementation of standardised packaging.

The review found signs that more people were trying to quit smoking as a result of plain cartons, rising from 20.2% before to 26.6% after introduction. There was also evidence that standardised packs were less attractive to those who did not smoke, making it less likely that they would start.

However, the researchers say variations in the way countries are introducing standardised packs may affect the outcomes. Some allow different colours, slightly different carton shapes and the use of descriptive words such as gold or smooth.

Cancer Research UK backs plain packaging. Smoking kills 100,000 people in the UK every year, so we support any effective measure which can help reduce this devastating impact. The evidence shows that standardised packaging works and helps to reduce smoking rates, said George Butterworth, the charitys tobacco policy manager.

Its too soon to see the impact in the UK, as the new legislation will only be fully implemented in May, but we hope to see similar positive results as the UK strives towards a day when no child smokes tobacco. Cancer Research UK is continuing to evaluate the impact of standardised packaging in the UK and will share the lessons with other countries who are considering introducing them.

Simon Clark, director of the smokers group Forest, said the idea that plain packaging would have an impact on the number of smokers in the UK was based on hope and anecdotal evidence.

Since plain packaging was introduced in Australia, smoking rates have fallen, but only in line with historical trends, he said. Its grasping at straws to credit plain packaging with the continued reduction in smoking rates, because the most significant anti-smoking measure in recent years in Australia has been a massive increase in tobacco taxation. Like graphic health warnings, the novelty of plain packaging quickly wears off.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/apr/27/plain-cigarette-packaging-could-drive-300000-britons-to-quit-smoking

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The burger of the future comes from crickets, not cows

Agriculture has come a long way in the past century. We produce more food than ever before — but our current model is unsustainable, and as the world’s population rapidly approaches the 8 billion mark, modern food production methods will need a radical transformation if they’re going to keep up. But luckily, there’s a range of new technologies that might make it possible. In this series, we’ll explore some of the innovative new solutions that farmers, scientists, and entrepreneurs are working on to make sure that nobody goes hungry in our increasingly crowded world.

Across the world, it’s not uncommon for human beings to practice entomophagy — the consumption of insects — without a second thought. In fact, insects are often considered a delicacy in certain cultures. From the chapulines (toasted grasshoppers) of Mexico to the fried tarantulas of Cambodia, bugs regularly find their way into our bellies — without the accompaniment of braggadocious Instagram posts — “#OMG# I can’t believe I’m eating this!”

In much of Europe and North America, though, we don’t like to eat things with more than four legs. Insects are considered to be gross — not just because they live between bedsprings and below floorboards, but because of their crunchy texture and their villainous perception. Ask the next person you speak to their opinion on eating bugs, and you’re likely to receive an expression that’s a combination of disgust and incredulity.

The thing is, sooner than later, we may not have much of a choice. As the population grows, so does our need for food sources with manageable environmental footprints. Traditional livestock operations simply can’t scale to meet the demands of an eventual 9 billion meat-eating humans without wreaking havoc on the environment. Adding insects to our diets could help us avoid stressing our already overburdened food system.

Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/tech/2017/04/26/burger-future-comes-from-crickets-not-cows.html

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Two-thirds of people in Mexico, Chile and Ecuador are obese, UN finds

Study calls epidemic frightening and finds that overnutrition and sedentary lifestyles are costing countries tens of billions of dollars every year

More than two-thirds of people living in Mexico, Chile and Ecuador are overweight or obese, costing their economies tens of billions of dollars every year, driving rates of disease and straining health services, according to a new UN report.

While the number of hungry people in Latin America and the Caribbean has halved in the past 25 years, the region is now struggling to combat an obesity epidemic.

Changing diets, including more processed food that are high in salt, sugar and fat, along with more sedentary lifestyles have triggered a rising tide of obesity, experts say.

The implications for the future of countries are frightening … undernutrition is declining, but overnutrition is expected to become the largest social and economic burden in the region, the UN World Food Programme (WFP) said in a statement.

The report by the WFP and the UNs Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), said over the next six decades people being overweight and obese would cost Mexico an estimated $13bn a year, Ecuador $3bn and Chile $1bn.

Undernutrition, when people do not get enough food, and obesity itself a form of malnutrition are two sides of the same coin, and together they inflict a so-called double burden of disease on people and economies, the report said.

Undernutrition impairs child growth and brain development, while obesity can led to type 2 diabetes, cancer and heart disease.

We now witness a worrying trend among vulnerable communities with cases of undernourishment and overweight simultaneously within the same families, said Miguel Barreto, WFPs regional director said in a statement.

Both undernourishment and overweight represent a serious burden for the health of those families, that eventually translates into losses in productivity, and in pressure on the health and education systems in the country where they live.

According to the World Health Organisation, obesity is an epidemic worldwide, killing 2.8 million adults every year, and obesity-related conditions now cause more deaths than hunger.

In Latin America, obesity is increasingly affecting the regions poor, particularly women.

In Mexico, a country that faces one of the worlds most acute obesity crisis, 74% of women are obese or overweight compared with 70% of men, the report said.

The report urged food companies to play a greater role in combating obesity.

The food industry has the opportunity to ensure the production, availability and accessibility of healthier food products, it said.

Governments should also do more to promote exercise and health eating and place greater controls on food labelling.

The report noted Chiles efforts to combat obesity, including an 18% tax on sugary drinks introduced in 2014 one of the worlds highest along with laws that restrict the advertising of unhealthy foods targeting children.

In 2014, Mexico also introduced a 10% tax on fizzy drinks, and 2016 research by the British Medical Journal found that the sugar tax led to as much as a 12% reduction in sales during the first year it was implemented.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/apr/25/obesity-epidemic-latin-america-mexico-chile-ecuador-un-report

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Dolphin Sex Is Surprisingly Convoluted

Despite having some of the largest sex organs on the planet, we know surprisingly little about the intimate moments of whales and dolphins. It turns out that the sex lives of cetaceans areamazingly complex, involving almost permanently erect penises and vaginas that have evolved tothwartthem.

You might think that the logistics of dolphin sex is fairly straightforward, with the males inserting their penis into the females’ vagina. But as it turns out, this isnt necessarily the case. One researcher, Dara Orbach, has made it her mission to understand exactly how the two organs interact, and has discoveredsome surprising aspects about cetacean copulation.

While it may seem intuitive that the penis fits well into the vagina during copulation, the biomechanics and details of the anatomical fit can be quite complex and have seldom been explored, saysOrbach, who is presenting her findings at the Experimental Biology 2017 meeting, in a statement. Whales, dolphins and porpoises have unusual vaginal folds, spirals and recesses that the penis and sperm must navigate through to successfully fertilize the egg.

To investigate in detail the inner workings of dolphin and porpoise vaginas and penises, Orbach and her colleagues have been collecting the organs from cetaceans that have washed up on US beaches. When they receive a vagina, they then takeextensive measurements of the organ, including all the flaps and folds present, before making a cast in silicon.

The penises, however, receive a slightly different treatment. These are physically inflated to their fully erect size using salt water, before being fixed in position using water, methanol, and gas formaldehyde. They then take the vaginas and erect penises and fit them together not unlike a cetacean sex jigsaw. From this, the two organs are then once again fixed in place and imaged in three dimensions.

This slightly bizarre but novel technique allows the researchers to explore exactly how the two organs fit together and interact, and it’s in no way as simple as you might expect. The dolphin vagina is full of flaps, folds, and dead ends that they suspect act likea gauntlet for the male dolphin’s sperm, as it has to wheedle its way through to find the egg to fertilize.

By studying how the genitals differ from species to species and how the organs interact, they hope to uncover some of the evolutionary driving forces behind copulation. This is particularly interesting in cetaceans, as they have tomaneuver themselves in three dimensions, while at the same time prevent sea water from seeping into any openings.

But they also hope that their findings might have conservation applications, particularly in the captive breeding arena.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/dolphin-sex-is-surprisingly-convoluted/

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Man, 95, who bludgeoned wife in ‘mercy killing’ bid gets suspended sentence

Judge tells Denver Beddows he will not be jailed so as not to prolong his agony after acceding to wifes requests to take her life

A great-grandfather who attempted to murder his wife in an act of mercy after she repeatedly begged him to end her life has been spared jail.

Denver Charles Beddows, 95, attempted to kill his wife of 65 years, who he described as the most beautiful woman in the world, with a lump hammer and ceramic pan.

Beddows, who ran a car body repair businesses for 40 years, carried out the act at the couples home in Warrington after his 88-year-old wife, Olive, pleaded with him to end her life so that she would not die in a care home.

Liverpool crown court heard that the fiercely independent couple had a perfect and happy marriage but both their physical and mental health suffered after Olive Beddows was involved in a car accident around nine months before the attack.

In the weeks preceding the incident the couples family said she had become increasingly anxious and had to be prescribed medication after her mental health was described as fragile.

Anya Horwood, prosecuting, said: She became increasingly apprehensive and claimed they are coming to get me. It would appear that the additional care required for Mrs Beddows was placing an additional strain on the defendant who resolutely refused the assistance of social services.

On the evening of 3 February the couples son and daughter-in-law went to the Beddows home to help them prepare for bed and found the couple in a confused state.

At 10.15 the next morning Beddows rang his son sounding distressed, and said: Ive tried to kill your mother. Beddows told him he had hit her with a hammer.

Their son, also named Denver, and his wife rushed to the house and found blood in the hallway and broken crockery.

The couple were sitting together on the bathroom floor with Beddows holding his wifes head on a pillow and mumbling in distress.

Olive Beddows was taken to hospital with multiple open skull fractures and injuries to her head and face.

Beddows was confused and shaking, telling police officers: My wife was going mad. I tried to kill her why didnt she die? I went to get the hammer from the garage. I couldnt stab her.

I wanted her to die and I havent managed to and now I have just increased her suffering.

Beddows, who was also taken to hospital, told staff his wife had begged him to kill her because she did not want to go to a hospital.

The pensioner who joined the RAF at 19, has had depression since 1962 and is now suffering from a form of post-traumatic amnesia said he had been working himself up to the attack for days but did not want to kill his wife in her sleep.

He told officers: Then I got to this morning and it was now or never. But I messed it up and she isnt dead. Shes the most beautiful woman in the world and Ive made it worse. I would happily be a murderer please tell me I killed her.

The judge was urged to suspend the inevitable prison sentence describing it as an act of mercy.

Philip Tully, defending, said Olive Beddows had repeatedly asked her husband to end her life, which he had refused to act upon until that day when he was in state of exhaustion and despair in relation to her health and well being.

Judge Clement Goldstone, QC, told Beddows who had been in custody since the incident that he would not be going to jail so as not to prolong your agony.

He said: Although this was a terrible crime the blame which attaches to you for what you did is far outweighed by the tragedy of the situation and the circumstances in which you found yourself.

You hit her out of bed with a pan and then subjected her to a repeated attack with a hammer in a determined effort to end her life for one reason and one reason alone she did not wish to end her days in a home or hospital where she believed that her deteriorating mental health was leading her.

You were under immense pressure in the days leading up to your attempt to kill her and your acts were acts of last resort because you failed to persuade her that she was going nowhere.

He said that he took into account that despite the severity of her injuries Olive Beddows was making a significant recovery, had forgiven her husband and wished to be reunited with him.

That is indeed true love no doubt earned by you over 65 years of devoted and loyal married life described by you as perfect and happy, the judge added.

Beddows, who was wearing a body warmer over his jumper, became visibly emotional during the proceedings, before saying: Thank you sir as he was led from the dock. He had pleaded guilty to attempting to murder his wife at their home in Warrington. He had been in custody since his arrest, having declined to apply for bail. He was given a two-year sentence suspended for two years.

The couples family said in a statement: As a family we are trying to come to terms with the tragic events that took place on 4 February. The last 12 months have been particularly difficult, as we all attempted to cope with mums mental illness, which is still yet to be diagnosed.

At present we are supporting both mum and dad.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/apr/25/denver-beddows-95-mercy-killing

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People whose ‘brain age’ is older than their real age more likely to die early

Scientists at Imperial College London used MRI scans and algorithms to produce computer-generated brain age and spot risk of dying young

Doctors may be able to warn patients if they are at risk of early death by analysing their brains, British scientists have discovered.

Those whose brains appeared older than their true age were more likely to die early and to be in worse physical and mental health, a study by Imperial College London found.

The research found a way of predicting someones brain age that could help to spot those at risk of dying young.

The study, piloted in Scotland, suggests using MRI scans to estimate a persons brain age compared with their real age could also help to spot who might be at increased risk of poor health as they grow older.

By combining MRI scans with machine learning algorithms, a team of neuroscientists trained computers to predict the age of a persons brain based on their volume of brain tissue.

When the technique was tested on a group of older adults in Scotland, they found that the greater the difference between the computer-generated brain age and the persons actual age, the higher their risk of poor mental and physical health and the more likely they were to die before they turned 80.

Those with a brain age older than their real age also had weaker grip, lower lung capacity and slower walking speed.

Researchers say that if the initial findings could be applied to a screening programme, the technique could be used to inform doctors, showing whether or not a patient had a healthy brain age or was above or below the line, similar to how body mass index (BMI) is used. They could then advise patients to change their lifestyle or start a course of treatment.

James Cole, a research associate who led the study, said: People use the age of an organ all the time to talk about health. Smokers are said to have lungs that are 20 years older than they should be, you can even answer online questionnaires about exercise and diet and get a heart age. This technique could eventually be like that.

However, it would need more fine-tuning for accuracy before it could be used in this way, Cole said. At present it has a margin of error of about five years. MRI scans are also currently too expensive to be used as a widespread screening tool but researchers hope that costs will come down in the future.

In the long run it would be great if we could do this accurately enough so that we could do it at an individual level, he said. However, at the moment, its not sufficiently accurate to be used at that sort of individual level.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2017/apr/26/people-whose-brain-age-is-older-than-their-real-age-more-likely-to-die-early