Tackling the canine obesity crisis – BBC News

Image caption Could a genetic mutation explain some dog’s insatiable appetite?

When it comes man’s best friend, science may finally have solved the mystery of their gluttony – some Labradors, it seems, are genetically predisposed to being hungry.

That’s according to scientists who were discussing their ongoing mission to improve our favourite pets’ health at the British Science Association Festival in Brighton this week.

Several research teams in the UK are on a mission to improve canine health.

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have studied the appetite of Britain’s favourite dog breed, and suggest Labradors are genetically at risk of becoming overweight.

Roughly a quarter of British households own a pet dog, and Labrador retrievers remain our most popular canine companion.

However, this stereotypically ‘greedy’ breed often suffer size-related health problems.

Blame the owners?

“Obesity is a serious issue for our dog population,” says Dr Eleanor Raffan from the Wellcome Trust-MRC Institute of Metabolic Science.

“It has the potential to have a massive impact on pet welfare”.

In research supported by the Dogs Trust, Dr Raffan and her colleagues have analysed DNA from the saliva of Labradors across the UK. They found that particularly greedy individuals possess a gene mutation responsible for increasing their appetite.

“We found around a quarter of pet Labradors have at least copy of this mutation in the gene,” Dr Raffan explains. Their increased appetite manifests itself as a “food obsession”, familiar to dog-owners as begging or scavenging for food.

In the past, the onus has been on owners to restrict the diet of their pets to prevent excessive weight gain.

But Dr Raffan’s research suggests the propensity for large appetites, and hence potential obesity, is hardwired into some individuals.

“We hope to shift the paradigm away from owner-blaming” says Dr Raffan. “It’s a bit more nuanced than just owners needing to be careful.”

Freedom from hunger

Dr Raffan cautions against any attempt to breed this “greedy mutation” out of Labrador lines. While it might predispose the dogs to obesity, a strong focus on food may also explain why Labradors are so easy to train and are such loyal human companions.

“If we try to get rid of the mutation, we might find we change the personality of the breed, and that would be a real shame,” she explains.

Yet their results raise an ethical conundrum. Owners and veterinary surgeons are responsible for providing five core so-called freedoms to animals in their care, including freedom from pain and disease, and freedom from hunger.

Obesity is a disease, and negatively impacts upon canine quality of life. “But equally, being hungry is a welfare issue,” says Dr Raffan. “And these dogs are genetically hungry.”

Dr Raffan hopes future research will improve the satiety of their diets, allowing a feeling of ‘fullness’ without the potential for excessive weight gain.

Bearing the weight

Being overweight undoubtedly reduces a dog’s quality of life, and can also affect their ability to cope with arthritis and other underlying joint disorders.

At the University of Liverpool, scientists are using state-of-the-art imaging technology to study diseases affecting the knee joints of Labradors.

Damage to the canine cruciate ligament, similar to the injuries commonly suffered by professional human athletes, is the most common orthopaedic problem seen in veterinary practices. Injury of the knee ligaments is also more common in heavier dog breeds

“We’re trying to understand how the shape of the Labrador body and the way they walk might contribute to knee problems,” says Prof Eithne Comerford, a specialist in musculoskeletal biology.

Using high-speed x-ray cameras, the researchers film their canine patients walking through the lab, and watch their knee bones slide and twist in real-time.

The team hope to understand how walking contributes to the risk of ligament injury and rupture in Labradors, with the ultimate goal of reducing lameness and suffering within the breed.

“This data will also help veterinary surgeons and engineers design better treatments for ligament damage in Labradors, like customised knee implants,” explains biomechanist Dr Karl Bates from the University of Liverpool.

Both research groups rely heavily on the good will of Labrador owners, both for collecting samples and entering their pets into experimental trials.

In addition to tackling diagnosed health issues, researchers hope to change the public’s perception of what “desirable” traits should characterise our favourite breeds.

“There is a real danger when we breed dogs to be cuddlier and cuter,” warns Dr Raffan. “I think people have seen so many overweight Labradors, they start to assume it’s normal”.

Dr Charlotte Brassey is a BBSRC Future Leader Fellow at Manchester Metropolitan University, and British Science Association Media Fellow 2017. Twitter: @cbrassey

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-41161424

8 Foolproof Ways To Still Get Your Protein When You Switch To A Plant-Based Diet

Most, if not all, people who follow a plant-based diet have heard (and are probably sick of) the question, “where do you get your protein?” For those of us who have followed a predominantly traditional western diet for most of our lives, protein is pretty much always associated with animal meat. Subtract chicken and beef from that style of eating, and it can be challenging to fill in the blanks. If you’re wondering how to get protein as a vegan, allow me to count the ways for you.

Contrary to the ridiculous misconception, animal protein is the end-all-be-all when it comes to protein sources for the human body. In fact, most of what you eat contains some form of protein — it just depends whether or not these food items are rich in the macronutrient. For example, one cup of broccoli contains roughly three grams of protein, while one cup of black beans boasts 16 grams.

Plant-based diets can absolutely offer the same vitamins and nutrients as a carnivorous lifestyle. The key is to simply do your food-focused research and implement your findings into everyday meals. Here are just a few foolproof sources of protein that vegans can confidently rely on.

1. Pumpkin Seeds

You’re in luck if you’ve decided to switch to a plant-based diet this season.

Pumpkin seeds are an excellent, quick source of protein you can toss into a baggie and snack on all day long. Half a cup will give you six grams of the macronutrient, so be sure to add at least a handful to homemade trail mix or on top of a salad.

2. Nutritional Yeast

Certain plant-based diets also negate dairy products, which makes nutritional yeast a saving grace for those craving that irresistible cheesy flavor.

Two tablespoons of the yellow flakes contain an impressive nine grams of protein and four grams of fiber. If that isn’t reason enough to buy a bag, you can easily add it to almost any meal or snack.

Personally, I love adding a sprinkle to my pasta, but you can also sneak it into mashed potatoes, tofu scrambles, popcorn, soup, and much more.

3. Lentils

One night, my husband set a bowl of lentils and rice in front of me, and I looked at him as though he had sprouted nine heads. These miniature green pellets could not make a sufficient meal, I thought.

Boy was I wrong. One cup of lentils adds up to 10 grams of protein, and the best part about this legume is that it’s low-cal, high-fiber, and can be molded into burgers, hummus, or even a solo side dish.

4. Edamame

One of the best parts about a plant-based diet is eating food that actually feels good for your body and leaves you feeling satiated. And when it comes to edamame, one cooked cup equals an entire serving.

This midday snack, appetizer, or side dish weighs in at a whopping 18 grams of protein, so eat up if you’re struggling to find consistent sources of protein.

5. Beans

Black, white, red, chickpea — whichever flavor you prefer, beans pack a huge punch of protein, averaging at least seven grams per serving.

If you have digestive issues, you may want to do your research, as they can trigger inflammation in weak stomachs. Otherwise, bean burritos, tacos, dips, and mashes are all delicious, simple ways to up your protein count throughout the day.

6. Nut Butter

Unless you’re eating eggs or protein shakes every morning, I personally think that breakfast is the trickiest time of day to get a decent amount of protein in if you favor carb-heavy options like cereal and toast. Luckily, there’s an incredibly appetizing way around this.

Peanut butter, almond butter, and cashew butters are full of protein and healthy fats. Spread your favorite over toast, in between pancakes, or add a dollop to oatmeal or yogurt for a nutritious boost before the day even starts.

7. Spirulina

Friends, get on that spirulina smoothie trend ASAP.

Plant-based or not, this blue-green algae is one to add to your smoothies, oats, and whatever else you can include it in because two tablespoons of spirulina adds up to eight grams of protein alone.

8. Hemp Seed

I love hemp seeds because of a) their nutty taste and b) the 10 grams of protein found in just two tablespoons.

You can sprinkle a handful into smoothies, oats, yogurt, on a peanut butter and banana sandwich (my personal favorite), or even DIY your own hemp milk for delectable lattes.

Read more: http://elitedaily.com/envision/food/9-foolproof-ways-still-get-protein-switch-plant-based-diet-2/2062441/

Bill Gates and Richard Branson Back Startup That Grows Clean Meat

Cargill Inc., one of the largest global agricultural companies, has joined Bill Gates and other business giants to invest in a nascent technology to make meat from self-producing animal cells amid rising consumer demand for protein that’s less reliant on feed, land and water.

Memphis Meats, which produces beef, chicken and duck directly from animal cells without raising and slaughtering livestock or poultry, raised $17 million from investors including Cargill, Gates and billionaire Richard Branson, according to a statement Tuesday on the San Francisco-based startup’s website. The fundraising round was led by venture-capital firm DFJ, which has previously backed several social-minded retail startups.

"I’m thrilled to have invested in Memphis Meats,” Branson said in an email in response to questions from Bloomberg News. “I believe that in 30 years or so we will no longer need to kill any animals and that all meat will either be clean or plant-based, taste the same and also be much healthier for everyone.”

This is the latest move by an agricultural giant to respond to consumers, especially Millennials, who are rapidly leaving their mark on the U.S. food world. That’s happening through surging demand for organic products, increasing focus on food that’s considered sustainable and greater attention on animal treatment. Big poultry and livestock processors have started to take up alternatives to traditional meat.

“The world loves to eat meat, and it is core to many of our cultures and traditions,” Uma Valeti, co-founder and chief executive officer of Memphis Meats, said in the statement. “The way conventional meat is produced today creates challenges for the environment, animal welfare and human health. These are problems that everyone wants to solve.”

‘Clean Meat’

To date, Memphis Meats has raised $22 million, signaling a commitment to the “clean-meat movement,” the company said.

Cargill has “taken an equity position in Memphis Meats’ first series of funding,” Sonya Roberts, the president of growth ventures at Cargill Protein, said in an email, without disclosing the investment amount.

“Our equity position with Memphis Meats gives Cargill entry into the cultured protein market and allows us to work together to further innovate and commercialize,” Roberts said. “We believe that consumers will continue to crave meat, and we aim to bring it to the table, as sustainably and cost-effectively as we can. Cultured meats and conventionally produced meats will both play a role in meeting that demand.”

The investment is just the most recent by traditional meat companies. Tyson Foods Inc., the largest U.S. meat producer, has created a venture capital fund focused on investing in companies “to sustainably feed” the world’s growing population and in December announced a stake in plant-based protein producer Beyond Meat, which counts Gates among its early funders.

    Read more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-08-23/cargill-bill-gates-bet-on-startup-making-meat-without-slaughter

    Gwyneth Paltrow’s Goop faces new false advertising claims

    Nonprofit group Truth in Advertising claims Goop is exploiting women by marketing products as having the ability to treat diseases and disorders

    Goop, the lifestyle and publishing company founded by Oscar-winning Hollywood actress Gwyneth Paltrow, is facing new criticisms from an advertising watchdog for making false claims promoting almost 50 products, including a Carnalian crystal claimed to treat infertility and the now-infamous jade vaginal egg promoted as preventing uterine prolapse.

    The new claims against Goop were lodged with two California district attorneys connected to the California Food, Drug and Medical Task Force by Truth in Advertising (Tina), a nonprofit group that says it conducted an investigation into Goop for using unsubstantiated, and therefore deceptive, health and disease-treatment claims to market many of its products.

    In addition, the group drew attention to claims that walking barefoot cures insomnia and that the companys signature perfume improves memory and can work as antibiotics.

    Bonnie Patten, the groups executive director, said that marketing products as having the ability to treat diseases and disorders not only violates established law but is a terribly deceptive marketing ploy that is being used by Goop to exploit women for its own financial gain.

    Tina said it had contacted Paltrows firm earlier this month to remedy the deceptive marketing. It noted that Goop had since made limited changes and called on California authorities to look into the matter further.

    Last month, Goop published a letter defending its unorthodox health practices. Being dismissive of discourse, of questions from patients, of practices that women might find empowering or healing, of daring to poke at a long-held beliefseems like the most dangerous practice of all.

    In the latest salvo against the company, the adverting watchdog listed dozens more products it says Goop makes claims for that are unsubstantiated, and therefore deceptive, health and disease-treatment claims to market many of its products.

    The complaint also listed Goops essential oils claimed to help tremendously with chronic issues from anxiety and depression to migraines; Goops Black Rose Bar, brilliant for treating acne, eczema and psoriasis; Goops Eau De Parfum: Edition 02, said to contain ingredients that improve memory, treat colds and work as antibiotics; and Goops Aromatic Stress Treatment that treats the nerves (its been shown to help alleviate panic attacks).

    In June, Paltrow, 44, conceded on Jimmy Kimmel Live! that she is sometimes baffled by the unconventional products and practices her brand promotes. Asked about the practice of earthing walking barefoot she ventured theres some sort of electromagnetic thing that were missing. Its good to take your shoes off in the grass.

    Paltrow eventually conceded: I dont know what the fuck we talk about!

    Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/film/2017/aug/24/gwyneth-paltrows-goop-faces-new-false-advertising-claims

    A terrible tweet about depression has the internet in an uproar.

    On Sept. 7, 2017, kickboxer Andrew Tate tweeted that “depression isn’t real.”

    “You feel sad, you move on,” he wrote to his 26,000 fans and followers. “You will always be depressed if your life is depressing.”

    Andrew Tate is not a medical doctor, mental health professional, nor expert in any related field that would add weight to his (seemingly unsolicited) opinion on the subject. Yet, in a combative 13-part Twitter thread, the athlete argued his assertion is correct because he believes that people living with depression are simply “lazy” and will find any excuse to “absolve responsibilities” to feel better.

    As is typically the case when you’re a well-known person spouting falsehoods on an important subject online, people reacted — and fast.

    Musician Alex Gaskarth noted making such ill-informed declarations without understanding the issue does harm to real people.

    Entrepreneur Vikas Shah pointed out Tate’s tweets reflect how stigma surrounding mental illness keeps people who are struggling from accessing care.

    J.K. Rowling — who has butted heads with Tate on Twitter before — suggested the boxer’s tweets say more about his own mental well-being than about the science behind depression.

    Comedian Patton Oswalt, who lives with depression, blasted Tate’s initial tweet as “false,” claiming it reads more like an “energy drink tagline” than anything else.

    Other users, like Josh Peterson, used the opportunity to spread awareness on the issue and share resources to access help, should anyone reading need them.

    (You can check out the full list of Peterson’s helpful links here.)

    Tate shared his unfortunate tweet thread just a couple days before World Suicide Prevention Day, so what better time to follow Peterson’s lead here and revisit the facts on what depression is and isn’t?

    Depression is unequivocally real.

    Or, as the Cleveland Clinic puts it: “[Depression] is a medical problem, not a personal weakness.” We’d never tell someone with cancer to simply think themselves into healing — why would we do so when it comes to depression?

    Research shows a combination of faulty mood regulation by the brain, stressful life events, and genetics (among other factors) can all play a role in causing depression, Harvard Medical School emphasized. Contrary to Tate’s assumptions, science has shown us that it’s not a fleeting emotion; it’s a real medical condition, and there’s no real “cure” for it.

    The good news is, seeking treatment does help millions of people manage and live happy lives, even with depression.

    Many people routinely see therapists, use medications, and prioritize stress-relieving habits (like exercising or getting adequate sleep) that help them stay on top of their mental health.

    If you’re struggling, know that you’re not alone. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, depression is a relatively common disorder: about 1 in every 6 American adults will experience depression at some point in their lives. Millions of people can relate to what you’re going through, and many of them are ready to step in and help.

    Treatments for mental illness like therapies or medicines (or a combination both) are lifesavers. If you want help, call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255 or visit the American Psychological Association to learn more.

    Read more: http://www.upworthy.com/a-terrible-tweet-about-depression-has-the-internet-in-an-uproar

    Check Out These Stunning New Images Of Jupiter

    If fears of World War 3 have got you down, don’t fret. We’ve got some glorious new pictures of Jupiter to hopefully take your mind off things.

    These latest snaps were taken by NASA’s Juno spacecraft during its seventh science flyby over Jupiter. The spacecraft is in a wide orbit around the planet, swooping down every 53 days to gather science and take images. The rest of the time it spends further out, to avoid Jupiter’s intense radiation.

    Juno began its latest flyby on Friday, using its JunoCam instrument to capture close-up images of the planet. NASA released the pictures as raw images on its website, allowing members of the public to then submit their own processed views of the gas giant.

    The latest images reveal Jupiter’s fantastic bands of clouds. You can easily make out storms swirling across the surface and there are also several views of white spots, large storms that rage in the upper atmosphere of the planet.

    During this flyby, Juno swooped to within 3,500 kilometers (2,200 miles) of the cloud tops of the planet. It is using these passes to study the planet in detail, with scientists hoping to figure out what the core of the planet is like and also how its weird magnetic field works.

    Juno’s primary mission, during which it will perform 12 orbits of Jupiter, will end in July 2018. After that, if the spacecraft is still in good health, then there’s a chance the mission could be extended.

    For now though, feast your eyes on some of these glorious images.

    NASA/SwRI/MSSS/Shawn Handran


    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/SwRI/Kevin M. Gill


    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/SwRI/Kevin M. Gill


    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/SwRI/Kevin M. Gill


    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/SwRI/Kevin M. Gill


    NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/SwRI/Kevin M. Gill


    NASA/SwRI/MSSS/Shawn Handran

    Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/space/check-out-these-stunning-new-images-of-jupiter/

    The Shirk Report Volume 438


    Welcome to the Shirk Report where you will find 20 funny images, 10 interesting articles and 5 entertaining videos from the last 7 days of sifting. Most images found on Reddit; articles from Facebook, Twitter, and email; videos come from everywhere. Any suggestions? Send a note to submit@twistedsifter.com

    20 IMAGES

    Best serve ever
    Best review ever
    This would have been so confusing
    And we are all better for it
    Here’s a neat party trick
    Now strut
    This week, on the real story behind the meme
    Shout out to the people (e.g., me) that were right all these years!
    Responsibilities: “hey” | Me:
    Day 17: Cat still has no idea what to make of this print
    Our 24 Hour Guarantee
    I like that he still made a minimal splash
    I like how the line judge seems to point to his groinal region immediately afterwards
    And now for a pep talk from Coach K
    – And now it’s time to imagine objects doing human things: Celebrating | A sit-up
    The way this cat sits
    When you have no idea how automatic sliding doors work | His wife
    Until next week


    This Tiny Country Feeds the World
    This interactive website gives you a live look at wind, rain and temperatures around the world (thx for sharing Mario!)
    How Strava Became the Only Fitness App That Matters
    Attacked by Rotten Tomatoes
    Inside the black market where people pay thousands of dollars for Instagram verification
    The Hidden Memories of Plants
    Married to a Mystery Man
    Yes, Google Uses Its Power to Quash Ideas It Doesn’t Like—I Know Because It Happened to Me
    Harvey and Irma, Married 75 Years, Marvel at the Storms Bearing Their Names
    The Blind Traveler: How James Holman Felt His Way Around the World to Become History’s Most Prolific Explorer (thx for sharing Mr. Montgomery!

    5 VIDEOS + the best weatherman


    Read more: http://twistedsifter.com/2017/09/the-shirk-report-volume-438/

    Millions of American lives could be at stake as North Korea threatens to attack power grid

    North Korea may very well have the ability to kill millions of Americans, without directly firing on U.S. soil. For the first time, the pariah country’s state news agency warned it could hit the U.S. with an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) onslaught, a threat that experts contend is both very real and comes with catastrophic consequences.

    “The biggest danger would be shorting out of the power grid, especially on the East Coast. Imagine a situation where large sections of the U.S. had no power. Imagine New York or Washington D.C. with no power for just a week. The implications would be hard to fathom,” Harry Kazianis, Director of Defense Studies at the Center for the National Interest, told Fox News. “The casualty rates would be off the charts.”

    According to Kazianis, an EMP delivered by a nuclear weapon would not just fry power grids but also carry the destructive power of an atomic device.

    “That in it of itself is going to kill thousands if not millions depending on the size of it and where it is dropped. Also, nuclear weapons carry radioactive fallout that would be spread thousands of miles through the atmosphere and oceans,” he continued. “We would be adding to such a casualty count sadly for decades thanks to cancer cases that would arise many years later.”

    So how could North Korea pull off an EMP attack? A hydrogen bomb detonated at a high altitude would create an electromagnetic pulse that would knock out key infrastructure – namely prominent parts of the U.S. electrical grid.

    The higher the bomb’s detonation, the wider the range of destruction. An altitude of just under 250 miles – around the orbit of the International Space Station – would annihilate electronics in majority of the mainland, including parts of neighboring Canada and Mexico, analysts have said. North Korea exhibited its capacity to reach such altitudes in satellite launches in both 2012 and 2016.


    An EMP attack, experts warn, doesn’t require definitive guidance systems as the area affected is so widespread.

    “An EMP is similar to a lightning strike in some respects, but it acts over a wide area – hundreds of miles,” explained John Gilbert, retired Air Force colonel and senior science fellow with the Center for Arms Control and Nonproliferation in Washington, D.C. “There would be widespread and probably long-lasting power outages and wire-line telecommunications systems such as telephone and TV/internet cable would suffer serious damage. Individual items such as cars and trucks could also be damaged or disabled and damage could occur to electronic devices in homes and businesses.”

    An attack could cut power to health care facilities and cripple municipal facilities and utilities.

    “North Korea consistently exceeds our estimates of what we think they can do, so prudence might indicate we take them at their word,” noted Lieutenant General Wallace Gregson (USMC, Ret.), the former assistant defense secretary, now Senior Director of China and the Pacific at the Center for the National Interest. “The aim is to shut down our electrical grid and all the distribution networks – water, waste, financial, traffic management, air control, radio, computer, others – we depend upon.”

    Scientists first discovered the EMP fallout of a hydrogen bomb during a test in 1962, in which lights were burned out in Honolulu – some 1,000 miles from the test location.

    Experts have long warned of the plausibility of an EMP attack from the likes of North Korea or Iran. A special task force appointed by Congress and known as the EMP Commission cautioned in 2008 that the largely digitized U.S. could be left black for up to a year as a result of an EMP disruption. They say that even the sensors and monitors that function to re-start electronics after a power outage would be wiped out.


    Yet apparently little was done to address the potential crisis.

    The Government Accountability Office (GAO) reported last year that the federal government had failed to implement an array of recommendations they had made eight years earlier to prevent calamitous outages triggered by an EMP incursion, noting that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Department of Energy (DOE) had not “established a coordinated approach to identifying and implementing key risk management activities to address EMP risks” and that securing the grid was far from the top priority.


    Richard Schoeberl, a terrorism analyst and former unit chief at the CIA’s National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), asserted that while North Korea’s own proclamations of having the capability to strike the U.S. with an EMP attack may be well be over-exaggerated, it is a threat that requires serious mitigations.

    “The United States can provide better protection of the nation’s infrastructure,” he told Fox News. “The threat of EMP is completely plausible.”

    “Most of our East Coast grid has a lot of older equipment that could be vulnerable. We should work quickly to make the necessary upgrades to ensure North Korea can’t catch us by surprise,” Kazianis added. “We are highly vulnerable to such an attack. Considering that if North Koreans are able to pack enough destructive power into such a nuclear device they could fry countless electrical grids and equipment. If they use a big enough device the damage could be beyond belief.”

    The State Department and Department of Energy did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

    Hollie McKay has been a FoxNews.com staff reporter since 2007. She has reported extensively from the Middle East on the rise and fall of terrorist groups such as ISIS in Iraq. Follow her on twitter at @holliesmckay

    Read more: http://www.foxnews.com/world/2017/09/05/millions-american-lives-could-be-at-stake-as-north-korea-threatens-to-attack-power-grid.html

    The Idea Behind These Images Is Nothing New, But They Make You See Food Differently

    When it comes to losing weight, we automatically think we have to try and eat the healthiest foods we can to be successful.

    British fitness blogger Lucy Mountain knows all too well what a struggle it can be to eat healthy and still feel satisfied. She wants to send the message that we can enjoy the food we eat and reach our goals as long as we stay mindful about what we put in our bodies and our portion sizes.

    That’s why Mountain is trying to change the way we look at our meals by creating visual comparisons between what is considered junk food and health food, and she makes good points.

    “Same amount of food, different calories.”

    Mountain points out that the only differences between these two meals are the meat and oil used to cook it.

    The meat on the left is five percent fat beef, while the beef on the right contains 12 percent fat. The left meal was cooked with Fry Light olive oil spray and the right was cooked with a tablespoon of olive oil. While Mountain stresses that nothing is wrong with using either, keeping these differences in mind and swapping them can help with weight management.

    Read more: http://www.viralnova.com/food-comparisons/