The cervical cancer survivor
The cervical cancer survivor
HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) is a group of over 100 viruses, that affect skin cells and mucous membranes in humans. There is an association between being infected with these viruses and developing cervical cancer. Some strains of the virus also cause genital warts and may increase the risk of developing oral and anal cancers.
HPV was first discovered when researchers noticed that the only group of women that did not develop cervical cancer were celibate nuns. A sexually transmitted cause of cervical cancer was hypothesized, and research discovered the family of viruses.
Most women that contract the virus are able to clear it from their body within 1-2 years. If you cannot clear the virus, or have ongoing exposure to it, over time the virus can cause normal cells to turn cancerous, both in the cervix as well as the vagina. Pap smears not only can detect cancerous and precancerous cells, but can also detect the presence of the HPV virus.
Gardasil is a vaccine that helps your body to defend against 4 strains of HPV. Types 16 and 18 are associated with cervical cancer. Types 6 and 11 are 2 strains that cause genital warts. The vaccine is over $200 per dose and requires 3 doses. Not all that start the series finish it, either because of cost issues, side effects or non-compliance. The overall effective rate of protection from cancer is probably less than 50%, and may be as low as 17% if all that start the series, but do not complete it are included. Also one must remember that there are other strains that can cause cancer, that are not in the vaccine. It is recommended for girls as young as 11, up to age 26. It is now also recommended for boys, with the theory, that if HPV is decreased in boys and men, that the rate of infection in women will decline. There is some weak data that says that anal and oral cancers in homosexual men may decrease from the vaccine.
There is a push in many states to make this a mandatory vaccine. I think the long term data is not known, the actual benefits are probably much less than that reported, and the possibility exists, that if by some way we eliminate types 16 and 18, that another strain may become the new prevalent strain, and could be as bad or worse. What if there were 100 strains of small pox, and our vaccine prevented only 4 strains? Isn't it reasonable that another strain may emerge?
We have a wonderful way to prevent cervical cancer, already. The pap smear. Yet, we used to recommend your first pap at age 18, or when you became sexually active. The new recommendation is now age 21, regardless. Why is that? Money. The rationale is, it may take 3-5 years of infection before there are pap smear abnormalities, so lets turn a blind eye when someone is having unprotected sex at age 16. Don't do an exam, don't educate, let them get HPV, and worry about it later. On a similar note (rant to follow)!…very quietly, under president Obama, the starting age for mammogram was moved from age 40 to 50. Why? Because it cost too much money to save the lives of women in their 40s who developed breast cancer. There aren't enough to justify the cost. When there was an outrage over this recommendation, it was rolled back to 40.
If you think Obama care and universal healthcare wont have rationing and worse services for the majority, think again. When the government tells you that your 11 year old daughter can't go to school unless she is vaccinated for HPV. Or that you must give your infant the Hepatitis vaccine because the government doesn't know if they will grow up to be an IV drug user, or when a new lung cancer drug is prevented from coming to market, because it is $50,000 more than existing therapy, and "only" improves survival by 6-12 months over existing therapy. Beware.
Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide.cervical cancer is caused by a virus called HPV. Cervical cancer occurs most often in women over age 30.
Watch Vanitha TV, the First Women Centric Channel in India by Rachana Television. Tune in for programs on infotainment, health and welfare of women, women power and women's fashion.
For more latest updates:
* Watch Vanitha TV Live :
* Subscribe to Vanitha TV Channel:
* Like us on Facebook:
* Follow us on Twitter At :
Cervical cancer may be the most common cancer linked to HPV, but it is not the only one. As it turns out, men are at higher risk to get another form of cancer from the same virus.
The human papillomavirus – it's most closely linked to women and cervical cancer.
"HPV, there are 140 different types; some are low-risk, some are high-risk. The high-risk types are known to cause almost all cervical cancers," says Dr. Kevin Fleishman, a gynecologist on Lee Memorial Health System's medical staff.
Studies show that half of all American men are infected with HPV and it puts them at greater risk of cancer too.
"Absolutely, more and more cancers have been shown to be associated with the HPV virus," says Dr. Fleishman.
Among them are head and neck cancers.
"Many of these cancers are caused by HPV. Prior to 15, 18 years ago, probably 90 to 95 percent of my new cancer patients were smokers. But now about 45 percent are non-smokers and the majority of those are caused by HPV," says Dr. Phillip Andrews, an otolaryngologist on the medical staff of Lee Memorial Health System.
Two-thirds of cancers of the tongue and tonsils are caused by HPV and 80 percent of those cases are found in men. If caught early, the prognosis is good.
"Some of the smaller cancers in the base of the tongue and tonsils we'll treat with radiation alone, particularly if it's HPV related," says Dr. Andrews.
The HPV vaccine was originally promoted as a 'girls' vaccine. Since then, the CDC recommended it for boys as well. And not just to stop the spread of cervical cancer but to keep them safe, too.
"If we prevent the transmission of the virus, then we can prevent the cancer," says Dr. Fleishman.
If you have questions about HPV or the vaccine, consult your doctor.
View More Health Matters video segments at leememorial.org/healthmatters/
Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL is the largest network of medical care facilities in Southwest Florida and is highly respected for its expertise, innovation and quality of care. For nearly a century, we've been providing our community with everything from primary care treatment to highly specialized care services and robotic assisted surgeries.
Part 2: Filmed at the national Cervical Cancer Coalition conference in Atlanta, GA, in January 2013, these stories from cervical cancer survivors and family members of women who have died from the disease highlight the devastating impact of cervical cancer. These personal stories also emphasize the importance of prevention in the form of vaccines and regular screening–prevention that can save lives.
This video discusses the various treatment options available for Cervical Cancer. This includes surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. During the early stages of Cancer, the doctor may perform a conization, where the remove a cone shaped piece of the cervix. During later stages the doctor may choose to perform a radical trachelectomy, where they remove the cervix and the upper part of the vagina. A total hysterectomy results in the removal of the uterus and cervix while a radical hysterectomy means the removal of the cervix, the tissue around it, the uterus, and part of the vagina. The doctor may also remove the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and lymph nodes, depending on where the Cancer has spread. If the Cancer still recurs, the doctor may resort to a pelvic exenteration where all the organs will be removed similar to the radical hysterectomy along with the pelvic lymph nodes, bladder, vagina, rectum, and colon. Radiation therapy involves using high energy radiation in order to kill the cancer cells. This can be through external beam radiation therapy or through internal radiation therapy like Brachytherapy. Chemotherapy is the systematic application of drugs to stop the cancer cells by killing them or preventing them from multiplying. Watch the video for a detailed explanation on the different treatments for Cervical Cancer.
Manipal Hospitals is a leading healthcare brand in India. We are invested in the health and well-being of our community and frequently post informational videos on our channel in order to create awareness. Subscribe to our channel at . To know more, visit
The fourth and final program in a four-part series on cancer prevention, to be included in a curriculum package for educators at www.noep.org. This program is made possible by the Cancer Prevention & Research Institute of Texas.
Dr. Terri Cornelison, Program Director of the Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Research Group in the NCI's Division of Cancer Prevention, discusses cervical cancer disparities among women of color. She also explains the various ways that African American women can protect themselves from cervical cancer, including routine screenings and vaccines.
Cervical cancer is common cancer among middle-aged women. By better prevention, treatment and health education many countries has seen fantastic progress and saved thousands of women.
Help us caption & translate this video!
More than 12,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year in the U.S. and more than 4,000 die of the disease. But it is important to remember–cervical cancer can be prevented. Watch to learn more about how you can prevent cervical cancer.