[English] MAKNA Getting to know Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer was the second most common cancer among women in Peninsular Malaysia between 2003 to 2005. It constituted 10.6% of all female cancers.

The cervix is a very strong muscle that connects a woman's womb and her vagina. It forms a small opening which lets through menstrual blood and sperm.

Cervical cancer usually starts in cells on the surface of the cervix. It happens when cells begin to grow and divide uncontrollably. These cells gradually spread into the tissue of the cervix. From there they may move to other parts of the body such as the vagina, womb or bowel. Cervical cancer can take years to develop. But before it develops, early changes take place in the cells on the surface of the cervix. At this point, the abnormal cells can easily be detected using Pap Smear Test.

Early cervical cancer often has no symptoms. But, visit your doctor if you notice the following signs:
– Bleeding between periods
– Bleeding during or after sex
– Bleeding after you have been through menopause
– Any unpleasant vaginal discharge
– Discomfort or pain during sex

These symptoms do not necessarily mean you have cervical cancer. However, it is advisable to check with a doctor.


MAKNA (Majlis Kanser Nasional) or National Cancer Council is a not-for-profit mainly tasked to pool and utilise every effort, expertise and welfare from every faction of society to fight cancer and to reduce the pain, suffering and morbidity that cancer patients often experience.

It aims to provide curative care and preventive care, cancer research and support services to cancer patients and their families, high-risk groups and the general public in Malaysia and the region.

Together with ordinary Malaysians from all walks of life, MAKNA hopes to inspire extraordinary change and give people affected by cancer renewed hope in life.

MAKNA is registered under the Registrar of Societies Malaysia on 10 November 1994 and was officially launched on 30 March 1995. It was founded by Dato' Mohd Farid Ariffin in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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