INCREASE YOUR SEX DRIVE, LIBIDO for WOMEN

INCREASE YOUR SEX DRIVE, LIBIDO for WOMEN





 

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Get to know everything realted to a Woman's sex drive. What factors makes it low and what should be done to improve it..

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The Gambia bans female genital mutilation

President Yahya Jammeh outlaws practice that affects three-quarters of women in west African country

The Gambia has announced it will ban female genital mutilation (FGM) after the Guardian launched a global campaign to end the practice.

The president, Yahya Jammeh, said last night that the controversial surgical intervention would be outlawed. He said the ban would come into effect immediately, though it was not clear when the government would draft legislation to enforce it.

FGM involves cutting female genitalia often when girls are young to remove their labia and clitoris, which often leads to lifelong health complications, including bleeding, infections, vaginal pain and infertility. More than 130 million women worldwide are subjected to the procedure in Africa and the Middle East.

The practice is widespread in many African countries, including the Gambia, where 76% of females have been subjected to it. The age at which FGM takes place in the Gambia is not recorded, but it is reported that the trend of practicing FGM on infant girls is increasing. By the age of 14, 56% of female children in the country have had the procedure.

Highlights of the Guardians global media campaign to help end FGM

Jaha Dukureh, an anti-FGM activist whose campaign to end the practice in the country has been supported by the Guardian, spent the past week meeting cabinet ministers in the Gambia and sent them articles from the newspaper to inform them about the issue.

Im really amazed that the president did this. I didnt expect this in a million years. Im just really proud of my country and Im really, really happy, she told the Guardian. I think the president cared about the issue, it was just something that was never brought to his attention.

Jammehs announcement came late last night, as the president was visiting his home village on Kanilai as part of a nationwide tour. The announcement was unexpected for both campaigners and public.

The amazing thing is its election season. This could cost the president the election. He put women and girls first, this could negatively affect him, but this shows he cares more about women than losing peoples votes, said Dukureh.

Dukureh will return to the Gambia on Tuesday to thank Jammeh for the ban and to help with drafting the legislation that will enforce it.

A ban on FGM would be a significant development on an issue that has proved controversial and divisive in the Gambia, with some arguing that FGM is permitted in Islam, the major religion in the country.

Senior Muslim clerics in the Gambia have previously denied the existence of FGM in the Gambia saying instead that was is practiced is female circumcision. In 2014, state house imam, Alhaji Abdoulie Fatty told Kibaaro News, I have never heard of anyone who died as a result of female genital mutilation (FGM)… If you know what FGM means, you know that we do not practice that here. We do not mutilate our children.


Jaha Dukureh: Im really amazed that the president did this. I didnt expect this in a million years. Photograph: Mae Ryan for the Guardian

Mary Wandia, the FGM programme manager at womens rights campaign group Equality Now said: The ban is an essential first step towards ending FGM and we commend President Jammeh on finally announcing it.

A law must now be enacted and properly implemented to ensure that every girl at risk is properly protected. The government needs to show strong commitment and prioritise this issue in a country where three quarters of women have been affected and reductions in prevalence have been slow to materialise.

Though support for FGM is widespread in the Gambia, reports have shown that public support for the practice has dropped in recent decades among women across all age groups.

Support for the continuation of the practice is strongest among the countrys richest women and varies dramatically in different ethnic communities, with 84% of Mandinka women supporting the continuation of FGM compared with 12% of Wolof women.

This year FGM was banned in Nigeria, which joined 18 other African countries that have outlawed the practice, including Central African Republic, Egypt and South Africa.

Somalia, which has the highest prevalence of FGM in the world, has indicated it would like to end the practice, with a spokeswoman for the ministry for womens affairs saying it was committed to make this happen despite significant resistance in the country. Currently, 98% of girls aged between four and 11 are subjected to FGM in Somalia.

The Guardian launched a major campaign to end FGM around the world in 2014, with the support of the campaign petition website, Change.org.

The Guardian Global Media campaign works closely with local activists in the Gambia, Kenya and Nigeria to help them provide education and awareness on the issue and hope to expand the campaign to Sierra Leone, Senegal and Uganda next year.

Read more: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/nov/24/the-gambia-bans-female-genital-mutilation

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The problem with sex and glitter

From phone cases to vaginal pills, we know glitter can be harmful so why do we love it so much?

Last month a doctor was compelled to tell women not to put glitter pills inside their vaginas and once again I was reminded of Stephen Hawkings prediction that humans are heading for extinction. 2017: the year Earth learned why were not allowed nice things. Passion Dust Intimacy Capsules are small, sparkleised capsules that dissolve when inserted into the vagina and release the sweet sparkle that is Passion Dust. Basically you piss heaven.

They sold out immediately, hence gynaecologist Dr Jen Gunter explaining exactly how and why glitter has no place in the vagina. If her name sounds familiar, its perhaps because she is the person who has, breathing a sigh the size of Center Parcs, decided to take on Gwyneth Paltrows Goop, clarifying the problems with (among other things) their suggestions to steam your vagina before inserting jade eggs inside you for better sex. Glitter, though. Is that what men want, after the candles are lit and the Baileys is drunk? A dick like a disco ball? Would their reaction not be, as Im pretty sure mine would, when he looks down at this scene like a shattered car windscreen, shock that they were transitioning into some sort of unicorn sex robot, then existential dismay as their genitals glinted shyly in their knickers for months afterwards? Its not for nothing that Ship Your Enemies Glitter (a company that sends an envelope of glitter through the post, to coat recipients in sparkling debris upon opening) is so popular. Anyway, post-vajazzle, it seems, glitter has migrated deeper into the curious woman, like a feminist metaphor gone rogue.

And this right at the moment we learn glitter itself is problematic. Though delightful and star-like, glitter flakes are essentially flattened microbeads, a particle plastic banned in the USA and soon to be banned here, too. The size of microplastics allows them to be ingested by the tiniest of organisms, which poses huge problems for aquatic life and, consequently, us. Glitter has been harming some people already though, with a range of iPhone cases containing glitter suspended in liquid being recalled after reports of skin irritation and chemical burns. One consumer reported permanent scarring from a chemical burn and another consumer reported chemical burns and swelling to her leg, face, neck, chest, upper body and hands, wrote the US Consumer Product Safety Commission in its press release. Being me, this news took my one-track mind quickly jogging down its well-trod path of toxic femininity a frilly argument about the inevitable injuries that result from princess culture, not including pay gaps. But it wasnt satisfying. It left me wanting. Though associated often with girliness, today glitter is bigger than that. It covers everything. To the point that its considered one of the most effective forms of forensic evidence its really, really difficult to wash away.

You get the sense, dont you, that the whole world has been glitter-bombed by a sly, jealous enemy, with these rainbow shards quietly embedding themselves in every aspect of life, and, like sand after a holiday, well find it for weeks after in the oddest places? The thing about glitter is that it is used to make dull things exciting. Which is why its been so easy to ignore its darker side. Have we always known glitter was a trick, a distraction? Have we known that and ignored it, and used it to our advantage? As well as covering up birthday card mistakes, we use it to decorate difficult things, like coming out in public, or being female.

Hence the success of Passion Dust, The pretty little pill that makes you magically delicious. Glitter turns an awkward encounter into a princess tea party, vaginal excretions into something safe and cartoonish that taste like Skittles. For all the horrors that vagina glitter implies, I sort of get it. I mean, I get why. I get it as a My Little Pony-flavoured attempt to make every inch of an unwieldy body perfect, to hold it at a distance in order to feel you have at least a little control. Which is not to say Passion Dust cant produce vaginal wall granulomas, act as an irritant and cause vaginal contact dermatitis, damage the good vaginal bacteria leading to infections as well as in increased risk of STIs. But Lord will it make his penis sparkle like diamonds.

Email Eva at e.wiseman@observer.co.uk or follow her on Twitter @EvaWiseman

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2017/aug/13/the-problem-with-sex-and-glitter

Sex Drive - Women with Higher Sex Drives Than Men

Sex Drive – Women with Higher Sex Drives Than Men





 

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How Can You Naturally and Quickly Increase Your Libido and Sex Drive ?

How Can You Naturally and Quickly Increase Your Libido and Sex Drive ?





 

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Discover why Dr. Sam Robbins, health expert, recommends “AlphaViril” to increase your libido, naturally and quickly, and safely optimize testosterone levels.

************* How Can You Naturally And Quickly Increase Your Libido And Sex Drive? ***************

Even though this “subject” is usually directed towards men, women will definitely benefit as well because the factor that increases sex drive in men is the same in women too.

What is the real cause of low libido?

If you are suffering from any form of “sexual dysfunction”, reduced libido or sex drive, decreased energy or muscle size, hair problems and increased body fat then you probably have “low” or “lowered” testosterone levels.

Not only the low libido is a major health risk of death but it is also the #1 cause of infidelity, cheating, and divorce!

The primary hormone that controls sex drive in men and women is testosterone. Unfortunately, as you age your body produces less and less testosterone, also called the “youth hormone”. It keeps you looking and feeling young!
It’s what gives you that “drive” in life as well as the “bedroom”.

Your sex drive is low because it is just a part of “aging”. Unfortunately, not only your low testosterone is causing you “sexual issues” but low testosterone is also a major health risk.

In fact, the medical term for “low testosterone” is called andro-pause in men similar to “menopause” in women.

If you taking any “erectile dysfunction” drugs such as Viagra or Cialis, they do nothing to fix this problem. They don’t increase your testosterone and these drugs are not a long-term solution. The more you use them the less they work because your body quickly adapts. You need to increase your testosterone levels and that should be your primary goal!

The topic of exercise and diet changes is complicated and takes a complete life-style changes and a real commitment.

We have three goals:

1. Raise your testosterone levels
2. Decrease and normalize your “negative ” hormones
3. Increase blood flow

Don’t worry, because you are not alone and there are easy and proven solutions! How can you fix this naturally?

If you want all the improved ANTI-AGING and health benefits of higher testosterone without the negative side-effects, then simply try AlphaViril™!

– Your "all-in-one" solution (convenient & easy).
– Optimize your "pro-sexual" hormones
– All natural ingredients with fast results.
– Doctor formulated & clinically tested.
– 14 years proven formula & 367,200+ happy users.

Take action and try it today:

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Female Sex-Drive Secrets: How To Increase Your Woman's Sex-Drive

Female Sex-Drive Secrets: How To Increase Your Woman’s Sex-Drive





 

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Female Sex-Drive Secrets — How To Increase Your Woman's Sex-Drive

Hey, it's Adam Armstrong here…

I'm a Sex Coach, I run the website and I teach men how to sexually satisfy their women and have much better sex.

In this 3 minute video I'm going to talk to you about the FEMALE SEX-DRIVE and you are going to learn secrets about how to quickly and easily increase your woman's sex-drive.

So if you want to have MORE SEX and you'd like your woman to be willing and eager to have sex with you pretty much whenever you want, pay close attention to what follows…

First of all, let me tell you what the biggest reason is for LOW female sex-drive. You
need to understand this because it also provides you with the solution for quickly and easily increasing your woman's sex-drive.

Okay, so here's the truth that nobody ever tells you…

The reason why many women have low sex-drives (especially when they've been in a relationship with the same man for several months or more) is because they are getting LAME SEX.

Yes, really – you did hear that correctly…

The biggest reason why many women have a low sex-drive is because their men are failing miserably to sexually satisfy them. And a woman can only take so much BAD SEX…

After a while she'll simply 'switch off' and stop wanting it, or she'll seek it elsewhere — from a man who knows what he's doing.

It's as simple as that.

So the question is:

"How do you increase your woman's sex-drive?"

Here are 3 proven techniques:

1. Go On At Least One 'Date Night' A Week

This will give you time to connect with your woman and remind her why she was ATTRACTED to you in the first place.

Make her laugh and engage her with great conversation.

A well planned 'date' is something every woman LOVES and women love to end a great date with RED-HOT SEX.

2. Use Massage To Re-Connect Physically With Your Woman

If your woman's sex-drive is lower than you'd like, pestering her for sex is NOT the way to go. This will only put her off the idea even more.

Instead, find ways to re-connect with her physically, making sure the techniques you use aren't overtly sexual.

Massage is a perfect technique because it will naturally lead to sex (if you do it well) and it doesn't put any pressure on your woman up front.

3. Make Sure The Sex Is Good When It Happens

This is the most important point of all…

When the sex does happen, make sure it's good.

If you make sure the sex is always good, your woman's sex-drive will quickly come back to life.

GREAT SEX works like magic for re-igniting a woman's sex-drive.

Here are 5 tips for giving your woman GREAT SEX:

1. Take the lead

2. Make it naughty

3. Talk dirty

4. Make it different every time

5. Give her ORGASMS, particularly vaginal orgasms during intercourse (when you do this, she'll turn into your little sex-machine, always eager to 'get it on' with you)

Let's re-cap…

– When a woman's sex-drive is low, it's very often because she's getting lame sex

– To increase your woman's sex-drive you should try taking her on at least one DATE a week, giving her MASSAGE and making sure the sex is really GOOD when it happens

To learn exactly how to give your woman INCREDIBLE SEX, go to my website
and sign up for my FREE email newsletter…

When you sign up I'll send you several FREE gifts, including a video on how to give your woman those all-important vaginal orgasms.

There's no obligation to buy anything and the sex tips, techniques and secrets that I'll share with you have the power to change the quality of your sexual relationship forever.

Go sign up now and I'll see you on the other side.

Sign up for my free newsletter here:

New Female Sex Drive Slapped By FDA

New Female Sex Drive Slapped By FDA





 

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A new drug from Sprout Pharmaceuticals aims to increase the sex drive of women everywhere!

Buy some awesomeness for yourself!

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The week in patriarchy: Trump clearly doesn’t understand health insurance

If you dont realize by now that a total clown is in charge, nothing is going to change that. At least its Friday

If you want to be able to sleep this weekend, do yourself a favor and dont read the New York Times expansive interview with Donald Trump. The president makes little sense as he answers questions about everything from Russia to Jeff Sessions and healthcare and if you were already worried about whose hands the country is in, this piece will not put your mind at ease. For example, it seems pretty evident that the president of the United States has no idea how health insurance works.

I used to see interviews like this and be a bit pleased because the more coverage of Trumps stupidity the better. But if you dont realize by now that a total clown is in charge, theres no interview or expose thats going to change that. So join me this week in a good old fashion wallow: things are bad, the president is bad. At least its Friday.

Glass half full

Scotland just became the first nation to offer free sanitary products to low-income women. Access to tampons and pads arent just a hygiene issue but a health and rights issue. At least one country is getting it right.

What Im RTing

Amir Talai (@AmirTalai)

I read this brilliance on race and couldnt help thinking the world could really use Fran Lebowitz blogging or tweeting or something. pic.twitter.com/KLTHaZa6op

July 18, 2017

Laurie Penny (@PennyRed)

Most of the interesting women you know are far, far angrier than you’d imagine.

July 18, 2017

Renee Bracey Sherman (@RBraceySherman)

Home care workers care for families, and sometimes deal with abuse, sexual assault, and only get paid $10 an hour. https://t.co/P6oream4xT pic.twitter.com/TNzJJn1HwK

July 20, 2017

Planned Parenthood (@PPact)

.@ppfa & @ReproRights are suing Texas over its latest abortion ban. Politicians make bad doctorshttps://t.co/zRfjG51i5t #WeWontGoBack pic.twitter.com/wmksAUMYmm

July 20, 2017

Who Im reading

Soraya Nadia Mcdonald on R Kelly and the truth behind why he hasnt been held accountable for his abuse we just dont care about black women; Daniel Kibblesmith with a humourous but way too real take on the expectation that Hillary Clinton disappear from public life; and ProPublicas incredible investigation into maternal deaths in the United States.

What Im watching

How Fox News is trying to normalize collusion. Oh good.

How outraged I am

I was already at a ni ne out of 10 over Betsy Devos listening to anti-women rape deniers, and this first person account at Vox from a sexual assault survivor put me at a full 10.

How Im making it through this week

A golden retriever in Long Island rescued a baby deer from drowning and Ive watched it at least 15 times.

Sign up for Jessica Valentis weekly newsletter on feminism and sexism

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jul/21/the-week-in-patriarchy-trump-clearly-doesnt-understand-health-insurance

The Pill and Libido (Sexual Health for Women)

The Pill and Libido (Sexual Health for Women)





 

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For 40% of women, the Pill works in an unexpected new way: By making you NOT WANT to have sex!

Trying to figure out why she won't sleep with you? CHECK OUT:

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Are women really stronger than men? | Angela Saini

When it comes to longevity, surviving illness and coping with trauma, one gender comes out on top. Angela Saini meets the scientists working out why

Four years ago, completely spent, blood transfused into me in a frantic effort to allow me to walk, I lay on a hospital bed having given birth the day before. To the joy of my family, I had brought them a son. Blue balloons foretold a man in the making. Not just the apple of my eye, but the one who would one day open jam jars for me. The hero who would do the DIY and put out the rubbish. He who was born to be strong because he is male.

But then, physical strength can be defined in different ways. What I was yet to learn was that, beneath our skin, women bubble with a source of power that even science has yet to fully understand. We are better survivors than men. Whats more, we are born this way.

Pretty much at every age, women seem to survive better than men, says Steven Austad, an international expert on ageing, and chair of the biology department at the University of Alabama. For almost two decades, he has been studying one of the best-known yet under-researched facts of human biology: that women live longer than men. His longevity database shows that all over the world and as far back as records have been kept, women outlive men by around five or six years. He describes them as being more robust.

Robustness, toughness or pure power whatever its called this survival ability cracks apart the stereotype. The physically strong woman is almost a myth. We gaze upon great female athletes as though theyre other-worldly creatures. Greek legend could only imagine the Amazons, female warriors as powerful as men. They break the laws of nature. No, we everyday women, we have just half the upper body strength of men. We are six inches shorter, depending on where we live. We wield power, but its emotional and intellectual, we tell ourselves. Its not in our bodies.

Not so, says Austad. He is among a small cadre of researchers who believe that women may hold the key to prolonging life. In extremely old age, the gap between the sexes becomes a glaring one.

According to a tally maintained by the global Gerontology Research Group, today, 43 people around the world are known to be living past the age of 110. Of these supercentenarians, 42 are women. Interviews with the worlds current oldest person, 117-year-old Violet Brown, who lives in Jamaica, reveal she enjoys eating fish and mutton. She once worked as a plantation worker. Her lifestyle betrays few clues as to how she has lived so long. But one factor we know has helped is being a woman.

An
Grey power: 42 of the 43 people over the age of 110 are women. Photograph: Phil Fisk for the Observer

Yet there is bizarrely little research to explain the biology behind this. What scientists do know is that this edge doesnt emerge in later life. It is there from the moment a girl is born. When we were there on the neonatal unit and a boy came out, you were taught that, statistically, the boy is more likely to die, says Joy Lawn, director of the Centre for Maternal, Adolescent, Reproductive, and Child Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She explains that, globally, a million babies die on the day of their birth every year.

But if they receive exactly the same level of care, males are statistically at a 10% greater risk than females. What makes baby girls so robust remains mostly a mystery. Research published in 2014 by scientists at the University of Adelaide suggests that a mothers placenta may behave differently depending on the sex of the baby, doing more to maintain the pregnancy and increase immunity against infections. For reasons unknown, girls may be getting an extra dose of survivability in the womb.

Wherever it comes from, women seem to be shielded against sickness later on. Cardiovascular disease occurs much earlier in men than women. The age of onset of hypertension [high blood pressure] also occurs much earlier in men than women. And theres a sex difference in the rate of progression of disease, says Kathryn Sandberg, director of the Centre for the Study of Sex Differences in Health, Ageing and Disease at Georgetown University.

Austad found that in the United States in 2010, women died at lower rates than men from 12 of the 15 most common causes of death, including cancer and heart disease, when adjusted for age. Of the three exceptions, their likelihood of dying from Parkinsons or stroke was about the same. And they were more likely than men to die of Alzheimers disease. Once I started investigating, I found that women had resistance to almost all the major causes of death, he says.

The
Age of reason: Violet Brown, centre, the worlds oldest person, was born in Jamaica in 1900. Photograph: Raymond Simpson/AP

Even when it comes to everyday coughs and colds, women have the advantage. If you look across all the different types of infections, women have a more robust immune response, adds Sandberg. If theres a really bad infection, they survive better. If its about the duration of the infection, women will respond faster. One explanation for this is hormones. Higher levels of oestrogen and progesterone could be protecting women in some way, not only by making our immune systems stronger, but also more flexible. This may help maintain a healthy pregnancy. A womans immune system is more active in the second half of her menstrual cycle, when shes able to conceive.

On the downside, a powerful immune response also makes women more susceptible to autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. The body is so good at fighting off infection that it attacks its own cells. And this may explain why women tend to report more pain and sickness than men. This is one of the penalties of being a better survivor. You survive, but maybe not quite as intact as you were before, says Austad. Another factor is simply that men are dying more. Part of the reason there are more women than men around in ill health is to do with the fact that women have survived events that would kill men, so the equivalent men are no longer with us, he adds.

When it comes to biological sex difference, though, everything isnt always as it seems. At least some of the gaps in health and survival may be social, reflecting gender behaviour. Women may be more likely to seek medical help, for instance. Men may have less healthy diets or do more dangerous work. Nonetheless, Austad and Sandberg are convinced that nature accounts for a good deal of what we see.

If they are right, this raises a deeper scientific conundrum. Our bodies adapted over millennia to our environments. So what could it have been in our evolutionary past that gave the female body a little more of this magical robustness? How and why would one sex have developed a survival edge over the other?

Studies of hunter-gatherer societies, who live the way we all may have done before fixed settlements and agriculture, provide a few clues. Many anthropologists studying tribal communities in Africa, South America, Asia and Australia believe early humans lived fairly equal lives, sharing responsibility for food, shelter and raising children. The Flintstones model, with wife at home and husband bringing back the bacon, just doesnt stand up. Instead, the evidence shows that women would have done at least the same physical work as men, but with the added burden of bearing children.

Theres a general consensus now that hunting-gathering societies, while not perfectly egalitarian, were less unequal, particularly with regard to gender equality, says Melvin Konner, professor of anthropology at Emory University in Atlanta, who has spent years doing fieldwork with hunter-gatherers in Africa. Because of the scale of the group dynamics, it would be impossible for men to exclude women.

The more research that is done, the more this is reinforced. Even hunting that prototypical male activity is being recast as a female one, too. Anthropologist Rebecca Bliege Bird, a professor at Pennsylvania State University, offers me the example of the Martu, an aboriginal tribe in Western Australia. When Martu women hunt, one of their favourite prey are feral cats. Its not a very productive activity, but its a chance for women to show off their skill acquisition.

Paula
Keep on running: Paula Radcliffe continued to train through her two pregnancies. Photograph: Getty Images

Indeed, women are known to be particularly good at endurance running, notes Marlene Zuk, who runs a lab focusing on evolutionary biology at the University of Minnesota. In her 2013 book Paleofantasy, she writes that womens running abilities decline extremely slowly into old age. Theyve been known to go long distances even while pregnant. In 2011, for example, Amber Miller ran the Chicago marathon before giving birth seven hours later. World record holder Paula Radcliffe has trained through two pregnancies.

Why, then, are we not all Amazons? Why do we imagine femininity to mean small, waif-like bodies? The lives of most ordinary women, outside the pages of magazines, destroy this notion. Visiting Indias cities, I see female construction workers lining the streets, hauling piles of bricks on their heads to building sites. In Kenya, I meet female security guards everywhere, patrolling offices and hotels. Out in rural areas, there are women doing hard physical labour, often hauling their children in slings. Our ancestors would have done the same.

In evolutionary terms, these were the circumstances under which our bodies were forged. For an enormous chunk of early human history, as we migrated through Africa to the rest of the world, women would also have travelled hundreds or thousands of miles, sometimes under extreme environmental conditions. Just reproducing and surviving in these conditions, talk about natural selection! Im told by Adrienne Zihlman, an anthropologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, when I visit her at her home in San Francisco.

Zihlman has dedicated her career to understanding human anatomy, and in particular the evolution of womens bodies. Women have to reproduce. That means being pregnant for nine months. Theyve got to lactate. Theyve got to carry these kids. Theres something about being a human female that was shaped by evolution. Theres a lot of mortality along the way that really can account for it.

When I gave birth to my son, I did the most physically demanding thing a human can do. Yet I am considered the weaker sex. Zihlman reminds me that my body was made strong by the struggles of countless generations of women who went before. There is something about the female form, the female psyche, just the whole package, that was honed over thousands and thousands, even millions, of years to survive, she smiles. I happen to remember, in that moment, that at home I do all the DIY.

Myths and misses: five more things you didnt know about women and men

Separate symptoms Women and men present different symptoms for the same medical conditions. Women are more likely to have insomnia and fatigue in the weeks before they have a heart attack, rather than the chest pain commonly experienced by men.

Changes of life Women in India, Japan and China experience far fewer menopause symptoms than western women who commonly report hot flushes, night sweats, depression and insomnia. Scientists at Kings College London argue this could be due to women lumping together their experience of growing older with the menopause.

Casual sex Women are choosier but not more chaste than men. A study by two German researchers, Andreas Baranowski and Heiko Hecht, found that women want casual sex just as much as men and were as likely as males to have sex with a stranger, as long as it was in a safe environment.

Boys toys A 2010 study by Professor Melissa Hines at the University of Cambridge found that girls on average were genetically predisposed to prefer dolls while boys liked to play with mechanical toys such as trains.

Risky business Testosterone is associated with higher levels of optimism, rather than aggression. Saliva samples taken from traders on the London Stock Exchange confirmed they had higher than average testosterone levels. Scientists from Britain, the USA and Spain concluded this increase made the traders more optimistic so more likely to take big financial risks.

Inferior: How Science Got Women Wrong and the New Research Thats Rewriting the Story by Angela Saini is published by Fourth Estate

Main photograph: Acrobats JD and Nikki; Stylist Hope Lawrie; special effects make-up Julia Bowden

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jun/11/the-weaker-sex-science-that-shows-women-are-stronger-than-men