Janice Dickinson remembers feeling ‘anger, disgust and ashamed’ in testimony on alleged rape by Bill Cosby

Norristown, Pennsylvania (CNN)Reality TV star and supermodel Janice Dickinson testified in court Thursday that she confronted Bill Cosby and wanted to punch him in the face after she said he drugged her and raped her in a hotel in Lake Tahoe in 1982.

“I wanted to hit him, I wanted to punch him in the face,” she said. “I can remember feeling anger, disgust, and ashamed.”
Dickinson is the fourth “prior bad acts” witness to testify in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, court against Cosby, 80, in his trial on three charges of aggravated indecent assault.
    The criminal charges deal solely with Cosby’s actions toward Andrea Constand, a former Temple University employee who says Cosby drugged and then assaulted her at his home in January 2004.
    She is scheduled to begin her testimony Friday morning.
    However, prosecutors are allowed to seek testimony from up to five other women who have said Cosby also drugged and assaulted them in previous incidents. The prosecution argues that these “prior bad acts” witnesses show that Cosby’s behavior shows a pattern of misconduct and he did not make a one-time mistake in his actions toward Constand.
    Cosby has said the sex with Constand was consensual.

    ‘I couldn’t move’

    Dickinson, now 63, was a supermodel in 1982 and said Cosby flew her out to Lake Tahoe, a resort area on the California-Nevada border, to meet her.
    At dinner with him and another man, she mentioned she had menstrual cramps, she testified. Cosby said he had something for that and she said she was given a blue pill.
    They went to a room, and she began to feel lightheaded and couldn’t get the right words out, she testified. Cosby then got on top her, she testified.
    “He smelled like cigars and espresso and his body odor,” she said. “I couldn’t move, I felt like I was rendered motionless.”
    “Here was America’s dad on top of me, happily married man with five children and how very wrong it was,” she said.
    She recalled feeling vaginal pain.
    “I passed out after he entered me. It was gross,” she testified.
    When she woke up, she was sore and remembers her pajamas were halfway off, she testified. That’s when she confronted him.
    During a spirited cross-examination, Cosby’s defense attorney Tom Mesereau asked why a passage in Dickinson’s 2002 book about the Lake Tahoe visit does not say she and Cosby had sex.
    “I wasn’t under oath when I wrote that book,” she testified.
    Heidi Thomas, Chelan Lasha and Janice Baker-Kinney have each testified over the past few days that Cosby incapacitated them with drugs or wine and then assaulted them in separate incidents in 1984, 1986 and 1982, respectively.
    On cross-examination, Cosby’s defense attorneys have worked to point out inconsistencies in their stories. In opening statements, Mesereau called the prosecution’s strategy with these witnesses “prosecution by distraction” because they did not have enough evidence in Constand’s case.
    “When you don’t have a case, you have to fill the time with something else,” Mesereau said. “Remember my words as you listen to the people testify.”

    Woman says she felt dizzy after Cosby gave her drink

    The fifth and final prior accuser to testify, Lise-Lotte Lublin, said she remembered being in Cosby’s room and blacking out, but does not remember a sexual assault.
    She was 23 in 1989 when her modeling agency arranged for her to meet “The Cosby Show” star. She said Cosby spent time with her family and introduced her as his daughter to others.
    “I felt like he was representing himself as a father figure and a mentor to me,” she said.
    She said Cosby offered her a drink at another meeting in Las Vegas, one about acting. She said she told him she didn’t drink but he said that it would relax her.
    “I kind of trusted him because he’s America’s dad,” she said.
    She testified she began to feel dizzy within minutes, and he asked her to come sit with him. She sat in front of him between his legs and he began to touch her hair, she recalled.
    She vaguely remembers walking down a hallway of a hotel suite, she said. She remembers nothing from then until she woke up at home in her bed, she told the court.
    Years later, in January 2015, after hearing accounts from other women, she said she realized “something else had happened after I blacked out. I don’t know what it was, but I believe I know what it was.”
    Defense attorney Kathleen Bliss asked her about testimony and prior statements, in an apparent attempt to point out inconsistencies about her comments about sitting between Cosby’s legs.
    Bliss also targeted Lublin’s memory.
    “You have absolutely no idea if you were sexually assaulted,” Bliss said.
    “I don’t know what happened after I blacked out,” Lublin replied.

    Read more: https://www.cnn.com/2018/04/12/us/bill-cosby-trial-janice-dickinson/index.html

    Eight feminist ways to love your body | Van Badham

    A young woman from Perth has declared next month to be Weigh Free May. I am so in

    I always end up feeling like shit when I look at Instagram, said Selena Gomez, who has 133 million Instagram followers, when she was interviewed by Vogue last year.

    Selena. Freakin. Gomez.

    Of course, shes not the only one. In 2017, the UKs Royal Society for Public Health released a survey of 1,479 young people analysed on their attitudes to social media and found that Instagram, where personal photos take centre stage, received the worst scores for body image and anxiety.

    Instagram easily makes girls and women feel as if their bodies arent good enough, admitted a respondent.

    But blaming social media for womens poor body image is easy. Harder to face is that Instagram is just the latest platform for the insidious syndrome of relentless body-hating our culture encourages in women. On this subject, a Glosswitch piece in the New Statesman exhorted feminists to remember the analysis in older tracts like Susie Orbachs Fat is a Feminist Issue and Naomi Wolfs The Beauty Myth, that oppression was structural and bodies were real.

    Once upon a time, we may have been angry about this, she despaired.

    Is feminism failing in the fight for the female body? The $160bn global beauty industry is growing at up to 7% a year, more than twice the rate of the developed worlds GDP.

    My own belief is that its hard to escape a cage with a shape that keeps changing. Feminism may have accepted Naomi Wolfs 1990 dictum that dieting is the most potent political sedative in womens history but in 2018 #cleaneating and #fitspo dont admit to being diet cults, even 37m or 54m Instagram posts later. In her latest book, Natural Causes, Barbara Ehrenrich criticises the recent paradigm shift in which now, health is indistinguishable from virtue. The last decade has witnessed the emergence of orthorexia an eating disorder in which a fixation for healthy eating is what causes one harm.

    However the propaganda message redesigns itself, we cant we must not abandon a feminist imperative to own our bodies as sites of our unconditional love.

    Its an activist mission thats inspired Grace Ritter to declare Weigh Free May. The 24-year-old student from Perth is now in recovery from an eating disorder that dominated her life for 10 years. Shes created a website and Facebook group, encouraging others to let go of obsessive, aesthetic self-assessment for just one month.

    Her campaign requires no donation, there are no events beyond your own commitment: I just wanted to start up a way to get people talking and thinking about ways they could be valuable and things they could do, she says, that werent about shrinking themselves.

    Grace, I am so in. And in the belief that bodily comfort is a feminist act, Id thought Id share my own super scientific recommendations for simple ways to celebrate your body in a weigh-free May.

    A
    A poster from Grace Ritters Weigh Free May campaign. Photograph: https://www.weighfreemay.com/

    My eight feminist ways to love your body again

    Take an Epsom salt bath. You can buy box of magnesium crystals for about five bucks (2.50) in the supermarket, and poured into a bathtub of warm water they make a sound like fairy magic. The Epsom Salt Council claims the magical properties of a long soak include relaxing muscles, nursing bruises, softening skin and relieving irritations like sunburn. At the very least, you can relax in the tub safe in the knowledge that somewhere in the world theres an Epsom Salt Council.

    Wear comfy slippers. A fancy pair of slippers not only make your feet feel like kissed princesses, they also decrease your risk of catching colds and flu by keeping you warm. Changing into slippers stops you from traipsing gross germs from outside to inside, keeps your carpets cleaner, reduces risk of foot infections, prolongs the life of your socks, prevents floorbound slips, and makes you more productive. Relaxed workers as it turns out get more work done.

    Cuddle a puppy. Puppies are fluffy bombs of love and adoration that keep you warm and cosy and live for your physical presence. Theyre also powerful chemical weapons that activate oxytocin in the brain, reducing bodily stress, improving the immune system and lessening the impact of pain.

    Enjoy casual sex. Researchers from NYU and Cornell University concluded that if you want to have casual sex, you definitely should as doing so lowers stress and raises overall emotional wellbeing. Only when people bring their hangups to hookups do they become problematic. And theres a really easy way not to get emotionally hung up on a sex partner. Have a shower and leave, deleting their number on the way out. What you experienced can live on forever in your own smug smile.

    Share a cake. Cake is delicious. And according to researcher Penny Wilson from ANU, the consumption of cake also connects us to its social role as a symbol of joy and celebration; the conveyor of history, culture and tradition; as a token of love, belonging and social occasion. These are lovely feelings to share with another person. So get someone over and have another piece.

    Get around in bamboo underpants. Theyre so soft! Theyre made from sustainable material! They hug your bum like a baby blanket all day and even better discourage the proliferation of vaginal thrush. No, they do not resemble any costume of a Vegas showgirl but, girls, anyone who kicks you out of bed for being comfortable is not gonna provide you much comfort in bed.

    Have a cup of tea. Sure, tea reduces risk of heart attack and stroke, may help protect your bones, can alleviate depressive symptoms and studies suggest it can diminish cancer-risk, but the main reason to have a tea is that its tasty. Its dreamy flavours and perfumes are transportive. If you brew a quality teabag of black tea in boiling water for no less than three minutes, no more than five, remove the bag and add milk to taste, take a deep sniff and sip … hating anything is really hard.

    And, remember, Celeste Barber is good for you. If ever there was an antidote for the body hating blues, it would have to be the Australian comedian. Her legendary Instagram account doesnt only mock the falsity of Instaperfection, but inspires a vision of female experience in every way superior for a failure to live up to it.

    Because we can starve ourselves, measure our pieces, work ourselves into the metal of the gym-machines, suck in our cheeks and become obsessed with our own shame for doing so.

    But maybe May is a good month to put on our slippers, get comfortable, watch Celeste and observe that eating chips off the floor, dancing around in your pants and spraying yourself in the face with a hose really does look a lot more like fun.

    • Van Badham is a Guardian Australia columnist

    Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/apr/13/eight-feminist-ways-to-love-your-body-without-even-leaving-the-house

    49 Health “Facts” You’ve Been Told All Your Life That Are Totally Wrong

    Carrots give you night vision. Swimming after eating will give you cramps. You need to drink eight glasses of water a day. Organic food is more nutritious and free of pesticides. 

    Nope, nope, nope, and nope.

    Who hasn’t shared these and other amazing-sounding notions about about health and the human body, only to feel embarrassed later on — when you find out the information was inaccurate or flat-out wrong?

    It’s time to put an end to these alluring myths, misconceptions, and inaccuracies passed down through the ages.

    To help the cause we’ve rounded up and corrected dozens of the most popular health “facts” that we’ve heard.

    Have any favorites we missed? Send them to science@techinsider.io.

    Kevin Loria, Lauren Friedman, Kelly Dickerson, Jennifer Welsh, and Sean Kane contributed to this post. Robert Ferris contributed to a previous version.

    MYTH: Milk does a body good!

    This is an incredibly successful bit of advertising that has wormed its way into our brains and policies to make milk seem magical.

    The US Department of Agriculture tells us that adults should drink three cups of milk a day, mostly for calcium and vitamin D.

    However, multiple studies show that there isn’t an association between drinking more milk (or taking calcium and vitamin D supplements) and having fewer bone fractures.

    Some studies have even shown an association with higher overall mortality, and while that doesn’t mean that milk consumption itself was responsible, it’s certainly not an endorsement.

    Sources: Business Insider, NYTimes, Journal of Bone Mineral Research, JAMA Pediatrics, The Lancet, British Medical Journal

    MYTH: Organic food is pesticide-free and more nutritious.

    naotakem via Flickr

    Organic food isn’t free of pesticides and it isn’t necessarily better for you.

    Farmers who grow organic produce are permitted to use chemicals that are naturally derived — and in some cases are actually worse for the environment than their synthetic counterparts. However, pesticide levels on both organic and non-organic foods are so low that they aren’t of concern for consumption, according to the USDA.

    Eating organic food also doesn’t come with any nutritional benefits over non-organic food, according to a review of 98,727 potentially relevant studies.

    Sources: University of California – Berkeley, Annals of Internal Medicine, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    MYTH: Eating food within 5 seconds of dropping it on the floor is safe.

    It’s the worst when something you really wanted to eat falls on the floor. But if you grab it in five seconds, it’s ok, right?

    The five-second-rule isn’t a real thing. Bacteria can contaminate a food within milliseconds.

    Mythbusting tests show that moist foods attract more bacteria than dry foods, but there’s no “safe duration.” Instead, safety depends on how clean the surface you dropped the food on is.

    Whether you eat it or not after that is up to you, but if the people that walk on that floor are also walking around New York City, for example, we wouldn’t recommend it.

    Sources: Business Insider, Discovery.com

    MYTH: The chemical tryptophan in turkey makes you sleepy.

    Who doesn’t love the post-Thanksgiving nap? After all, turkey contains tryptophan — an amino acid that is a component of some of the brain chemicals that help you relax.

    But plenty of foods contain tryptophan. Cheddar cheese has even more than turkey, yet cheddar is never pointed out as a sleep inducing food.

    Experts say that instead, the carbs, alcohol, and general size of the turkey-day feast are the cause of those delicious holiday siestas.

    Sources: Business Insider, LiveScience

    MYTH: Eating chocolate gives you acne.

    False.

    For one month, scientists fed dozens of people candy bars containing 10 times the usual amount of chocolate, and dozens of others fake chocolate bars.

    When they counted the zits before and after each diet, there was “no difference” between the two groups. Neither the chocolate nor the fat seemed to have any effect on acne.

    Source: JAMA

    MYTH: An apple a day keeps the doctor away.

    Apples are packed with vitamin C and fiber, both of which are important to long-term health, but they aren’t all you need.

    And if certain viruses or bacteria get into your system, an apple will unfortunately do nothing to protect you.

    Go ahead and get that flu shot, even if you eat apples.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: Natural sugar like honey is better for you than processed sugar.

    A granola bar made with honey instead of high-fructose corn syrup is not better for you.

    That’s because sugar in natural products like fruit and synthetic products like candy is the same: “Scientists would be surprised to hear about the ‘clear superiority’ of honey, since there is a near unanimous consensus that the biological effect of high-fructose corn syrup are essentially the same as those of honey,” professor Alan Levinovitz told Business Insider.

    The problem is that candy and other related products typically contain more sugar per serving, which means more calories — a difference you should actually be watching out for.

    Sources: Business Insider, SciShow, Dr. Joy Dubost/Huffington Post

    MYTH: Coffee stunts your growth.

    Susanne Nilsson/Flickr

    Most research finds no correlation between caffeine consumption and bone growth in kids.

    In adults, researchers have seen that increased caffeine consumption can very slightly limit calcium absorption, but the impact is so small that a tablespoon of milk will more than adequately offset the effects of a cup of coffee.

    Advertising seems to be largely responsible for this myth: Cereal manufacturer named C.W. Post was trying to market a morning beverage called “Postum” as an alternative to coffee, so he ran ads on the “evils” of Americans’ favorite hot beverage, calling it a “nerve poison” that should never be served to children.

    Sources: Business Insider (1, 2), Smithsonian Magazine

    MYTH: Eating ice cream will make your cold worse.

    If you’re home sick with a cold, you can totally go ahead and comfort yourself with some ice cream.

    The idea that dairy increases mucous production is very fortunately not true, according to researchers and a doctor at the Mayo Clinic, who says “in fact, frozen dairy products can soothe a sore throat and provide calories when you otherwise may not eat.”

    Bless him.

    Sources: Business Insider, American Review of Respiratory Disease, Mayo Clinic

    MYTH: Sugar is as addictive as heroin.

    In the 2009 book “Fat Chance,” the author, Dr. Robert Lustig, claims that sugar stimulates the brain’s reward system the same way that tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, and even heroin does, and therefore must be equally addictive. Lustig even cites studies that show parts of our brain that light-up from a sugary reward are the same parts that get excited for many types of enjoyable activities, from drinking alcohol to having sex.

    The problem, however, with these types of scientific studies of the brain is that “In neuroimaging, there is no clear-cut sign of addiction,” Hisham Ziaudden, an eating behavioral specialist, told Levinovitz.

    So, scientists don’t know what addiction in the brain looks like, yet, and until that mystery is solved we should not be living in fear from something as fanciful as sugar addiction.

    Source: Business Insider (1, 2), “Fat Chance

    MYTH: Sugar and chocolates are aphrodisiacs.

    In the mid 19th century — before sugar purportedly caused diabetes or hyperactivity — sugar was thought to ignite sexual desire in women, children, and, more controversially, the poor.

    One vintage Kellogg advertisement even claimed “Candies, spices, cinnamon, cloves, peppermint, and all strong essences powerfully excited the genital organs and lead to the [solitary vice].”

    So don’t get worked up over sugar. There’s little to no evidence to support the notion that it — or any food, including chocolates — stimulates sexual desire.

    Sources: Business Insider, Mayo Clinic

    MYTH: Sugar causes hyperactivity in children.

    Numerous scientific studies have tried and failed to find any evidence that supports this off-the-wall notion.

    The myth probably emerged in 1974, when Dr. William Crook wrote a letter to the American Academy of Pediatrics, which published it. “Only in the past three years have I become aware that sugar … is a leading cause of hyperactivity,” the letter stated.

    A letter does not include the rigorous scientific research that a paper does, and according to the National Institute of Mental Health: “The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or makes symptoms worse is popular, but more research discounts this theory than supports it.”

    Sources: University of Arkansas for Medial Sciences, Business Insider, NIH

    MYTH: Your blood turns blue when it’s out of oxygen.

    Your blood is never blue: It turns dark red when it’s not carrying oxygen.

    Blood only looks blue because you are seeing it through several layers of tissue, which filters the color.

    Source: UCSB ScienceLine

    MYTH: Humans have five senses.

    Sight, smell, taste, hearing, and touch are just the beginning.

    Don’t forget about balance, temperature, and time, as well as proprioception — the body awareness that helps us not walk into things all the time — and nociception, our sense of pain.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: The hymen is a sheet of tissue that blocks a women’s vagina.

    content-1522669384-myth-the-hymen-is-a-s
    Flickr / CarbonNYC

    Wrong.

    Guys, the hymen is a thin membrane that only partially blocks the vaginal opening — if a woman is born with one at all.

    Also, plenty of activities other than sex can stretch or damage the hymen, including exercise or inserting a tampon.

    Sources: Columbia University, College Humor

    MYTH: Eating a lot of carrots gives you great night vision.sd

    Vitamin A is a major nutrient found in carrots, and it is good for the health of your eyes — especially those with poor vision. But eating a bunch of the vegetables won’t give your all-seeing superpowers.

    The myth is thought to have started during as a piece of British propaganda during World War II. That government wanted to secret the existence of a radar technology that allowed its bomber pilots to attack in the night.

    Source: Tech Insider, Smithsonian Magazine

    MYTH: Pregnancy gives you “baby brain” and makes you dumb.

    Studies on this turn up mixed results, at best.

    Some studies on changes to working memory during pregnancy do show a small effect on the brain, though other studies show no negative impacts whatsoever.

    There’s actually growing evidence that being pregnant makes women more organized and smarter, at least, according to a study on rats.

    It makes sense, though, since pregnant women and new mothers have a lot more to worry about and think about — for their brains to keep up they may even be getting a boost.

    Sources: Dr. Myra Wick/Mayo Clinic, New Scientist

    MYTH: Hair and nails keep growing after death.

    Hair and fingernails do not keep growing once someone dies.

    Instead, the skin dries out and shrinks, giving the appearance of further growth.

    Sources: Lecture Notes: Dermatology, Tech Insider

    MYTH: Humans can’t grow new brain cells.

    You are not born with all of the brain cells you will ever have.

    There is plenty of evidence that the brain continues to produce new cells in at least a few brain regions well into adulthood, through a process called neurogenesis.

    Source: The Scientist

    MYTH: It takes 7 years for gum to digest if you swallow it.

    flickr user: sembrandogirasoles

    Nope.

    Gum is mostly indigestible, but the occasional swallowed piece will pass through your intestines and exit the other side, just like anything else you eat that your body doesn’t need and can’t digest.

    The only cases where swallowed gum has caused a problem is when that gum is swallowed along with other things that shouldn’t be in your stomach.

    Scientific American cites a case where a 4-year-old girl suffered a gastrointestinal blockage — from a wad of gum with four coins inside of it.

    Sources: Business Insider, Scientific American

    MYTH: Your microwave can give you cancer and disrupt your pacemaker.

    Microwave radiation won’t cause cancer, it just heats food up.

    Only a few types of radiation cause cancer, and these depend on the dose. Radiation from the sun can cause skin cancer, for example, but just enough helps your body make Vitamin D, too.

    Microwaves also won’t disrupt a pacemaker. However, things like anti-theft systems, metal detectors, powerful refrigerator magnets, mobile phones, and even headphones can mess with the heartbeat-keeping devices.

    Sources: Cancer Research UK, American Heart Association

    MYTH: Drugs make “holes” in your brain.

    That doesn’t mean drugs are good for your brain.

    Many drugs (illicit and otherwise) can significantly alter your brain’s structure and disrupt its function. But none will turn a healthy brain into a stack of Swiss cheese.

    Sources: Business Insider, Scientific American

    MYTH: You need to wait an hour after eating to swim or you can cramp and drown.

    The theory behind this seems to be that digesting food will draw blood to your stomach, meaning that less blood is available for your muscles, making them more likely to cramp.

    But there’s no evidence to support this claim.

    In fact, many sources say there are no documented cases of anyone ever drowning because they’ve had a cramp related to swimming with a full stomach.

    Cramps do happen frequently when swimming, but they aren’t caused by what’s in your stomach. If you do get one, the best policy is to float for a minute and let it pass.

    Sources: Business Insider, Washington Post, TodayIFoundOut.com

    MYTH: Taking your vitamins will keep you healthy.

    Flickr

    Vitamins sound like a great idea: One pill that can provide you everything you need to be healthy!

    If only they worked.

    Decades of research on vitamins hasn’t found any justification for our multivitamin habit, and in some cases, vitamins have actually been associated with an increased risk of various cancers.

    Sources: Business Insider, Scientific American

    MYTH: Everyone should drink eight glasses of water a day.

    Hydration is very important, but the idea that eight glasses of water is essential is a strange one.

    In healthy people, researchers have not found any connection between fluid intake and kidney disease, heart disease, sodium levels, or skin quality.

    But water is a calorie-free alternative to other beverages (especially sugary ones like soda or sports drinks), and people who drink water instead of those beverages consume fewer calories overall.

    A good rule is to drink when you’re thirsty — you don’t need to count the glasses.

    Source: Business Insider, FiveThirtyEight, Nutrition Reviews

    MYTH: Carbonated water isn’t as hydrating as flat water.

    Just because water is fizzy and refreshing doesn’t mean it’s bad for you.

    In one of many studies that bust this myth, researchers made men bike on several occasions until they sweated off 4% of their body weight — then immediately handed them a drink.

    One time the cyclists got flat water, another time carbonated water, yet another sugar water, and during a final trial everyone drank carbonated sugar water.

    The results? Carbonation did not make any difference when it came to rehydrating.

    Source: International Journal of Sports Medicine

    MYTH: Yogurt will help put your digestive system back in order.

    Yogurt is often marketed as helping digestion and slimming our figure because of probiotics — the idea that “good bacteria” living in the yogurt will shack up in our guts.

    Bacteria are well-connected to our metabolism and obesity rates, among other things, so the connection seems logical.

    However, we don’t yet understand how the millions of bacteria already in our bodies work together, let alone when yogurt is added into the mix.

    This is not to say that yogurt is unhealthy, just that its benefits are oversold. Keep in mind, though, that a lot of yogurt is packed with sugar, which we do know contributes to obesity and other problems — so if you enjoy the dairy product, find some that isn’t full of empty calories.

    Sources: Business Insider, Tech Insider

    MYTH: You lose 90% of your body heat through your head.

    Not really.

    You lose body heat through anything that’s uncovered, and your head is more likely to be exposed than other areas of your body.

    “Most of the time when we’re outside in the cold, we’re clothed,” Dr. Richard Ingebretsen told WebMD Magazine. “If you don’t have a hat on, you lose heat through your head, just as you would lose heat through your legs if you were wearing shorts.”

    Sources: Business Insider,”Don’t Swallow Your Gum!: Myths, Half-Truths, and Outright Lies About Your Body and Health,” WedMD Magazine

    MYTH: Breaking the seal means you’ll have to pee more all night.

    Alcohol is a diuretic, so it’s already going to make you pee a lot.

    “Breaking the seal” the first time will not increase the amount of times you have to go to the bathroom — but drinking lots of alcohol will.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: You can cure a hangover by drinking more.

    Flickr/Viewminder

    The “hair of the dog” is a myth — a mimosa or Bloody Mary in the morning won’t make you feel better. At best, you’re just prolonging the hangover.

    Same goes for coffee after a night of drinking. Like alcohol, coffee is a diuretic, so it will dehydrate your body even more and likely prolong the hangover.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: Drinking alcohol kills your brain cells.

    Excessive drinking can damage the connections between brain cells, but won’t actually zap any of your neurons.

    That said, children with fetal alcohol syndrome often have fewer brain cells, and excessive drinking over long periods of time can indeed damage the brain — just not in the way you may think.

    Sources: Business Insider, NIH, New York Times

    MYTH: Eating before drinking keeps you sober.

    Business Insider

    Eating before drinking does help your body absorb alcohol, but it only delays the alcohol entering your bloodstream, it doesn’t restrict it.

    Your body absorbs the alcohol more slowly after a big meal, so eating before drinking can help limit the severity of your hangover. Eating a lot after drinking, however, won’t do much to help your hangover.

    Source: Business Insider

    MYTH: Beer before liquor, never sicker; liquor before beer, you’re in the clear.

    Alcohol is alcohol, and too much of it will make anyone feel sick.

    “There is no evidence that drinking in a particular order alters how sick you get,” Julia Chester, a behavioral neuroscientist at Purdue, told NBC.

    However, people who switch from beer to mixed drinks (with senses and judgment already dulled) may be less likely likely to monitor their alcohol consumption and thus drink more.

    This may be because your body metabolizes beer and mixed drinks faster than higher-concentration alcohol (like a shot of whiskey). Adding liquor to a stomach-full of beer could, in theory, create a sort of mixed drink that would metabolize faster than one or the other on its own.

    But while “liquor before beer” seems partly true, we’ll mostly chalk up “never sicker” to bad decision-making.

    Sources: Business Insider, NBC News, Gizmodo

    MYTH: Memories lost during alcohol-induced blackouts can be remembered.

    If you wake up fuzzy on the details from the night before, you probably shouldn’t even bother trying to remember: It’s impossible. When we drink too much the part of our brain that encodes memories actually switches off.

    People claiming they remember what happened after they blacked out are probably having what are called false memories.

    Sources: Business Insider, Memory

    MYTH: Brown sugar is healthier than white sugar.

    Sugar that’s the color of dirt doesn’t make it more “natural” or healthier than its white counterpart. The color comes from a common residual sticky syrup, called molasses.

    Brown sugar retains some of that molasses. In fact, brown sugar is mostly white sugar with some molasses — so refining it further would give you white table sugar.

    While molasses contains some vitamins and minerals like potassium and magnesium, there is not enough in your standard brown sugar packet that should make you reach for it if you’re trying to eat healthier.

    As far as your body is concerned, white and brown sugar are one-in-the-same.

    Sources: Business Insider,”The Dispensatory of the United States of America,” Self Nutrition Data

    MYTH: Brown sugar is healthier than white sugar.

    Sugar that’s the color of dirt doesn’t make it more “natural” or healthier than its white counterpart. The color comes from a common residual sticky syrup, called molasses.

    Brown sugar retains some of that molasses. In fact, brown sugar is mostly white sugar with some molasses — so refining it further would give you white table sugar.

    While molasses contains some vitamins and minerals like potassium and magnesium, there is not enough in your standard brown sugar packet that should make you reach for it if you’re trying to eat healthier.

    As far as your body is concerned, white and brown sugar are one-in-the-same.

    Sources: Business Insider,”The Dispensatory of the United States of America,” Self Nutrition Data

    MYTH: Sitting too close to the TV is bad for your eyes.

    The most this will do is give you a headache from eye fatigue.

    This rumor probably started with old TVs, which produced some X-rays, but newer ones don’t.

    Source: New York Times

    MYTH: Vaccines cause autism.

    If you decide to wade into this one at the dinner table, we’d recommend calmly explaining that this idea started with a now thoroughly-debunked — and retracted — study of only 12 children that appeared in 1998 in The Lancet, which claimed there was a link between the MMR vaccine and autism.

    That study was not only flawed, but it also sneaked in false information to try and make its point.

    Since then, numerous studies that have analyzed data from more than a million children have shown that there’s no connection between vaccines and autism.

    Fears about that connection persist because of public figures making (unknowingly or otherwise) false claims about vaccines. This has led to scary diseases like measles coming back and to vaccination rates in some wealthy Los Angeles neighborhoods that are similar to those in Chad or the South Sudan.

    Sources: Business Insider (1, 2, 3), PBS, The Lancet

    MYTH: Sugar causes diabetes.

    Eating sugar in moderation won’t give you diabetes.

    The American Diabetes Association, while it recommends that people avoid soda and sports drinks, is quick to point out that diabetes is a complex disease, and there’s not enough evidence to say that eating sugar is the direct cause.

    However, both weight gain and consuming sugary drinks are associated with a heightened risk, and (large) portion size seems to be most crucial when it comes to sugar and diabetes.

    Sources: Business Insider, Tech Insider, American Diabetes Association, PLoS ONE

    MYTH: Chinese food with MSG will make you sick.

    Flickr/acedout

    The myth that MSG (monosodium glutamate) is bad for you comes from a letter a doctor wrote to the New England Journal of Medicine in 1968, where he coined the phrase “Chinese restaurant syndrome” and blamed a variety of symptoms including numbness and general weakness on MSG.

    Further research has not backed him up.

    The scientific consensus according the American Chemical Society is that “MSG can temporarily affect a select few when consumed in huge quantities on an empty stomach, but it’s perfectly safe for the vast majority of people.”

    MSG is nothing more than a common amino acid with a sodium atom added. Eating a ton of food or tablespoons full of the salt could cause the general malaise attributed to the flavor enhancer, and the placebo effect is more than strong enough to account for the negative effects sometimes associated with MSG.

    Sources: Business Insider (1, 2), Tech Insider

    MYTH: Children who drink soda are at a greater risk of becoming obese.

    In “Fed Up,” a documentary film that probes the supposed causes of America’s obesity epidemic, you hear the alarming statistic that “One soda a day increases a child’s chance of obesity by 60%.”

    Authors of the study this statistic comes from note their findings “cannot prove causality” — but that’s not what sugar-shaming movie producers would have you think.

    Drinking too much calorie-loaded soda is likely unhealthy, but it’s not the sole factor driving a rise in childhood obesity.

    The CDC advises parents to do what they can to protect against obesity by encouraging healthy lifestyle habits that include healthy eating and exercise, both of which will likely do more for a child’s waistline than trying to completely cut sugar.

    Sources: Business Insider. “Fed Up,” The Lancet, CDC

    MYTH: Cracking your knuckles will give you arthritis.

    Fortunately, this isn’t true either.

    Cracking your knuckles may annoy the people around you, but even people who have done it frequently for many years are not more likely to develop arthritis than those who don’t.

    Sources: Business Insider, Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine

    MYTH: Starve a fever, feed a cold.

    A tiny and largely misinterpreted study in 2002 recently fanned the flames of this myth, but limiting your caloric consumption may actually hurt your immune system more than helping it — it would certainly be a bad idea to not eat during the six- to eight-day duration of a cold.

    Instead, doctors say to go ahead and eat if you can. The more accurate expression would be “feed a cold, feed a fever.” And make sure to drink plenty of fluids.

    Sources: Business Insider, BBC, Scientific American

    MYTH: Green snot means a bacterial infection and yellow snot a viral one.

    The color of your snot can’t indicate a bacterial versus a viral infection. It varies from clear to yellow to green with a variety of illnesses and lengths of infection.

    Whatever your snot’s color might be, if you’re not feeling well and haven’t been for days, it’s time to see a doctor.

    Sources: Tech Insider, Medline Plus, Cleveland Clinic, Medline Plus

    MYTH: A juice cleanse will detoxify you after an eating binge.

    Your body naturally removes harmful chemicals through the liver, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract — there’s nothing about juice that will hurry that process along.

    At best, juicing removes digestion-aiding fiber from fruits and vegetables. Also consider that many sugary fruit juices are as bad for you as sodas.

    And while some juices are just fine, they don’t provide anything that you wouldn’t get by eating the whole components instead.

    Sources: Tech Insider, Business Insider (1, 2, 3)

    MYTH: All people with Tourette’s syndrome yell swear words.

    Flickr/suuswansink

    Only a small percentage of people with Tourette syndrome randomly yell out swear words.

    It actually encompasses a lot more than that, including involuntary movements and different sound tics.

    The swearing tic is called coprolalia.

    Source: Child Mind Institute

    MYTH: Being cold can give you a cold.

    There’s no evidence that going outside with wet hair when it’s freezing will make you sick — provided you avoid hypothermia.

    But there is a scientifically sound explanation for why people catch more colds in winter: We spend more time in close quarters indoors, it is more likely that we’ll cross paths with a cold-causing virus spread from another person during the winter.

    Sources: Business Insider, LiveScience, CNN

    MYTH: Being stressed will give you high blood pressure.

    Stress doesn’t play a large role in chronic high blood pressure.

    Acute stress can temporarily increase blood pressure, but overall it’s not a main cause of hypertension. Things like genetics, smoking, and a bad diet are much bigger factors.

    Source: British Medical Journal

    MYTH: People get warts from frogs and toads.

    Frogs or toads won’t give you warts, but shaking hands with someone who has warts can.

    The human papillomavirus is what gives people warts, and it is unique to humans.

    Source: WebMD

    MYTH: Humans got HIV because someone had sex with a monkey.

    HIV probably didn’t jump to humans through human-monkey sex.

    It probably jumped to humans through hunting of monkeys for bushmeat food, which led to blood-to-blood contact.

    Source: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives In Medicine

    Read the original article on Business Insider. Follow us on Facebook and Twitter. Copyright 2018.

    Read next on Business Insider: 4 exercise routines you can do without a gym membership, according to fitness experts

    Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/49-health-facts-youve-been-told-all-your-life-that-are-totally-wrong-1/

    5 Stupid Things We Need To Stop Clicking On

    We are living through the final gasps of the Information Age. Experts estimate that 62 percent of all information we now receive is deliberately false, and that includes the percentage and experts I made up at the start of this sentence. The sad truth is, most of you will never have the critical thinking or research skills to know what’s real, and that will only make you more sure about the wrong things your stupid ass believes. The good news is that this article isn’t about that shit. The fake news fight is over, and stupid won. No, this article is about the dumb things we all keep falling for — even you, the genius who chose the right political side and religion.

    5

    Pointlessly Insane Products Are Not That At All

    Last year, Tiffany & Co. started selling the Sterling Silver Tin Can, an empty can that costs $1,000. You’ll notice that this is far more than you’d normally pay for soupless garbage. To be clear, this wasn’t some tin can that once held Prince’s final green beans. It’s only a can. As an artistic statement, it was 50 years stale, and as a money-making scheme, it was somewhere between a portable diarrhea box and that same product without a lid. It’s the kind of idea that would make the other Saved By The Bell writers say, “Look, if you’re not ready to come back to work, take more time off to deal with the death of your son.” The point I’m making is that it’s hard not to comment on Tiffany’s silly can, and that’s more appealing to Tiffany & Co. than when we comment on how the people who mined their products all died of slavery.

    “Darling, I was part of many souls transcending penetration to transform a utilitarian men’s room into an installment of signature Tiffany oeuvre.” — this Tiffany copywriter explaining to his wife why there are seven colors of pubic hair in his underpants

    And it’s not only tin cans and Wu-Tang albums that are marketed in intentionally strange ways. Food advertisers have figured out that they can get more attention by being ridiculous than by being delicious. Remember when KFC used fried chicken as sandwich bread in the Double Down? Or when Chick-Fil-A announced that their fried chicken hated gay people with the Cajun Titty Jiggler? We all made fun of them, but they absolutely did not care. These are people turning pigeon meat and “deported” foreign nationals into nugget shapes. They’ll take any press they can get.

    We need to stop doing this. It’s very possible the only conversation any of us had or will ever have about Dr. Pepper came when they released a special version of their soda for men only. We all went on Twitter to say things like, “Forbidding women from tasting Dr. Pepper Ten will only delay the discovery that it’s made from semen, not stop it completely.” We asked questions like, “Why would you make a soda for men only? Are you trying to find the perfect drink to pair with losing custody of your kids?” Or maybe you simply speculated, “Dr. Pepper Ten sounds like the refreshing treat you reach for when defending an accused rapist you haven’t met.”

    SORRY LADIES, OUR CREATIVE DIRECTOR IS STILL DEALING WITH SOME CHILDHOOD TRAUMA INVOLVING PENISES.

    Products should make the customer happy, not be so deliberately dumb that the customer hears about them during a Jimmy Kimmel monologue. You shouldn’t make every tenth new Oreo out of cat suppository in the desperate hope that cookie influencers tweet about it. And pizza, you especially need to get your shit together.

    In 2012, a Pizza Hut employee happened upon the idea of a hot-dog-stuffed crust, quite by accident, when his manager caught him fucking a pizza and demanded an explanation. This marked the last time there would ever be a non-insane pizza invention. Today, pizza marketing is a series of deranged innovations, like a serial killer’s journey toward becoming the Minotaur. For instance, Pizza Hut created “smart” shoes that place an order for you. Aside from getting the elderly to wonder what they’re going to come up with next, what the fuck good do pizza shoes do anyone? If you have a use for ordering Pizza Hut via shoe, your foot is going to fall off from diabetes long before you get to do it a second time.

    And did you know that Domino’s spent millions of dollars promoting something called “carryout insurance?” It’s what it sounds like — a financial guarantee that when your sloppy ass drops a pizza, they give you another one. Aside from getting us to mention how dumb that is, what’s the point? Was there a community of fat idiots eating pizza off the ground and demanding their representatives do something? Let’s say it’s just to set your mind at ease. Let’s pretend you’re thinking about ordering Domino’s, but decide against it because you’re always dropping pizza. Will this convince you? Of course not. You’re not even here. You were taken in the night by mad scientists, and now you’re a lump of brain tissue labelled “HISTORY’S SADDEST FUCK.”

    “CARRYOUT INSURANCE!? Hey, boss? Yeah, I just found a loophole that gives me unlimited floor pizza. So what I’m saying is you can kiss my ass.

    4

    All Things “Of The Year” Are Arbitrary Decisions Made By Small Teams Of Random Assholes

    We are living in the darkest of times. Our current sexiest man alive looks like a rectangle who makes its living hustling milk-drinking contests.

    “I’m digesting four gallons of Half & Half. Hi, I’m Blake Shelton, your sexiest man alive.”

    When People magazine announced hoedown music standout Blake Shelton as the sexiest man alive while Casper Van Dien was still not dead, it hit like a bomb. Every Twitter account and Safeway express lane had a hot take on it. It wasn’t merely controversial; it was a direct challenge to what vaginal lubrication even meant. What will it do to society if passably handsome NASCAR dads are the new standard of sexy? Do we need to stop doing sit-ups? Will there be enough denim?

    What will Casper Van Dien do with this boner?

    You know what we should have been doing that whole time? Not giving a shit about how handsome Blake Shelton is. Don’t get me wrong, Blake Shelton is alright. His condoms probably don’t expire, and if he was arrested for sodomizing a dairy cow, you’d think “Him?” But let’s not play games. He’s not the sexiest man alive. At best, he’s “Oklahoma’s Hottest Mostly Ham DNA.” But we should remember that this isn’t some great honor decided by measuring the gonad stimulation of test subjects. “Sexiest Man Alive” is picked by four or five editors desperately trying to hang onto print media jobs, and every now and then one of them is smart enough to say, “What if we trolled everyone?” With all respect to Blake Shelton’s fuckability, if you died trying to teach a prosthetic arm how to give a handjob, the People staff would write your name up on the “Sexiest Man Alive MAYBES” board.

    It’s important to keep in mind how meaningless these titles are before we get outraged. Before Donald Trump, Time gave its 2006 “Person of the Year” title to You, as in the second-person pronoun. And in 1938 they gave it to Hitler, the Donald Trump of 1938. These are meaningless choices meant to inspire terrible conversations between uninteresting people. Did you think LaTonya from Fayetteville was chosen as Jet ‘s “Beauty of the Week” because of her winning tits and smile? Wake up. It’s because her face tattoo says “Abortion is Bae.” Please, all of us, we have to stop getting outsmarted by the Jet magazines of the world.

    3

    It’s Not An Event When Fictional Characters Die

    In 1992, DC Comics killed Superman — an invincible ventriloquist with laser eyes, frost breath, and chronosphere-bending flight speed — with a rock monster who was pretty good at punching. Despite it being the third time he had died, the country went into mourning and the story was picked up by the actual news. Which was weird, because if the media wanted to cover upsetting Superman stories, where were they when his girlfriend got turned into a pony and fucked his horse?

    I think about this every day. Every day.

    Why are we so obsessed with fictional deaths? Most of the time, they’re not even real in the make-believe universe in which they happen. Captain America and Batman die around 20 times a year, each in different combinations of fake-outs, resurrections, and universe reboots. If a dead guy’s best friends own a time machine and the Eye of Agamotto, you can probably hold off on making funeral plans. And if your favorite character dies on The Walking Dead, maybe don’t waste an hour watching Chris Hardwick cry until you see the body.

    It should help you relax knowing that most fictional deaths are only abusive pranks, but the “real” ones are about as meaningless.

    I mean, you knew there wasn’t going to be any more Firefly. This death cost us maybe two wisecracks.

    Remember when Han Solo died? He was a 73-year-old laser gun fighter scheduled to get his own movie in three years. His death was both long overdue and completely inconsequential to the amount of Han Solo you will continue to see on your TV. His father-in-law, Darth Vader, was on screen for about 36 minutes before he died in 1983, and since his death, there have been more Anakin Skywalker stories than anyone could ever want. Anakin Skywalker is the Nicolas Cage of outer space. He stopped making good movies three decades ago, yet he’s still everywhere and radiating inexplicable cosmic energy.

    If George R. R. Martin went on TV to announce that a meteor hit Westeros between books and everyone in A Song Of Ice And Fire is gone, how is that different from the world you’re living in now? The guy has clearly wanted to focus more on snacks for about four books. You know what’s sadder than seeing Ned Stark get his head chopped off? Watching some fragile-hearted slob go through the stages of grief in a YouTube video afterwards. Parents, if your child is filming themselves weep over a make-believe death, that’s a bigger failure than if your child is filming themselves pee into a tube sock for Patreon supporters. I mean, you can do whatever you want, but when you cry over fake people whom you can still see every day for as long as you want, you’re only sending a message to the people around you that you’re a dramatic piece of shit. But I know something that will cheer you up!

    2

    Being Special Is Free

    That’s right, I said it.

    You’re welcome.

    It’s pretty easy to sell someone nothing more than the idea that they’re special or important for actual money. For example, somewhere right now, a Todd is looking through a rack of keychains to see if they have one with his name on it. “I hope they have a Todd,” he might announce as he thumbs through dusty garbage. “They do! And it’s spelled right!” So Todd will buy it, a cute reminder of the worst store in the least interesting part of a city he once visited, and it will never occur to him that an Indonesian factory gambled and won that a completely shitty Todd would one day pay money to remind himself of his own name. This next part is way off-topic, but not even the Indonesians could have foreseen that this keychain would one day be used to frame Todd …

    … for Toddslaughter.

    Back to the point I was trying to make: We are all susceptible to this crap. Coke had its first sales increase in more than a decade when it introduced the idea of adding the customers’ stupid fucking names to their cans and bottles. And the internet has been haunted by ego-stroking personality quizzes and IQ tests since before we used it to pay girls peeing into tube socks. We are so desperate to be told we’re special that we will suspend all disbelief and critical thinking to hear it. You should know that answering a few simple personality questions does not make you the coolest ninja turtle, and you shouldn’t trust the scores of an IQ test that you watched yourself cheat on which also advertises free Slavic women and four new pounds of dick girth.

    One of my favorite examples of this, and favorite things in general, is an online community called Intertel — “An International Society of the Intellectually Gifted.” It’s very difficult to get in. You can only join if you score in the top 1 percent of any self-administered intelligence test and mail in a $10 application fee. You may have considered that this in fact checks to see whether you’re stupid enough to mail in a test with a 98 percent score or less and nothing else. If you get accepted, you then pay a $39 annual fee to be a part of a genius club for people who are very specifically not. What do you get? I’m so glad you asked. For the annual fee, you get unlimited pity and the right to post a photo and bio about your unusually gullible self. It has created an avalanche of unearned ego that looks like a late ’90s Casper Van Dien fan page whose webmaster went mysteriously missing.

    Image courtesy of the estate of the Casper Van Dien Fan Page & Genius Community webmaster.

    OK, no, but seriously, this next image is a real screenshot from the Inertel (An International Society of the Intellectually Gifted) website. This is a real person who really thinks he’s in the 1 percent of intellectual elites, and this is his real profile.

    I didn’t doctor this. This is what an actual genius named BigJim369 pays $39 a year to display. Fuck! This world is magic and you get to live in it!

    Another business that exploits your love of yourself on a massive, sprawling scale is the pop-up museum industry. The name implies that there are things to do or learn inside them, but they’re more like oversized photo booths than art galleries. For instance, if you take a trip to the zany, world-famous Museum of Ice Cream, you will learn zero to one things about ice cream and eat ice cream worth $45 less than the entry ticket. What you will do is wait in line to take photos of yourself next to what you’d describe in any other context as “nothing of interest.” So to be clear, we are so self-obsessed that it’s now an effective business model to charge us money to take pictures of ourselves so we can promote you online.

    You didn’t fool ME, Museum of Ice Cream. But my family loved it. Five stars.

    1

    Stop Making It Seem Like There Are Nazis

    OK, so the world has enough idiot racists to elect Donald Trump president, but not all of those voters were full white supremacists. Some of them were simply too religious to know when someone is lying or too old to change their mind about politics. And yes, a troubling number of them were Nazis. But in a lot of ways, most things are fine and the world isn’t as awful as you think.

    You’re welcome again.

    Impossibly shitty people, like the Trump supporters who took that Garfield mug personally, seem like they’re everywhere. A lot of that is our fault — the decent people making fun of them. They use us to amplify their voices, like Han Solo (R.I.P.) convincing a hallway of Stormtroopers that he’s way more people than he actually is. Every few minutes, a website publishes a variation on the article “These Miserable Fucks Said Something Racist About A Thing And Got Annihilated By Twitter.” They’re fun and vaguely heroic, but if you read more than one, you’ll start to see that they all share the same content. It’s the same three or four racist tweets quoted in every article, tweeted by the same three or four racists who “attacked” the Star Wars with the Asian girl and “staged boycotts” of the all-lady Ghostbusters. We need to stop treating these three or four people like they’re a threat to anything other than skewing PornHub’s algorithm to favor mother-son incest.

    BREAKING NEWS: Local high school’s least-likable prick still making quite a spectacle out his irrelevant awfulness.

    Here’s a reassuring fact: A study of Reddit found that 1 percent of communities were responsible for 74 percent of all conflict. We are taking the intentionally ignorant comments of a Kia’s worth of debate club hobbyists and pretending they’re a tidal wave of hate we must stand together against. The “alt-right” movement is 30 boys too cranky to date and too slow to learn Dungeons & Dragons. Their supporters are a toxic group of gamers who will disappear once they turn 17, and their media outlet is a cable network whose entire audience will be dead in two more flu seasons. All these people want is for the other side to get upset, so if we stop writing thinkpieces about the rise of dapper white nationalism and focus more on how liberals hate suicide cults, we can be rid of them almost immediately.

    BREAKING NEWS: C-word who only tweets C-wordy antisemitic things DOES!

    Ann Coulter is a good example. She’s the skeletal remains of antique intolerance, and she has about as much cultural influence as Corey Feldman’s band, Oral Thrush and the Yeast 2000s. Has she ever done anything other than hiss wrong things at impatient TV personalities or pretend that clinical antisemitism is antisemitic comedy? She only seems like she is a thing because 10,000 of us dunk on the bitch every time she blames her oral thrush on the Jews. Without all of us explaining to each other how wrong she is, Coulter would just be wandering through Home Depot to see if there are any white employees she can ask about the toilet safety rails. And soon she would be hatching spider eggs in her mouth while her parakeet watched her body rot. “Rawk! The Jews are at it again!” it would repeat to her undiscovered corpse. “The Jews are at it again!”

    We all seem to get how dumb it is when the news says “teens” are doing a comically apeshit thing like human centipede parties or detergent eating. Why can’t we use those same giant brains to figure out how one Nazi nerd looking for attention isn’t “the Right”? I know it’s tough to resist trolls, but Kim Kardashian owning all the world’s money should have taught you that there is virtue in shutting the fuck up about some things. We need to stay strong not in the battle against the “alt-right,” but in the battle to ignore them. The next time you see another column about how women won’t date conservative men, leave it alone. Let those dickless Nazis keep writing versions of that article into the empty void until they learn evil causes women to dry up. And the next time someone on your Facebook thread defends their Second Amendment rights after a school shooting, don’t validate their child murder fandom with attention. Move your cursor to the left and click on their mother’s profile. Pose as Blake Shelton, win her moist trust, and quietly destroy that child-murderer’s family. Every one of us can shut up and make a difference.

    Seanbaby invented being funny on the Internet. You can follow him on Twitter, or play his hit mobile game Calculords.

    Did you realize Casper van Dien was in a Tarzan movie in the 90s?

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    For more, check out 5 Deeply Embarrassing Things The News Keeps Doing and 6 Times The News Went Totally Overboard Chasing A Story.

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    Read more: http://www.cracked.com/blog/5-stupid-things-we-need-to-stop-clicking-on/

    Man Contracts Worst Known Case Of Gonorrhea In The World

    In what has proven to be both a cautionary tale, and a microcosm of the wider public health crisis posed by antibiotic resistance, it’s being reported that a man in the UK has contracted the world’s worst case of super-gonorrhea.

    According to BBC News, the man – who has a regular partner in the UK – contracted the drug-resistant infection through a sexual encounter with a woman in South East Asia earlier this year. He was given a range of commonly used antibiotics, as well as a combination of azithromycin and ceftriaxone which, according to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the last recommended effective treatment option for uncomplicated gonorrhea.

    It didn’t work, and, according to Public Health England, the European Centres for Disease Control and the World Health Organization (WHO), this is the first ever case wherein the superbug displayed such high-level resistance to these treatments.

    It’s been suggested that one more antibiotic could kill it off, but if it doesn’t, there are essentially no options left. Fortunately, according to the Evening Standard, the man’s UK partner has tested negative for the infection, but officials are worried other partners, if they exist, may test positive.

    Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection commonly contracted by engaging in unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sex, or sharing sex toys. Common symptoms include colorful discharges, pain while urinating and bleeding between periods – but 1 in 10 men and around half of women, according to the NHS, are asymptomatic.

    In the long-term, it can lead to inflammation of the pelvic region in women, and possibly infertility. It’s normally treated with a course of antibiotics, but the appearance of so-called “super-gonorrhea” has concerned health authorities.

    The Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium has progressively developed antibiotic resistance over time, to the point where the WHO now consider it to be a “high priority” pathogen requiring the development of new antibiotics and widespread public health education and prevention efforts.

    It’s part of the overall global rise in antibiotic resistance, something that the WHO has described as “one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today.” It’s arguably the major facet of the larger umbrella of antimicrobial resistance, which describes an “ever-increasing range of infections” caused by not just bacteria, but viruses, fungi, and parasites too.

    The appearance of this man’s record-breaking resistant super-gonorrhea, then, is part of a deeply worrying trend, one in which both our prevention and treatment efforts are falling short.

    The overarching theme here may be to stop the overuse of antibiotics in healthcare and agriculture, and invest heavily in related R&D. On a personal level, however, the moral of this particular modern fable is clear: use a condom, don’t get hyper-gonorrhea.

    Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/man-contracts-worst-known-case-of-gonorrhea-in-the-world/

    Man has ‘world’s worst’ super-gonorrhoea

    Image copyright Getty Images

    A man in the UK has caught the world’s “worst-ever” case of super-gonorrhoea.

    He had a regular partner in the UK, but picked up the superbug after a sexual encounter with a woman in South East Asia.

    Public Health England says it is the first time the infection cannot be cured with first choice antibiotics.

    Health officials are now tracing any other sexual partners of the man, who has not been identified, in an attempt to contain the infection’s spread.

    He picked up the infection earlier in the year.

    The main antibiotic treatment – a combination of azithromycin and ceftriaxone – has failed to treat the disease.

    Dr Gwenda Hughes, from Public Health England, said: “This is the first time a case has displayed such high-level resistance to both of these drugs and to most other commonly used antibiotics.”

    Discussions with the World Health Organization and the European Centres for Disease Control agree this is a world first.


    What is gonorrhoea?

    Image copyright CAVALLINI JAMES/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY

    The disease is caused by the bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

    The infection is spread by unprotected vaginal, oral and anal sex.

    Of those infected, about one in 10 heterosexual men and more than three-quarters of women, and gay men, have no easily recognisable symptoms.

    But symptoms can include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods.

    Untreated infection can lead to infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease and can be passed on to a child during pregnancy.


    Analysis of the man’s infection suggests one last antibiotic could work. He is currently being treated and doctors will see if it has been successful next month.

    So far no other cases – including in the British partner – have been discovered, but the investigation is still under way.

    Dr Hughes added: “We are following up this case to ensure that the infection was effectively treated with other options and the risk of any onward transmission is minimised.”

    Doctors have long been warning this could happen.

    In 2015, there was an outbreak of azithromycin-resistant gonorrhoea centred on Leeds.

    The fear is the bug could eventually become untreatable by any antibiotic.

    Dr Olwen Williams, the president of the British Association for Sexual Health and HIV said: “The emergence of this new strain of highly resistant gonorrhoea is of huge concern and is a significant development.

    “We are concerned that the problem will worsen due to the dramatic cuts that have been delivered to the public health budget.

    “Worryingly this has left sexual health services at ‘tipping point’, with clinic closures coming at the worst possible time.”

    Follow James on Twitter.

    Related Topics

    Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-43571120

    Research Boldly Claims Electrical Stimulation Can Prevent Premature Ejaculation

    A recent communique, published in the journal European Urology, has generated an understandable wave of press coverage. It essentially suggests that a possible way to stem premature ejaculation (PE) in men involves the use of mild electrical shocks to the lower leg.

    Before we get into the somewhat messy details of this, however, let’s backtrack a little.

    PE is a widespread problem that’s largely based on perception. As noted by the UK’s National Health Service (NHS), it’s loosely defined as a male ejaculation that occurs “too quickly during sexual intercourse”. It’s generally based on average ejaculation times that men have self-reported, with an average of around 5.5 minutes cropping up in various places.

    The point, as the NHS emphasizes, is that it’s up to each individual and couple whether or not an ejaculation time is “premature” or not. Sex has no defined average duration, and it’s (clearly) about a lot more than just reaching the, ahem, finish line for the man.

    Saying that, some individuals do have a problem with the speed in which they unleash their load, and there’s a range of reasons put forward as to why this may happen, from the psychological to the physiological. Similarly, there are various treatments available with wildly varying efficacies, and there’s not much of a consensus as to what works and what doesn’t for each unique case.

    A recent review of pharmacological methods to treat PE, also published in European Urology, concluded that the efficacy of plenty of commonly available drugs “remains unclear”, and that only one seems to have any significant effect on the issue.

    Indeed, this new paper’s researchers – all from the Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital in Turkey – are also clearly cognizant of the ambiguity of the problem they’re treating. Despite this, they go for a seemingly unorthodox method of treatment.

    edwardolive/Shutterstock

    Named “transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation”, or TPTNS, it involves focused, extremely mild electrical shocks to a nerve that passes through your lower leg and ankle, and which is interconnected with other nearby nerve branches.

    Treating 30 men suffering from PE, and giving 30 other men placebo treatments, each for 30 minutes per day for 12 weeks, the research concluded rather more ambiguously than others have suggested.

    “TPTNS was achieved a statistically significant increase in the duration of ejaculation,” it notes, verbatim. It also points out that “the placebo and patient group’s mean IELT duration… were statistically significantly increased after the treatment.”

    IELT refers to the time taken by a man to ejaculate during vaginal sex. So this means that both the placebo and the TPTNS worked, with “no statistically significant difference between the placebo and patient groups in terms of… post-treatment IELT percent change.”

    Interestingly, this type of electrical stimulation has been used before, but to treat pains. A review in 2008 found it to be emergently successful in this respect, but the NHS maintains there’s not enough evidence to say either way right now. There’s even less information available with regards to PE, and in general, such stimulation isn’t officially recommended for a range of ailments.

    That aside, the small sample size here is a clear problem. More importantly, however, this isn’t a peer-reviewed study. It’s a “supplement” one that’s just been presented at the annual European Association of Urology Congress in Copenhagen. Other notable journals like The Lancet refuse to publish these supplements as they often fail peer review and are sometimes biased due to commercial funding.

    So, in the meantime, don’t try this yourself, and take the claims with a hefty pinch of salt.

    Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/research-boldly-claims-electrical-stimulation-can-prevent-premature-ejaculation/

    ‘Do you have any ectoplasm? Is it vaginal?’ The return of punk artist Linder

    Seance trumpets, one-armed flutes, northern cross-dressers brace yourself for the eerie, dizzying world of Linder and her House of Fame show

    The scene: inside Nottingham Contemporary gallery. A dialogue is unfolding between the artist, Linder, and a visitor from Cambridge University Library, who has come bearing an item for the exhibition she is curating. It is a 1920s spirit trumpet, part of a collection amassed by the Society of Psychical Research, and now cared for by the library. It is, in effect, a cardboard cone. Its box proclaims that it cost five shillings and was produced in Manchester by the Two Worlds Publishing Company. The box is ripped at one end, as if in eagerness by its original purchaser. It is also rather stained. Which is good: Linder likes stains.

    Elsewhere in the exhibition are two paintings by Ithell Colquhoun, the British surrealist and occultist who wrote an essay in 1952 entitled Children of the Mantic Stain, pondering esoteric uses of the Rorschach ink-blot test. Linder is interested in what else lurks within the SPR collection. Do you have any ectoplasm? she asks. I think so, says Jim Bloxam, the man from Cambridge. Is it vaginal? asks Linder, eagerly. Er, no. Its a piece of cloth, says Bloxam.

    Linder seems a little disappointed, and turns her attention back to the spirit trumpet. I wonder how it works, she muses. I dont know, says Bloxam. Im actually a book conservator. He makes a hurried search on his phone to the library webpages, and we discover that, during a seance, the trumpet is designed to rise from the table and float around the room emitting spirit voices and, if occasion demands, exuding ectoplasm.

    Lensman
    Lensman from Linders series Pretty Girls. Photograph: Courtesy of Stuart Shave/Modern Art, Dependance, Andrehn Schiptjenko, Blum & Poe

    The spirit trumpet is one of a number of arcane and intriguing objects in Linders exhibition, which is titled The House of Fame, in tribute to a Ben Jonson masque and Chaucers dream poem. There are also aside from works by Linder herself 19th-century hat boxes, specially shaped to protect ones ducal plumes, a somewhat stained lace hankie, or pall cloth, for placing over the face of a corpse, and a beautifully decorated Derby-made jug from 1815, which one might easily mistake for a gravy boat (it is, in fact, a bourdaloue, a kind of chamber pot).

    Born Linda Mulvey, the artist is best known for her immersion in the punk and post-punk scene in Manchester in the 1970s and early 80s. As a graphic design student at Manchester Polytechnic, she began making feminist photomontages. (She did not study fine art: I was the first in my family not to leave school at 14, and my parents were concerned I should have a trade, she says.) Leafing through magazines, she cut out images of kettles and cookers and gas fires and combined them with soft-porn pictures of girls draped over suburban shagpile. Famously, one of these satires on the domestic objectification of women a naked figure with an iron for a face became the cover of the Buzzcocks single Orgasm Addict.

    She co-founded a band, Ludus, and in 1982 performed in a meat dress on stage at the Hacienda, a gesture famously borrowed by Lady Gaga. She has had an eclectic career since those days, devising performance works, studying Indian music (her extraordinary taus, a 20-stringed bowed instrument, will be on show in Nottingham), and lately returning to photomontage. These last months she has been the first artist in residence at Chatsworth, the Derbyshire seat of the dukes of Devonshire.

    Seductive
    Seductive and unsettling Pythia. Photograph: Courtesy the artist and Stuart Shave/Modern Art. Devonshire Collection, Chatsworth.

    The exhibition is a capacious web of associations and coincidences, a scrabble through Linders mind and memory. Lace is one of many delicate leitmotifs running through the exhibition, partly a tribute to Nottinghams history as a centre of lacemaking, partly because its reticular, woven nature might make a metaphor for the show itself. There are lace masks that Linder made for Howard Devoto; that pall cloth; a photograph of lace made in the 19th century by Isabel Cowper, a little-known figure who photographed items in the Victoria and Albert Museums collection; and lace curtains in photographs, by Shirley Baker, of children staring out of windows in Salford in the 1960s.

    Masks are another recurring image not only Linders photomontages, in which womens heads are replaced with household objects, but the masks you might wear in a masque, like those in Inigo Joness designs for courtly 17th-century entertainments. Or one might think of a death mask: and here is that of Sandford Arthur Strong, who died in 1904. He taught Persian to the archaeologist Gertrude Bell, says Linder. He was also Chatsworths librarian. Or masks might make you think of dressing up and disguises: here are some of Madame Yevondes 1935 photographs of society beauties costumed as classical goddesses; here are photographs by Linder taken at a Manchester cross-dressers bar in the early 1980s. A lot of them were wearing their mothers or sisters clothes. The whole thing was very celebratory. It was the one night of the week when they could turn up and be themselves.

    Or maybe collage is what glues everything together. Aside from Linders own photomontages, the show includes objects such as a decoupage screen, lent by Chatsworth, that must have been made in the 1840s: it is covered with fashion plates, scenes of Highland landscapes, and little moustachioed horsemen galloping away into the distance. Linder has some fellow-feeling for the anonymous person who made it. In weak moments I do feel like a sickly Victorian lady, she says, as she describes her hours with scissors and paste. The spiritualist objects in the exhibition cast back to the idea of collage, too, since early photographers might use layering techniques, such as double exposure, to create the ghostly effects in their spirit images.

    Tomorrows
    Tomorrows world Linder pictured with House of the Future, by Alison and Peter Smithson, which features in her show. Photograph: Fabio De Paola for the Guardian

    Earlier in the year I meet Linder, with the director of Nottingham Contemporary, Sam Thorne, at Chatsworth. The 18th-century house is closed for the winter, and we enter through the old servants quarters, now a warren of offices and storerooms and staff lockers and mannequins from recently removed Christmas displays (a prone Charles Dickens; slightly sinister giant Nutcrackers). It is just like being backstage at a theatre. We walk up to the public areas and find Linder in the ice-cold sculpture gallery with a group of classicists from Nottingham University, who have been advising her on ancient perfumes. Id love to put a strobe and some dry ice in here, she says wistfully.

    Nearby, in the magnificent Painted Hall, whose walls were covered in the 17th century with scenes from the life of Julius Caesar, they have been wafting frankincense and other smells to see how they might create an imaginary olfactory landscape, she explains. (In the wall paintings incense smokes, and the goddess Fame presides in the end, everything Linder does connects with everything else, if only you follow the chain of association.) The house has been like a vast properties cupboard for her, a mad attic from which no one has ever thrown anything away. Its rather a long way from the Hacienda in 1982. I usually make work with ephemera, with things that have been discarded, with things that are literally lightweight. This is the complete opposite.

    She has marvelled at everything from 1950s packets of soap powder to jet mourning buckles worn after the death of Queen Victoria (the latter are in the Nottingham show). The curators have magicked up all manner of strange things that shes asked for You voice the invitation and it somehow appears, she says. Someone opens a cupboard and there it is. One of the more remarkable objects she has borrowed to show in Nottingham is a one-handed flute, made for a musician who lost an arm and a leg in the Napoleonic wars.

    Nothing seems to escape Linders voracious eye: she points out to me in the near dark, high on a bedroom wall, an 18th-century painted frieze of little men with frogs heads (as opposed to women with irons for heads they are illustrating a story from Ovids Metamorphoses). She beckons me over to look at a 19th-century perambulator, its fittings designed to resemble coiling snakes, the creatures that appear on the Duke of Devonshires family crest. She has made a new photomontage inspired by her immersion in this place of fantasy and performance. It is based on a painting, by Maria Conway, of Georgiana, the fifth Duchess of Devonshire, flying through a nocturnal cloudscape in the guise of the goddess Diana.

    Linder has given Georgiana a coiled snake for a face, and an owl as familiar (a gentle homage to one of Madame Yevondes costume-ball portraits, which showed a society beauty, accessorised with a stuffed barn owl, as Minerva). She has called the work Pythia the name of the prophetic priestess at ancient Delphi, itself derived from the Greek word pytho, or snake, which had supposedly been slain there by Apollo. Seductive and unsettling, it is an utterly characteristic image by Linder this modern mythologiser, occultist and weaver of tales.

    Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/mar/22/linder-nottingham-contemporary-house-of-fame-vaginal-ectoplasm

    Stormy Daniels Passed Polygraph Test About Alleged Trump Affair: Report

    Stephanie Clifford, aka Stormy Daniels, passed a 2011 polygraph test in which she said she had unprotected sex with Donald Trump.

    The Wall Street Journal reports that the adult film actress took the test seven years ago when she was attempting to sell her story for $15,000 to Bauer Publishing, the company behind magazines like Life & Style and In Touch Weekly. Though Bauer Publishing did not run the story about Clifford and Trump at the time, In Touch published the interview with her in January. Trump has denied the affair ever happened.

    The person who administered the polygraph was Ronald D. Slay, who works for Western Security Consultants in Las Vegas. 

    “In the opinion of this examiner, Ms. Clifford is truthful about having unprotected vaginal intercourse with Donald Trump in July 2006,” Slay concluded, according to the Journal.

    The results were inconclusive as to whether Clifford was telling the truth when she claimed that Trump promised to get her on “The Apprentice.”

    Clifford’s ex-husband Michael Mosny also passed a polygraph test about her alleged affair with Trump. The Journal did not specify what questions the examiner asked Mosny.

    Polygraph tests, commonly called “lie detector tests,” supposedly detect whether or not a person is being truthful by measuring various physical responses, including heart rate and respiration. The American Psychological Association notes that the accuracy of polygraph tests is controversial, and that 
    “most psychologists agree that there is little evidence that polygraph tests can accurately detect lies.”

    However, the tests are still used in situations like criminal investigations and federal employee screenings.

    Clifford’s attorney Michael Avenetti paid $25,000 for the rights to a video of her taking the test, the Journal reports. On Monday, he tweeted a screenshot of her hooked up to the polygraph. 

    Trump attorney Michael Cohen has admitted that he paid Clifford $130,000 in October 2016, reportedly as part of a nondisclosure agreement that would bar Clifford from sharing information about Trump.

    The 39-year-old actress now seeks to void the agreement because Trump himself did not sign it. Cohen disagrees, and maintains that the President now has the right to sue her for at least $20 million for violating the terms of the contract.

    Read more: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/stormy-daniels-lie-detector-test-polygraph_us_5ab1472de4b054d118dd7f12

    DNA Shows Hes Not a Killer. Georgia Still Wants to Execute Him Tomorrow.

    The courtroom drama was intense. On Aug. 15, 1986, Gertrude B. Miller, a 71-year-old white woman, testified about the night she was raped, beaten, and almost murdered by an intruder at her home in Columbus, Georgia, a prosperous city of 200,000 people south of Atlanta.

    I had gone sound asleep and it was then that I realized that someone was right there, on top of me he turned me over on my back, and he pulled down my nightclothes he raped me front and back, both, and he hit me on the head Later on, when he was raping me, he turned the light on so he could see better, the light at the head of the bed.

    That meant, she went on, that she saw his face clearly. The Columbus district attorney, Bill Smith, asked Miller to look around the court and state whether you recognize the person who attacked you that night. She pointed to the defendant, an African-American man named Carlton Michael Gary. That guy right there, she said.

    Gary was on trial as Columbus stocking strangler, a serial killer who murdered and raped seven elderly, white women in Columbus over eight terrifying months from September 1977 to April 1978. Millers testimony was the moment a guilty verdict began to seem inevitable. The first of the predators victims, she had been strangled by a ligature fashioned from her own stockings, and tied with a distinctive, self-tightening knot, as were those who died; unlike them, she had lost consciousness, but somehow, survived.

    The defense attorney, August Bud Siemon, suggested that her memory, thanks to the passage of time, might not be reliable: The attack on Miller had taken place nearly seven years before the trial. When it came to his summation, Smith gave this short shrift.

    Instead of thinking, Can she remember? ask yourselves, Can she ever forget? he said. Dont you know that every night Mrs. Miller has laid her head on her pillow and closed her eyes to go to sleep, she has seen the face of this man? Its burned into her memory, its forged into her memory. She cant put it out of her mind.

    Gary, who is now 67, was convicted and sentenced to death for three of the subsequent rapes and murders, which were all virtually identical in their modus operandi, and all perpetrated within a small, all-white neighborhood: those of Martha Thurmond, Florence Scheible, and Kathleen Woodruff. Smith told the jury they should be in no doubt: All the attacks were the work of a single perpetrator, Gary, who had carried out eight rapes and seven murders, including the rape of Miller. The reason he had been charged with only three of the attacks was that it was only at these victims homes that police discovered his fingerprints.

    This Thursday, March 15, unless he gets a stay, he will die by lethal injection at the Georgia state prison in Jackson. Yet if that does happen, his execution will not represent justice for Miller, who passed away many years ago. For it can be stated with what the law terms scientific certainty that Carlton Gary did not rape Gertrude Miller. According to DNA tests, the semen police recovered from her sheets and nightclothes after she was attacked came from someone else entirely. If Miller was raped by the stocking strangler, Gary is not that man.

    Sabotage?

    However, the DNA evidence that Gary did not attack Miller is just one element of a huge volume of material that points to his innocence. I cannot pretend to be objective about this case. I began to look into it as a reporter in 1998, and two years later, when I secured a book deal, I also became the defense attorneys (unpaid) official investigator, reasoning that if I were to discover exculpatory evidence, it would be morally wrong not to share it with them. My book, The Big Eddy Clubnamed after the then all-white dining club to which five of the victims families and many of Columbus legal and law enforcement officials belongedwas published in 2007. Meanwhile, I have made many visits to Georgia from my home in Oxford, England, both to see Gary and to continue my investigations, and have written numerous articles.

    For a long time, I was careful not to say that I thought Gary was innocent, only that he did not get a fair trial, and so deserved a new one. That is no longer my position, nor that of his lawyers, Jack Martin and Michael McIntyre, who are based in Atlanta. Their petition, filed last Friday with the only body which, just maybe, may now save his life, the Supreme Court, is unequivocal. The first question the court must answer, it states, is whether the Eighth (cruel and unusual punishment) and Fourteenth (due process) Amendments to the Constitution prohibit the execution of an actually innocent defendant.

    The state has argued that because Gary was not formally convicted of raping Miller, the DNA test on the semen from the man who attacked her is irrelevant, and until now, the courts have bought that argument.

    However, this should not have mattered, because there was a second DNA sample from semen recovered from the body of a woman Gary was convicted of raping and killing, retired teacher Thurmond, 69, who was raped, brutalized, and strangled on Oct. 24, 1977.

    It is the fate of this sample which makes the case truly egregious. When the Thurmond semen slide was about to be tested at the Georgia Bureau of Investigation crime lab in 2010, someonewe have no idea whocontaminated it, rendering it forever useless, by smearing their own semendescribed, bizarrely, in court documents as a control sampleover both the slide and the laboratory equipment, so swamping the precious DNA gathered from Thurmonds body in 1977. There are only two possibilities: Either this was deliberate sabotage, or negligence so extraordinary that it beggars belief. (The one person who might have been able to shed further light on this, a scientist named Connie Pickens who discovered what had gone on, died four years ago.)

    Hence the petitions further question for the Supreme Court: When a State provides a defendant under a death sentence the right to DNA testing of evidence that can prove that the defendant is innocent and then, in the process of testing, the State contaminates and destroys the DNA evidence, does this destruction constitute a violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments of the United States Constitution so as to bar a defendants execution? This, the petition says, is a unique question, which the court has never previously confronted.

    Suppression of Evidence

    Then again, for many years, police and prosecutors maintained there were no DNA-testable samples at all. Way back in 1994, when the new science of DNA fingerprinting was just beginning to be used to exonerate criminal defendants, attorney Jeff Ertel, who was fighting Garys state court appeals, tried to discover whether there was potentially useful material. By then, Bill Smith had become a Superior Court judge, but his successor as Columbus DA, Doug Pullen, who had been Smiths assistant at the 1986 trial, testified under oath at an evidentiary hearing that there was noneall the slides and swabs from the victims had been destroyed, he said, because they were thought to constitute a bio-hazard. There was, he added, a policy to destroy such samples.

    This was, baldly, a lie. If there was such a policy, it was not followed, and for many years the samples sat in a box in the evidence room at the Columbus Police Department. There, thanks in part to my investigation, defense attorney Martin was finally able to inspect them a few weeks before Garys last execution date, Dec. 16, 2009. That time, he came within three-and-a half hours of being killed, before the Georgia Supreme Court granted a stay. He had already been prepped for the lethal injection gurney, a degrading procedure which, he told me later, had involved an anal cavity search: They wanted to make sure I died feeling humiliated. Having dodged the executioner on that occasion, he said, he walked back into his death row cellblock and realized what it must be like to be Mick Jaggerthe other inmates were hollering and clapping so much.

    That stay triggered a protracted process, which is ending only now. First, the prosecutors both in Columbus and in the Georgia attorney generals office fought a losing legal battle to stop any DNA testing at all. Then, in January 2014, began a long series of hearings before Judge Frank Jordan in the Columbus courthouse where the trial had been held, on what was termed an extraordinary motion for a new triala last-ditch legal resort for prisoners whose ordinary appeals are over, but who seek to present fresh evidence.

    There was much for the court to consider beside the Miller DNA test. For exampleas the Supreme Court petition statesthere was a set of footprints, left by the killer at one of the victims homes, after he climbed on to a dusty air conditioning unit to gain entrance via a window. The footprintsclear impressions made by a sneakerwere five sizes smaller than Garys size 14 feet. There was a bite mold made from a deep impression left in the breast of the final victim, Janet Cofer: The killer had apparently tried to bite off her nipple. The mold did not match Garys teeth, displaying a pattern of twists, gaps, and overcrowding that Garywho at the time of the murders was modeling in TV commercials for a high-fashion clothing storedid not have.

    The prosecutors maintained that Gary had left his fingerprints at the homes of the three victims of whose murders he was convicted. Yet it transpired that in 1979, after he was convicted of robbing fast-food restaurants in South Carolina, the detective who was then the head of the stocking stranglings task force had considered him as a possible suspectas was any black person from Columbus arrested for any kind of crime in this period. After taking his prints to the police identification section, the officer found no match. (Gary only became a suspect again when he absconded from an open prison five years later, and headed back to Columbus. This brought him to the attention of another local detective, who claimed that back in 1977, he had sold a gun after stealing it in a burglary in the same neighborhood as the murdersalthough there was, in fact, no obvious connection between the killings and this theft.) Moreover, the standard Columbus police operating procedure in the 1970s was always to photograph fingerprints after they had been dusted at a crime scene, while they were still in situ, to prevent allegations that any match had been faked. There were no photos of Garys prints at the scenes of the three murders with which he was charged.

    All of this had been concealed from the jury, along with statements to police by Miller. Soon after she was raped, she said her rapist had attacked her in darkness so complete she did not know whether he was black or white not that he turned on the light. Later, after the arrest of a hapless man with learning difficulties named Jerome Livas, Miller said she was sure Livas raped her. Together with his confession to raping her and murdering the first two victims, Millers statement was quietly buried when the killings continued, although Livas was in custody. (He also gave an interview to a local reporter, confessing he had not merely perpetrated the stranglings, but the assassination of President McKinley, the kidnap of Charles Lindberghs baby, and the Black Dahlia slayings in California.)

    Also hidden from the trial were scientific papers disclosed in 2000, that showed that, even absent DNA tests, it was highly unlikely that Gary killed Martha Thurmond. Using the technology then available, the police had established that the killer was a non-secretora relatively rare, genetically determined lifelong state that meant he did not secrete his blood group marker chemical into other bodily fluids, such as semen and saliva. Carlton Gary doesmaking it all the more outrageous that the DNA test which could have exonerated him beyond doubt of this murder was rendered impossible.

    Hours to Go

    However, the prosecutors did pull one rabbit out of their hat: a claim that the same lab that wrecked the Thurmond DNA sample did find a match between Gary and vaginal washings taken from another murder victim, Jean Dimenstein.

    Here too, the truth is murky. Their claim was, supposedly, derived from swabs of Garys DNA that had been securely stored in a sealed envelope. When the defense attorneys asked to see them, the lawyers were told the envelope had mysteriously been opened, and the swabs had, unaccountably, disappeared. Could they have been used to contaminate the microscopic quantity of biological material taken from Dimenstein? In a lab where the destruction of the much bigger Thurmond semen sample took place, the defense attorneys say anything is possible.

    In any event, Gary was not convicted or sentenced for Dimensteins rape and murder. Yet still the state has claimed the case against him is overwhelming. In fact, at this point, other than the items listed above, it consists of his alleged confessiona typed, unsigned document which was based on neither a tape recording, nor contemporaneous notes, but on the memory of a single detective who claimed he could remember, almost verbatim, what Gary had said over the course of two long nights of interrogation. Gary, who had no lawyer present when he was questioned, has always insisted it is a fabrication.

    After the hearings, the Columbus courts Judge Jordan took a long time to rule. When he did, on Sept. 1, 2017, he weighed each piece of fresh evidence according to a Georgia legal standard set down in a case known as Timberlake. This requires the defense to show that the evidence is a) newly discovered since the trial and b) could not reasonably have been adduced before the jury. Jordan decided the evidence did clear those hurdles. But it did not reach the final, requisite standard: If the jury had known about it, he decided, there was not a reasonable probability it would have reached a different verdict, or sentenced Gary to life, instead of death.

    Martin and McIntyre appealed to the Georgia Supreme Court. Its final decision came back in January: It decided not to review the case at all. Hence the execution date.

    Now it is up to the justices, who have, as of this writing, two days to spare Garys life. Jack Martin wound up his speech at the end of the hearings in Columbus by saying: There is no way that a just society could execute this man. By 7 p.m. Eastern time on Thursday, we will know whether the Supreme Court agrees.

    Read more: https://www.thedailybeast.com/dna-shows-hes-not-a-killer-georgia-wants-to-execute-him